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On-Going Research Schemes/Projects :
(A) Livelihood impacts of micro irrigation system in Saurashtra region.
1
Title of the programme
:
Livelihood impacts of micro irrigation system in Saurashtra region.
2
Objectives
:
To identify the determinants of micro irrigation adoption
 
 
 
To determine the livelihood impacts of micro irrigation system
 
 
 
To evaluate the poverty outreach of the micro irrigation system
3
Background information
:
In many parts of the world, the demand for available water resources is fast exceeding the supply and competition between the various sectors of the economy for scarce water is becoming intense. In response to these conditions, policymakers, researchers, NGOs and farmers are increasingly pursuing various innovative, technical, institutional and policy interventions to enable the efficient, equitable and sustainable utilization of scarce water resources. Micro irrigation technologies constitute an element of such innovative intervention approaches. Originally, micro irrigation was often associated with the capital-intensive, commercial farms of wealthier farmers. The systems used on large farms, however, are unaffordable for smallholders and are not available in sizes suitable for small plots. Recently, these technologies have gone through technical transformations from largely capital-intensive features to an input mode.
Micro irrigation technologies lead to poverty reduction through substantial increases in farm income due to an increased area of cultivation, better crop yields, enhanced output quality, early crop maturity and hence higher unit prices, and reduced cultivation costs, particularly for operations like irrigation and weeding. Micro irrigation technologies enhance nutritional security by enabling the production and consumption of vegetables, particularly leafy vegetables, which are usually missing in the traditional staple diets of many cultures. There are two lines of thought regarding the water-saving potential of micro irrigation technologies. The first line of argument is that the adoption of micro irrigation technologies results in net water savings, thereby easing the prevailing water-scarcity problems. The water saving is attained through substantial reduction in losses due to evaporation and inefficient field conveyance and distribution systems. For instance, water application can be reduced by 50 to 100 per cent through the drip method of irrigation. This is the declared motive for the state governments of India to embark on the massive popularization of these technologies.
Various studies in India have shown a considerable return to farmers’ investments in micro irrigation technologies (Dhawan 2002; Narayanamoorthy 1997; Narayanamoorthy  2003; Verma et al. 2004). Substantial efforts have been made to disseminate and popularize these technologies. For instance, state governments of India have encouraged private involvement in the manufacturing and distribution of the technologies and adoption by farmers through targeted subsidy schemes. Despite these efforts, however, the area under current micro irrigation systems remains an insignificant proportion of the potential. Thus, finding out why micro irrigation technologies are not disseminating fast and to the extent anticipated is an important research issue.
4
Investigator
:
Prof. H. Y. Maheta,  Assistant Professor
Prof. Kalpesh Kumar, Assistant Professor
Dr. G. V. Prajapati,  Associate Professor
Prof. C. D. Lakhlani, Professor
Prof. M.S. Shitap, Assistant Professor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
   
5
Location
:
Saurashtra Region
6
Year and Season
:
Kharif-2019
7
Methodology
:
As per objectives of the study, purposive sampling techniques will be adopted. Three district from Saurashtra region will be selected based on adopter and non-adopter of MIS. From each district two taluka and two village from each taluka will selected purposively based on the numbers of adopter of MIS. A total of 120 adopter and 120 non-adopter of MIS will be selected for the study. The information will be collected and analyzed with following statistical tools: Chi Square, Logit model and Multidimensional Poverty Index

(B)Export cost estimation and mileage of major commodities of Saurashtra

1
Title of the programme
:
Export cost estimation and mileage of major commodities of Saurashtra
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Objectives
:
To estimate the growth and instability of major commodities of Saurashtra
 
 
 
To estimate the export mileage of major commodities from mudra port to destination port
 
 
 
To developed worksheets for export cost estimation of major commodities
3
Background information
:
India’s agri-exports can be divided into three broad categories, i.e. export of a) raw products, b) semi raw products c) processed and ready-to-eat products. Raw products exported are essentially of low value high volume nature, while semi processed products are of intermediate value and limited volume and processed ready-to-eat products are of high value but low volume nature. The major agri exports of India are cereals (mostly rice - Basmati and non-Basmati), spices, cashew, oilcake/meals, tobacco, tea, coffee and marine products. Value of agri-exports to total exports of the country has been ranging between 15 to 20 per cent.  India’s agri-exports face certain constraints that arise from conflicting domestic policies relating to production, storage, distribution, food security, pricing concerns etc. Unwillingness to decide on basic minimum quantities for export makes Indian supply sources unreliable. Higher domestic prices in comparison to international prices of products of bulk exports like sugar, wheat, rice etc. make our exports commercially less competitive. Market intelligence and creating awareness in international market about quality of products need to be strengthened to boost agricultural exports.
In the era of Global Market Economy and fierce competition, importance of accurate costing of product need not be over – emphasized. In accurate costing can lead to either losing of orders or losing of profits. Export pricing is most important tool for promoting sales and contesting international competition. Exporter has to face domestic producers in the export market, producers in other competing supplying countries and domestic producer’s in one owns country. Costs, Demand and Competition are the three important factors that determine price. The price for export should be as realistic as possible. The exporter has to exclude cost for domestic production which are not applicable for export and add those elements of costs which are relevant to export product. Exporter has to compete with manufacturers formal over the world. Hence, his price has to be realistic considering all export benefits and price in foreign market.
There is no fixed formula for successful export pricing. It differs from exporter to exporter depending upon whether the exporter is a merchant exporter or manufacturer exporter or exporting through canalizing agency. Exporter has to assess the strength of his competitor and anticipate the move of competitor in the market of operation. Exporter can still be competitive with higher prices with better delivery package or added advantage.

 

4
Investigator
:
Prof. Kalpesh Kumar, Assistant Professor
Prof. H. Y. Maheta,  Assistant Professor
Prof. C. D. Lakhlani, Professor
Prof. M.S. Shitap, Assistant Professor
Prof. C. R. Bharodia, Assistant Professor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5
Location
:
Saurashtra Region
6
Year and Season
:
Kharif-2019
7
Methodology
:
As per objectives of the study, Mundra port will be selected purposively to estimate export cost and mileage of six major export commodity to different country destination. 15 exporter of Saurashtra region will be surveyed to develop the detail export cost worksheet. Compound growth rate and instability analysis will be used for analysis of collected information.

(C) A study of management status and business activities of farmer producer organization of Saurashtra Region

1

Title of the programme

:

A study of management status and business activities of farmer producer organization of Saurashtra Region

2

Objectives

:

  1. To assess the current status of the Farmer Producer Organization (FPO) in Saurashtra region.

 

 

 

  1. To examine the business activities of Farmer Producer Organization in Saurashtra region.

 

 

 

  1. To quantify the problems faced by FPOs and mechanism to address such problems.

3

Background information

:

Producer companies can help smallholder farmers participate in emerging high-value markets, such as the export market and the unfolding modern retail sector in India. As elsewhere in the developing world, in India, small farmers’ livelihoods are being threatened due to the liberalization and privatization of Indian agriculture and the increasing interest of private capital in the agribusiness sector. The withdrawal of the state from productive and economic functions, and changes in the organization of marketing channels, present new challenges for small-scale farmers. In this environment of greater instability and competition, organization and collective action can help to enhance farmers’ competitiveness and increase their advantage in emerging market opportunities.

Gujarat is known for its farmer enterprise though it is one of the dry land states of India so far as farming is concerned. But, it grows most of the crops and many cash crops and one of the few states with more area under non-food crops than food crops. It is also known for farmer co-operatives, especially in milk and sugar. It has three clear cropping divisions- south Gujarat for horticulture, north for spices and other high value crops and Saurashtra for cotton and high value crops like mango and groundnut. Therefore, it is not surprising that farmers and NGOs in Gujarat took to the concept of FPO sooner than many other states without any state support. But, surprisingly, not many FPO have come up in the state. At the time of going for this study, there were only less than a dozen FPO in the state.

4

Investigator

:

  1. Prof. C. R. Bharodia, Assistant Professor
  2. Prof. C. D. Lakhlani, Professor
  3. Prof. Kalpesh Kumar, Assistant Professor
  4. Prof. H. Y. Maheta,  Assistant Professor
  5. Prof. M.S. Shitap, Assistant Professor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

Location

:

Saurashtra Region

6

Year and Season

:

Kharif-2019

7

Methodology

:

The study will includes both the survey and the case study methodologies. The data on ownership and management structure of the FPO will be collected through a sample study of FPO across the Saurashtra region. A total 10 FPOs will be selected purposively from Saurashtra region. Details analysis of cost and returns of the individual FPO will be measured.

(D)Women empowerment through milk producers’ cooperative societies in Saurashtra region.

1

Title of the programme

:

Women empowerment through milk producers’ cooperative societies in Saurashtra region.

 

2

Objectives

:

  1. To study the socio economic profile of respondents.
  2. To assess the women empowerment through milk producers cooperative societies.
  3. To study constraints of milk producers cooperative societies.

3

Background information

:

The International Cooperative Alliance (ICA, 2015), defines cooperatives as “autonomous associations of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise.” Empowerment of women is a new ideology for carrying democratic values into the family and society. Empowerment of women means equal status to women, equal ownership of productive resources, increase participation in economic and commercial sections, awareness of their rights and responsibilities. Cooperatives are rendering fruitful services to the society concerned especially to women. Women get recognition in the society and also economic interdependence in the family. Hence, it is needless to say that cooperatives are playing a very important role in the empowerment of women through various schemes. Various NGOs and cooperative societies are involved in women empowerment in rural area of Saurashtra region. Hence, the appraisal of these activities is pertinent and may useful to replicate in other areas of the state also. With this view, the present study assumes its importance. 

4

Investigator

:

  1. Prof. N. M. Thaker, Assistant Professor
  2. Dr. K. A. Khunt, Principal & Dean,
  3. Dr. S. M. Trivedi, Associate Professor
  4. Prof. Jagruti D. Bhatt, Assistant Professor

 

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Location

:

Junagadh

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Year 

:

2019

7

Methodology

:

The present study will be confined to Saurashtra region of Gujarat state.  Three districts will be selected randomly from the Saurashtra region. Five well-functioning milk producers’ cooperative societies will be selected purposively from the three districts. About 100 women members will be selected randomly as respondents from five milk producer’s cooperative societies. The required data will be collected by survey method during the year 2019 through well-structured schedule. The collected data will be analyzed by using simple tabular method and five point Likert scale (from strongly agree to strongly disagree) to achieve the objectives of the study.

(E) Financial Inclusion of Farmers in Saurashtra Region

1

Title of the programme

:

Financial Inclusion of Farmers in Saurashtra Region

2

Objectives

:

  1. To study the socio-economic profile of farmers
    1. To examine the status of financial inclusion of farmers
    2. To identify the factors affecting financial inclusion of farmers

3

Background information

:

Indian economy witnessed tremendous changes in the past years. The government has been trying hard to make finance accessible to one and all on an equitable basis and has initiated a number of reforms to accomplish the growth of inclusive growth. The inclusive growth approach was aimed to bridge the gap between economy and society by integrating the divergence that existed between rural and urban, rich and poor and one section of the economy with the other. Financial inclusion is one way to promote the objective of inclusive growth through the provision of easy access of financial services among the most disadvantaged sections of the society. The PMJDY scheme of 2014 can be seen as the major effort to promote financial inclusion in India. The scheme aims at increased access to basic services like savings, remittance, credit, insurance and pension in an affordable manner. Further, agriculture is an important economic sector in India which is more than an occupation for rural India and majority of the rural India depends on agriculture for their livelihood. Out of about 156 million rural households in country, about 90.2 million are agricultural households. The most important point to note here is credit as an important indirect input is required by them to carry on the farm production. In this context, study of access to financial services by rural farmers is a need of an hour.Gujarat is one of the low financially included states with 33 districts but there is no study as such based on micro-level data. Therefore, an in-depth study on the financial inclusion status at a more disaggregated level would provide further information on the financial inclusion status in Saurashtra Region reinforcing existing research.

4

Principal investigator

:

  1. Dr. S. M. Trivedi
  2. Prof. J. D. Bhatt
  3. Prof. N. M. Thaker
  4. Dr. K. A. Khunt

5

Location

:

Saurashtra Region

6

Year

:

2019

7

Methodology

:

The proposed study will confined to Saurashtra region. The simple random sampling technique will be used to select three districts from Saurashtra Region. At the second stage 40 farmers from each district will be selected. Thus total sample size will be of 120 farmers. The primary data will be collected through the well prepared questionnaire. The data will be analysed using descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression model.