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Fisheries Research Station

Junagadh Agricultural University

Port Okha– 361350 Dist : Jamnagar

Year of Establishment : 1969
Location :
Port Okha is a coastal town in Devbhumi Dwarka district of Gujarat state in India.Geographically it is location in between 220 28’0 N 690 4’0’ E. It is a peninsular place, situated on a narrow strip of land and surrounded by sea on three sides;Gulf of Kutch on north-east side and Arabian Sea on west side. It has a sandy beach on Arabian Sea coast.It has a sea port on the lee side. Historically it was the first port on west coast of India. Indian Navy, Indian Coastguard, Indian Customs, Gujarat marine police and Marine Police Academy have their operational command centre at Okha.
Historical Importance:
Port Okha is linked to Dwarka situated some 32 km south, which is one of the foremost “Chardhams” place and is one of the “Sapta Puri – Dwarawati” in the country. Bet Dwarka is an inhabited island at mouth of Gulf of Kutch situated 3 km (2 mi) off the coast of Okha.
     12 kilometers wide belt of Arabian Sea right from Okha, Dwarka, Salaya and Alang till Jodiya is full of mysterious sea life. The southern Gulf between Okha to Navlakhi of Devbhumi Dwarka and Jamnagar districts is the Marine National Park (110 sq. km.) & Marine Sanctuary (270 sq. km. from Okha to Jodhya), comprising (MNP&S) areas of 7,000 ha off Okha in the west and 4,000 ha off Jamnagar to the east.
    The MNPS supports considerable species diversity. One study reported a total of 1,127 species of flora and fauna in the MPA (The Gulf of Kutch Marine National Park and Sanctuary: A Case Study by Nilanjana Biswas). These include molluscs (including auspicious, divine and sacred conch shells “Shankh” species Turbinella pyrum/Xancus pyrum- Varity Obsetusa), turtles and marine mammals: dolphins, whales etc. There are many species of fishes, commercially important prawn, crabs, sea snakes, sea horse, Sea anemones, Jelly Fishes, Starfishes, octopus, oysters, hard and soft corals, sponges, brown, green and red algae, etc. The floral property and richness of this place is next to none in the world.
    Port Okha is spread over in 5 Km2 area. The main occupation is fishing and allied business here. There are 20 coastal villages near buy Okha and Dwarka among these Okha and Dwarka are two major and important marine fish landing centers of the State. In Okha, approximately 500 to 600 local boats and 2500 to 3000 migratory boats (OBM and IBM) from different coastal districts of Gujarat are engaged in fishing. In which approximately 25000 to 30000 fisherman are involved and directly employed in fishing activities. The major catches comprised of Sciaenida (Croaker/Dhoma), Pampus Sp. (Promfret), Trichiurus sp. (Ribbon fish), Polynemidae (threadfin/Dara), Sciaenidea (jew fish/Ghol: Protonibea diacanthus), Perch, Scromberoides, Tuna, Mullets, Shrimps, Lobster, Crabs etc.
   The huge marine Saltworks situated nearby is good source of Artemia which is widely used in hatchery and other microorganisms like Dunaliella containing β-carotenoids are valuable and worth exploring for experimentation.
     Fisheries Research Station located on the northern side of Okha Township on seashore is very crucial because of geographical location and the site is very rich in marine flora and fauna diversity.
Establishment History of Fisheries Research Station-Okha:

     This research station initially established during 1969 by Ministry of Fisheries, Government of Gujarat, was named as “Marine Biological Research Station” (MBRS) basically. The main objective was to carry out survey of pelagic and demersal fishery resources along with effect of industrial effluents on the biota of the affected area and research.

    On 29th February 1992 (afternoon) this MBRS was transferred and handed over to Gujarat Agricultural University, Sardar Krushi Nagar, Datiwada.  Than after, MBRS is named and recognized as “Fisheries Research Station” (FRS), which has started functioning from 1st March 1992. Most of the research and extension activities and infrastructure were transferred to GAU except mechanized boats and resource survey scheme.

     As a result of bifurcation of Gujarat Agricultural University in to four different Agricultural Universities in 2004, this FRS is functioning under Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh.

Present Staff Position at Fisheries Research Station, Port-Okha :
Sr. No.
Fisheries Research,
Non-Plan Scheme B.H.:7401
Dr. Mukesh Purshotambhai Patel
I/C. Research Officer & 
Assistant Research Officer
Dr. Maheshkumar Kantilal Bhalala
Senior Research Assistant
Jigneshkumar Ramjibhai Valvi
Junior Clerk
M. Tech.
Joined on 10/08/2021 on Fix Pay

Approved staff Position and Vacant Post at Fisheries Research Station, Okha:

Sr. No.
Designation of Approved post or position
Number of approved post/position
Filled Post
Vacant post
Fisheries Research
Non-Plan Scheme B.H.:7401
Research Officer

Vacant from 01/12/2022

Assistant Research Officer
M. P. Patel is working
Superintendent of Fisheries
Senior Research Assistant
M. K. Bhalala is working
Retired, Vacant from 01/11/18
Senior clerk
Junior clerk
J. R. Valvi Joined on 10/08/2021 and
S. R. Patel Resigned
Laboratory assistant
T. V. Kandoria transferred
Field man
M. H. Murim is transferred, working on pull.
Retired, Vacant from 01/01/19
Retired, Vacant
Establishment Of Industrial Training Institute (ITI)
Plan Scheme B.H.:12417
Instructor (fisheries)
The Scheme is under COF, KU, Veraval and so now inactive.


Research projects and schemes – ongoing  :
Sl. No.
Scheme & Budget head
Details of the activities and projects
Non Plan: B.H.: 7401:
Matsya Sanshodhan Yojana.
Study of Bio-assay Test on Industrial effluent released in Marine Coastal area.
Plan Scheme: B. H.: 12950
Establishment & Development of Research in Fisheries at Okha.
·  Seed production of mud crab Scylla serrata in hatchery.
·  Effect of dressing on quality parameters of dry salted croaker Otolithes cuvieri during chill storage.
·  Antibacterial activity of selected red Seaweed against aquaculture pathogenic bacteria.
· Determination of mineral and proximate composition of some phaeophyceae seaweeds available at seacoast of Okha.
·   Effect of gamma irradiation on the quality of sun-dried Bombay duck (Harpodon nehereus).
Other Activities:
·    Live feed culture.
·    Freshwater Ornamental fish culture.
·  Preparation of seaweed greeting cards and sheets.
·    Lobster and Crab stuffing.
Plan Scheme: B. H.: 12581
Feasibility of mass culture of marine red alga Kappaphycus alvarezii (Shchimitz) on the Saurashtra region, west coast of India.
·  Cultivation of marine red alga Kappaphycus sp.
·  Preparation of Seaweed Liquid fertilizer for agriculture.
Plan Scheme: B. H.: 12901
Strengthening of Extension Program in Fisheries at Okha.
·   Training on “Preparation of liquid seaweed fertilizer and its uses”.
·   Demonstration of seaweed cultivation on site.
·   Preparation of seaweed greeting cards.
·   Training on lobster and crab stuffing.
· Training on various freshwater and marine water Aquaculture practices.
· Training on harvest and post-harvest technology.
·    Training on processing and value addition. 
Marine biologically important specimens of academic, research and ecological interest are displayed in the museum. The collection is one of the largest comprised of marine fauna. Many visitors, UG/PG students, extension workers and researchers from all over the India avail the benefits of the marine treasure.
B. H.: 12417
Industrial Training Institute (ITI).
The Scheme is now under CoF, Kamdhanu University, Veraval & so it is at present inoperative at this station, JAU.
Brief Achievements:
·   Repeated spawning in commercially important shrimp P. indicus.
·   Induced maturation and spawning of P. monodon in captivity.
·   Encouraging results in Agricultural crops (Groundnut) by the application of Seaweed Liquid Fertilizer.
·   Successful completion of study of Biometrics of mullet (Mugil cephalus) with a recommendation for fishermen community. Recommendation was included in Fisheries Act, 2003, Gujarat.
·  Sea ranching of green turtle (Chelonia mydas) and Olive ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) for natural population recruitment. 600 new born babies have been sea ranched in between 1995-2000 for protecting and preserving the endangered species of sea turtles (Schedule I species).
·   Successful mass scale Kappaphycus cultivation at Okha; 5-7 fold growth were achieved in 45 days.










































Photographs of Different activities and Products:

Kappaphycus alvarezii Raft in the sea
Fully matured seaweed Mass scale seaweed cultivation
Seaweed Sargassum spp. collection and Drying
Liquid seaweed Fertilizer produced from seaweed Sargassum spp.
Seaweed Greeting Cards
Seaweed Herbarium Sheets
Dried and stuffed Crab Dried and stuffed Lobster
Other agency projects – Completed in 2018
(Funded By Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services)
Sl. No.
Scheme & Budget head
Details of the project and objectives
Non Plan: B.H.: 18025-04
Effect of Optically Active Substances on diversity in Phytoplankton Community Structure off Gujarat.
  • Long term measurements of bio-optical and physico-chemical parameters.
  • To create seasonal libraries for local phytoplankton community structure.
  • Understanding the impact of hydrography on ecology and distribution of Phytoplankton community structure.
  • Understanding the impact of active substances, such as CDOM and TSM, on estimation of Phytoplankton concentration from satellite.
  • Capacity building for ecological studies at College of Fisheries &/or Okha Research Centre (JAU), Veraval
Plan Scheme: B. H.: 18025-04  
Ocean state forecastvalidation and research (off Okha and Veraval coast of Gujarat).
  • To establish a coastal observatory-wave rider buoy to start with (Data generated from this rider buoy will provide scientific information about oceanic forecast.)
  • To validate the sea state forecast for Rupen/Okha coasts, Gujarat.
  • To disseminate sea-state forecast to sea-farers and coastal population via various models and create awareness about the same.
  • To conduct user interaction and awareness meetings.
  • To help improve existing models and provide logistic in strengthening existing array of observations for both.
Brief Achievements:-
  • Approx. 3000 mobile numbers of fishermen community were taken and registered with INCOIS & Reliance foundation (Transmission partner of OSF). AText message and voice message transmitted to users on daily basis.
  • The message showing one day prior forecast of waves (wave direction & wave height) wind (wind velocity & wind direction) for 0 to 20 km and 20-50 km from shore of Okha at about 15:00 hrs. is being transmitted in Gujarati language to registered mobile user fishermen on daily basis.
  • The message for Potential Fishing Zone showing location (latitude & longitude), distance from Okha shore and depth of location where fish catch is supposed to be in large amount is being transmitted in Gujarati language to registered mobile user fisherman on regular basis.
Wave rider buoy deployed in sea Forecast by SMS

Infrastructure and major equipment available:

The Fisheries Research Station at Okha is having two different adjoining campus.

The main office campus:is speeded over in approx. 17000 Sq. Mtr. area in which office, library, Training hall/conference room, museum, laboratory, hatchery, store, water storage tanks/ponds and pumping, rearing ponds, filters etc. are available in the main office campus.

There are totally 43 quarters (A: category-10, B: category- 12, C: category- 16, D: category–4 and E: catogery-1) are available with FRS, Okha, out of which 09 quarters (E: catogory-1 quarter, A: category- 4 quarters and C: category- 4 quarters) located in the main office campus.

The second campus-Staff residential quarter campus:is spreader over in approx. 8400 Sq. Mt. area and having totally 34 quarters (A: category- 6 quarters, B: category- 12 quarters, C: category-12 quarters and D: category – 4 quarters) also located in this main office campus. Out of these 34 quarters, 30 quarters ( A: category – 6, B: category- 12 and C: category -12 quarters) are allotted to IG/ Director (Research), Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D), Government of India, Ministry Of Home Affairs, New Delhi for National Academy for Coastal Security (NACS) on 7th Feb. 2018 on temporary basis.

Office Campus View Staff Quarter Campus View
Office Building Library
Major Equipment:
BOD incubator, Bacteriological incubator, Laminar flow, Fat extraction soxhlet, Deep freeze, Mufflel furnace, Vacuum oven, Oven, Wet grinder, Autoclave, Centrifuge, Microscope etc. are available with this center.
Pollution Laboratory, Processing laboratory, Algal culture laboratory, Biotechnology and Tissue culture laboratory etc. are facilities at this center.
Pollution analysis Lab Pollution analysis Lab
Processing Lab Processing Lab
1. Research Papers Published by the Faculty: 26
2. Booklet, Pamphlet and useful Articles: 8
Transfer of Technologies / Extension Activities:
1. Seaweed liquid fertilizer Preparation techniques.
2. Seaweed greeting card Preparation techniques.
3. Techniques for Stuffing of crab and Lobster.
4. On site demonstration of Seaweed cultivation.
List of Recommendations / Scientific Information :

Recommendation for scientific community: (2019)

  • Total 19 copepod species were recorded from coastal areas of Okha mandal. Eight species of calanoid copepods mainly Eucalanus elongatus, Calanus minor and Paracalanus parvus; five species of harpacticoid copepods mainly Longipedia weberi, Microsetella norvegica and six species of cyclopoid copepods mainly Oncea venusta and Oithana similis were recorded. Higher copepod diversity was found in Okha area followed by Mithapur and Dwarka. Higher diversity was found in monsoon season followed by winter and least in summer. Macrosetella gracilis and Oithanabrevi cornis were found culture potential.
  • The highest % agar yield 17.98 + 1.87 was observed in Gracilaria corticata among the Rhodophyceae species available at Okha coast. The highest gel strength (63.46 + 2.66 g/cm2) of agar was observed in Gracilaria verucosa among Rhodophyceae species available at Okha coast. Among the phaeophycean species available at Okha coast, highest (40.21 + 1.95) % alginic acid content was observed in Sargassum wightii.
  • From the seaweed available at Okha coast, the highest in vitro antioxidant potential was observed in Sargassumjohnstoniiwith the value of1.72 + 0.22 DPPH (2,2, Diphenyl-1-Picrylhydrazy) activity Eq. mM Ascorbic acid/g FW.
  • The brackish water shrimp growing farmers are recommended to stock Littopenaeus vannameishrimp seeds @ 25 pc/m2 to obtain better survival, growth and economical return. (2018)
  • Litopenaeus vannamei Shrimp Seed Litopenaeus vannamei Adult Shrimp
  • The fisherman/suppliers are recommended to give 20 % Aloe vera gel extract dip treatment for 30 minutes before chill storage of Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta) for better quality up to 15 days shelf-life. (2018)

Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta) Aloe vera used for treatment 
  • Hatchery entrepreneurs are recommended to use 15 ppt salinity water for larval (zoea and mysis) rearing and 20 ppt salinity water for post larval (PL1 to PL20) rearing of Penaeus monodon (2015).
Shrimp Larvae Shrimp seed
  • Fish farmers of Saurashtra are recommended to feed gray mullet Mugil cephalus fry reared in seawater with 35% protein incorporated diet in first 45 days for obtaining higher growth and survival. (2014)
  • The fish farmers of Saurashtra are recommended that the fry of cultivable mullet species M. Cephalus are available abundantly, during February at Rupen and Harshad creeks ; M. Seheli during October-November at Khatumba and M. Parsia during August-September at Rupen and Harshad Creeks. (2013)
  • Thirteen species of rotifers are found in Okhamandal region. They are found in higher diversity as well as quantity in Surajkaradi pond and Gomati creek than seacoast areas in Okhamandal region in monsoon and post monsoon seasons. Rotifers are more abundant in less salinity. (2012)
  • Finfish/crustacean hatchery entrepreneurs are recommended to use 15 to 20 ppt salinity water at 25oC to achieve higher production of rotifer, Brachionus rotundiformis in 10 days. (2011)
  • It is recommended that carrageenana yielding marine alga Kappaphycus alvarezii can be grown profitably in Okha mandal region and fivefold growth can be achieved in 45 days from January onwards. (2011).
  • Among the available red seaweed (Rhodophyceae) species of Gulf of Kutch, maximum iodine content is found in Asperogopsis entestinalis (555 mg/100 gm DW) followed by Rhodomenis australis (151 mg/100 gm DW).(for Scientific community). (2011)
  • It is recommended to salt farmers and aquaculturist of coastal Saurashtra region to use 160 ppt salinity of sea water as a rearing medium for Artemia (Artemia fransiscana) to obtain higher cysts production.(2010)
Artemia Cysts
  • It is recommended to incorporate probiotics (Lactobacillus acidophilus) @ 20% in feed during culture of shrimp for higher production (2007)
  • It is recommend that the 20% Prosopis juliflora pod powder, incorporated along with fish meal-10%, soyabean meal-40%, wheat Bran-15% and cotton seed oil cake-15% in pellated feed is better for higher production as well as survival rate in mullet fish culture. (2007)
  • It is recommended to scientific community and fishermen that gravid female (Length 375mm & above) and male (Length 341mm & above) of Mugil seheli are available in coastal sea water of Okha mandal region, during its major breeding season late August to September and minor breeding season February. In order to maintain the population of M. seheli, Fishermen of Okha Mandal region should not catch the fish during this period”. (2005)
  • Recommendation is made for the farmers to use 3.5 % of liquide seaweed fertilizer made up of Sargassum Spp” gives good yield in groundnut variety GG-2.(2005)
  • To maintain the population of Mugil cephalus in natural water, the recommendation is made for the fishermen of Saurashtra region that the mesh size of gear (gill net) should be more than 93 mm as the fish obtain first maturity when the circumference of head was 189 mm. This will provide a chance of spawning high fecundity fish at least once in its life cycle. Moreover fishermen should not catch the fish at the time of breeding season (Dec-Jan.). (2002).
Future Outlook
  • Development of seed production of economically important marine shell fish and fin fish.
  • Development of marine aquarium fish breeding technology.
  • Culture techniques of economically important seaweed like Alginophytes, Agarophytes and Carrageenophytes.
  • Establishment of a centre for forecasting biomass (fish intensity) for marine fishermen in collaboration with related research institutes.
  • Cage culture of economically important marine fishes and crustacean like Lobsters, crabs etc in protected bays and lagoons.
  • Establishment of center of excellence-Advanced training center at Okha.
Dr. Mukeshkumar P. Patel
I/C. Research Officer
Fisheries Research Station,
Junagadh Agricultural University,
Near Shri Khodiyar Mataji Old Temple
Port - Okha- 361 350
Dist.: Devbhumi Dwarka,
St.: Gujarat, India
Phone (O): 02892-262056
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.