Accounts

MOUs

Visitors Counter

05820750

CATTLE BREEDING FARM

JUNAGADH AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY

JUNAGADH

Cattle Breeding Farm was established in the year 1920 by the then Nawab of Junagadh State. After independence it was transferred to Government of Saurashtra and to Government of Gujarat in 1960. Later when Gujarat Agricultural University was created in 1972 the farm was transferred to the University. With the tetrafurcation of Gujarat Agricultural University in 2004, the farm was now under jurisdiction of Junagadh Agricultural University.
Introduction :
Cattle Breeding Farm ,Junagadh Agricultural University is the largest and oldest organized farm maintaining purebred herds of Gir cows and Jaffrabadi buffaloes. The farm is involved in conservation , improvement and advancement of Gir cattle and jaffrabadi buffaloes through research programs such as Progeny Testing programme, Establishment of elite herds of gird cows and Jaffrabadi buffaloes , Network project and All India Coordinated research Projects. Gir herd of the farm was as old as 1920, but Jaffrabadi herd was added to the farm in the year1978.
           At present the farm is housing 552 Gir and 220 Jaffrabadi animals, respectively. The farm is also actively involved in breed improvement of field animals through field progeny testing programme and supply of breeding bulls (around 20 bulls annually) as well as frozen semen doses of high genetic merit to Field all centers, Gram Panchayats, Gaushalas, Religious and Government agencies. Animals of this research station won Prizes at the livestock shows and in Milk yield competitions at State and National levels.
Mandate :
            Conservation and improvement of Gir cows and Jaffrabadi buffaloes at the Research station as well as in the field and applied research in Animal Science.
Objectives :
State Funded Research Projects:  
  1. Maintenance  and improvement of purebred Gir cows and Jaffrabadi buffaloes through selective breeding
  2. Evaluation of Gir bulls for their genetic merit through Progeny Testing Programme.
  3. Supply of superior germplasm (Breeding bulls as well as frozen semen doses) for improvement of the breed in the surrounding areas.
  4. Establishment elite herds of Gir cows and jaffrabadi buffaloes on the farm
  5. Extension of Artificial insemination services by establishing all centers
  6. Dissemination of scientific information to dairy farmers of the region during their visits to the farm and during field visits of the Scientists.
ICAR Funded Research Projects :
  1. Establishment of Frozen semen processing laboratory
  2. Associated herd testing programme in Gir cattle and affrabadi buffaloes incorporating farmer’s herds and goshalas of Saurashtra region.
RKVY funded Projects :  
  1. Enrichment of agricultural wastes for utilization as animal feed and recycling of organic wastes into biogas.
  2. Production and supply of clean milk.
Scientific Staff :
Sr.
Name and Designation
Qualification
Discipline
1
Dr.P.U.Gajbhiye
Research Scientist(Animal Genetics) and Head
Ph.D
Animal Genetics
2
Dr.K.S.Murthy
Research Scientist(P)
Ph.D
Animal Nutrition
3
Dr.K.Ravikala
Professor(P)
Ph.D
Livestock Production
4
Dr.K.S.Dutta
Research Scientist(P)
Ph.D
Animal Nutrition
5
Dr.K.V.Kalathiya
Research Scientist(P)
Ph.D
Horticulture
6
Dr.S.N.Ghodasara
Assistant Research Scientist
M.V.Sc
Microbiology
7
Shri B.L.Parmar
M.Sc
Extension Education
8
Shri J.B.Kotadiya
M.Sc
Extension Education
9
Dr.A.R.Ahlawat
M.V.Sc
Animal Reproduction
Research Schemes under operation at Cattle Breeding Farm :
Sr.
Name of the Scheme
Budget Head
Non –Plan Schemes
1.
Research in Cattle Breeding Farm
5302
2
Livestock Research Station
5353
3
Progeny Testing Programme in Gir Cattle
6316
4
Livestock Inspector’s Training centre
7253
5
National Agricultural Research Project-Phase-II-Junagadh
9091-9-J
6
National Agricultural Research Project-Phase-II-Jonopur
9091-9-Z
Plan Schemes
7
Establishment of elite herds of Gir cows and Jaffrabadi buffaloes
10303-05
8
Strengthening of Livestock Inspector’s Training centre 
10253
9
Establishment of Mobile Ambulatory Veterinary Clinic at Junagadh
10318
10
Establishment of Artificial Insemination centres in Saurashtra
10319
11
Integrated Farming System( Integrated Farming combining crop- Livestock  bio-resources) at Junagadh
10303-14
12
Strengthening of Livestock and Veterinary component at Junagadh
10953
13
Creation of additional posts as per supreme court order
10712-06
ICAR Schemes
14
Network pfoject on Jaffrabadi buffaloes
2305-03
15
Germplasm Unit(Gir)
2303-08
16
Data Recording Unit ( Gir)
2303-08
Centrally Sponsored Scheme
17
Strengthening of Feed Testing Laboratory at Junagadh
 
Research Projects completed at Cattle Breeding Farm :
Sr.
Title of the research project
Principal Investigator
Co-PI
Duration
1
Survey of Animal Genetic resources of Jaffrabadi buffaloes
Dr.K.R.Tajane
Dr.K.S.Dutta
23-02-1996 to
31-03-1998
2
Survey of Animal Genetic resources of Gir cattle
Dr.K.R.Tajane
Shri.H.B.Gardharia
09-08-1998 to
31-05-2000
3
Utilization of groundnut gotar as a potential roughage source in Gir cows
Dr.K.S.Murthy
Dr.K.S.Dutta
 
4
Identification and development of perinneal forage groundnut for developing underutilized cultivable wastelands of coastal saline areas of Gujarat
Dr.Ratnakumar
(Directorate of Groundnut Research,Junagadh)
Dr.K.S.Murthy
 
5
Studies on development of suitable silvopasture system for improving livestock productivity in rainfed region
Dr.K.S.Dutta
Dr.K.S.Murthy
01-07-2000 to
30-05-2004
6
Enrichment of agricultural wastes for enhancing nutritive value in Gir and Jaffrabadi animals and recycling of animal wastes for promoting organic farming
Dr.P.U.Gajbhiye
Dr.K.S.Murthy
09-11-2009 to
31-03-2012
7
Development of modules for precision dairy farming for Gir and Jaffrabadi animals
Dr.P.U.Gajbhiye
Dr.K.S.Murthy
08-0-7-2010 to
31-03-2012
Research Recommendations :
           Fifteen  recommendations and scientific informations  have been passed for farming community, Forest department, dairy entrepreneurs and scientific communities which are as follows :
  1. Groundnut gotar in combination with wheat straw (40: 60) forms an excellent roughage source for    lactating cows without affecting dry matter and nutrients intake and digestibility of nutrients and  balances of nitrogen, phosphorus and calcium of the whole rations. Milk yield, FCM yield and composition of milk were also not significantly affected due to the inclusion of varying levels of groundnut gotar and wheat straw.The cost of feeding per day, cost of feeding per kg. milk production and per kg. FCM production was Rs. 26.64,3.39 and 3.21 respectively at 40% inclusion in the ration of lactating Gir cows.
  2. Inclusion of groundnut gotar at 40% levels in the ration for the growing Gir calves sustained growth rate up to 497.17 without significantly affecting the biometry, dry matter and nutrients intake and digestibilities of nutrients of the whole ration. The cost of feeding per day and cost of feeding per kg. live weight gain were Rs. 14.31 and RS. 27.71 respectively at 40% inclusion in the ration indicating  the potentials and economic use of groundnut gotar in the ration of growing Gir calves.
  3. Farmers and Livestock owners of Saurashtra are recommended that in the ration of Gir heifers, inclusion of 4% urea treated wheat bhusa in place of groundnut gotar results in 19% higher live weight gain at 23% lower cost of feeding.
  4. A ration containing jowar straw and ground nut gotar in 70:30 ratios can sustain the maintenance   function in Gir bullocks with positive effect on body weight maintenance, digestibilities of nutrients and    balances of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Calcium.
  5. Milk replacer containing the following ingredients is useful to replace 50 % of milk for feeding weaned Gir calves without any adverse effect on body growth. Ingredient composition for one kg. milk replacer is wheat flour-100 g., soya bean meal  ,120 g., groundnut meal 400 g. skim milk powder-130 g., coconut oil-100 g,butyric acid  -3 g. molasses -100 g, mineral mixture-32 g and citric acid-15 g.
  6. Feeding of 4 % urea treated what straw as sole roughage source to lactating Gir cows could sustain milk production upto 3.4 lits / day economically with 139 per cent higher returns compared to feeding ad lib. Wheat straw and 5 kg green jowar fodder /cow/day.
  7. Under rain fed South Saurashtra agro-climatic condition, reseeded and sown   pastures comprising of legumes Stylosanthes hamata and Stylosanthes scabra and grasses Cenchrus ciliaris and Dicanthium coricosum yielded 1.26 and 2.78 tonnes higher dry matter / hectare respectively, over natural pasture, resulting in higher net economic gain in terms of pasture and protein yield. Patanwadi  lambsgrazing on sown pasture had higher growth rate and significantly (p<0.01)lower age at first lambing.
  8. Under Rainfed agroclimate situation of South Saurashtra, Tree Species-Azadirechta indica, Acacia nilotica, Ziziphus mauritiana   and Tectona grandis have fairly good survival and growth rate on barren,degraded and wasteland. Therefore, these tree species can be planted to conserve, afforestate and improve such land.
  9. On a large farm of Gir cattle in South-Saurashtra region, herd structure of 330-345 heads with 100-110 (30-33%) cows, 65-70 (18-21%) breedable heifers  and 245-250 (72-75%) total female proportion in the herd is optimum to achieve higher wet average (7.3-7.7 lit), herd average (4.2-4.7 lit), % milch cows  (55-60%) and higher return over feed cost (140%) in the herd.
  10. Dairy farmers/gaushalas of Gir herd in South-Saurashtra region desiring to improve herd performance and return should set optimum targets of herd performance traits of 7.6 lit. wet average, 4.3 lit. herd average and more than 64% milch cows for economical and sustainable dairy farming.
  11. Dairy farmers of large herd of Gir cattle in South-Saurashtra region should set age at first calving of 44 months and calving interval of 14 months as targets to improve these traits for maximum return. They can maintain Gir cows up to 8 lactations for economical dairy farming, however, high yielding cows may be maintained for more than 8 lactations also.
  12. Dairy farmers of large herd of Jaffrabadi buffaloes in South-Saurashtra region should set age at first calving of 47 months and calving interval of 15 months as targets to improve these traits for maximum return. They can maintain Jaffrabadi buffaloes up to 6 lactations for economical dairy farming, however, high yielding buffaloes may be maintained for more than 6 lactations also.
  13. Maintaining an established breeding herd of an average of 110 Gir cows in South Saurashtra region results in an average of 388 (i.e., 400) total heads, 260 total adult units and 72% total female population with 85 (22%) breedable heifers, 80 (21%) growing females below 2 years of age and 63 (57% total cows) milch cows with wet average of 6.8 lit., herd average of 3.8 lit. and return of 116% over feed cost. Herd structure and performance vary significantly by year. Month significantly influences calving rate and herd average. Wet average (7.0-7.4 vs 6.1-6.3 lit), herd average (4.2-4.3 vs 3.3-3.4 lit) and % milch cows (57-60 vs 54-55%) remain higher from March to May and lower during August-September months. Performance traits show negative trend with number of cows, total breedable females and total heads present in the herd. Hence, optimum herd structure should be maintained for higher performance and return.
  14. Maintaining an established breeding herd of an average of 110 Gir cows in South Saurashtra region results in an average of 388 (i.e., 400) total heads, 260 total adult units and 72% total female population with 85 (22%) breedable heifers, 80 (21%) growing females below 2 years of age and 63 (57% total cows) milch cows with wet average of 6.8 lit., herd average of 3.8 lit. and return of 116% over feed cost. Herd structure and performance vary significantly by year. Month significantly influences calving rate and herd average. Wet average (7.0-7.4 vs 6.1-6.3 lit), herd average (4.2-4.3 vs 3.3-3.4 lit) and % milch cows (57-60 vs 54-55%) remain higher from March to May and lower during August-September months. Performance traits show negative trend with number of cows, total breedable females and total heads present in the herd. Hence, optimum herd structure should be maintained for higher performance and return.
  15.  Average milk production of Gir cows increased with increase in parity and reached peak of 2300 lit. of 300-d milk yield in 5th lactation. In subsequent lactations also, 300-d lactation milk yield remained between 1950 and 2100 lit. up to 8th lactation which indicated high persistency of production over parity. Productive life of cows averaged 8.5 years (i.e., 3108 days) with 10,000 lit. life-time milk production with an average of 4.3 calvings during lifetime. iii) About 19 % Gir cows remained in the herd for more than 12 years of age (on an average 14.6 years) and more than 25 % of cows performed in the herd for more than 6 lactations. Hence, breeding goals of 44 months of age at first calving and 14 months of calving interval may be set for Gir cattle.
  16. In organized large dairy herd of Jaffrabadi buffaloes in South Saurashtra region- i) Over-all breeding efficiency, lactation efficiency, age at first calving, calving interval and lactation period of Jaffrabadi buffaloes averaged 79.0±1.5 %, 58.2±1.6 %, 1656.7±28.6 (54.3 month), 541.9±7.9 (17.8 month) and 291.9±5.0 days, respectively. About 28 % of heifers calved for the first time below the average age of 47 month and 31 % of buffaloes calved at an average calving interval of 15 months. ii) Average milk production of Jaffrabadi buffaloes increased with increase in parity and reached peak of 1900 lit. of 300-d milk yield in 4th lactation. In subsequent lactations also, 300-d lactation milk yield remained between 1700 and 1800 lit. upto 6th lactation which indicated high persistency of production over parity. Productive life of buffaloes averaged 10.1 years (i.e., 3701 days) with 8500 lit. life-time milk production with an average of 4.7 calvings during life-time. iii) About 20 % Jaffrabadi buffaloes remained in the herd for more than 12 years of age (on an average 16.6 years) and more than 38 % of these animals performed in the herd for more than 6 lactations. Hence, breeding goals of 47 months of age at first calving and 15 months of calving interval may be set for Jaffrabadi buffaloes.
Research Publications :
International Journals                                                                    : 3
National Journals                                                                          : 28
Research papers presented in International conferences                 : 05
Abstracts presented in national and international conferences         : 52
Publications for dairy farmers :
Twelve publications in the form of folders and popular articles.
Awards and pride animals  :
  1. Jaffrabdai bull of this centre won the first prize at in India Livestock Show held at Bharatpur,Rajasthan in February ,1991
  2. Jaffrabadi buffalo “Punjeswari “ of this research station won the first prize in All India Livestock show held at Delhi in April 1989.
  3. Gir cow(Devika) won the first prize of Rs 400/- in the state level milk yield  competitions held in Junagadh in May 2005.
  4. Gir cow(Bhavika) of this centre provided to Akshar Purshottam goshala ,Sarangpur won the first prize in Milk yield  competition organized by state Government in May 2004.
  5. Jaffrabadi Buffalo bull-Gajanan won second prize at Tarnetar pashu mela in May 2007.
Salient achievements :
  1. Breed descriptors were developed for Gir and Jaffrabadi breeds
  2. Thirteen sets of Gir bulls (each set consisting of five bulls) were progeny tested. More than 850 bulls of high genetic worth were supplied to various villages of Saurashtra region for improving field animals.
  3. On the farm, 37.93 % of Gir cows and 28.99% Jaffrabadi buffaloes are of elite category producing an average lactation yield of 3507 and 3560 liters, respectively.  
  4. Full pledged frozen freezing laboratory was established and is freezing semen doses of Gir and Jaffrabadi bulls.
  5. Twelve Artificial Insemination centers were established in Saurashtra region under the supervision of this research centre and these centers are manned by trained AI workers to cater the needs of dairy farmers of the villages surrounding the centers.
  6. Two batches of “Gopal Mitras”were trained for artificial insemination activities of the region.
  7. This research station trained and awarded one year certificate to 362 students and two years certificate to 95 students, respectively.
  8. This research station serves as a model dairy farm for farmers of the Saurashtra region making it an important aspect of their visit.
  9. With an aim to supply clean and pasteurized milk to residents of the campus a mini dairy plant with a capacity of 200litres/hour was established under RKVY. The plant is commissioned and milk supply is done now in Polythene pack.
  10. A roughage processing plant to process roughage into pellets and roughage blocks was commissioned under RKVY. Under this scheme wheat straw ,otherwise unused by livestock owners , and groundnut haulms are processed into blocks as well as pellets to reduce the bulk density and fed to farm animals.
Success stories :
  1. Success story from the results of Silvopasture project was prepared on a farmer named Kara Ala of Jonepur village.
  2. From the artificial insemination work and its success under field conditions in the area of AI centers established by this research station, a success story was prepared.
  3. Two success stories are under preparation on roughage processing plant and mini dairy plant established under RKVY.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Advertisements