Accounts

MOUs

Visitors Counter

06249800

Articles

Office of the Research Scientist (Chickpea)

Pulses Research Station

Junagadh Agricultural University

Junagadh – 362 001

Year of Establishment : 1965-66
INTRODUCTION :
At present, this center is working as a mandatory center for chickpea crop and is also working as testing and verifying center for MULLaRP crops. This station is working as a sub-station for AICRP on pigeonpea from the year 2001. The center is engaged with the research in plant breeding, agronomy, entomology and plant pathology disciplines with respect to chickpea, pigeonpea, mungbean and urdbean. Chickpea trials are being formulated and seeds are regularly supplied from this station to all the sub stations of the state. Moreover this center is also collaborating with ICAR and other agencies. We are also cooperating with ICRISAT for chickpea and pigeonpea improvement programme.
MANDATE :
  1. Collection, evaluation and maintenance of germplasm of different pulse crops like chickpea, pigeonpea, mungbean and urdbean.
  2. Development of varieties of above crops with high yield potential, better grain quality and tolerance to different biotic and abiotic stress.
  3. Development of  location specific production and protection technologies.
  4. Dissemination of technology to the farmers.
  5. Monitoring the diseases & insect pests. Screening of genotypes against diseases & key insects and integrated management of insect pests of pulses.
  6. Seed production of improved varieties of pulses.
OBJECTIVES :
  1. To Collect, evaluate and maintain the germplasm of mandate crops viz; chickpea, pigeonpea, mungbean and urdbean.
  2. To enrich the germplasm for developing high yielding disease and insect pest resistant and better grain quality varieties.
  3. To develop varieties of above crops having high yield potential better grain quality and resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses.
  4. To evaluate newly developed genotypes under various environments to find out their suitability.
  5. To develop location specific production technology in pulses.
  6. To carry-out screening and testing of newly developed genotypes against various diseases and insects and workout effective as well as economical control measures.
  7. To produce and distribute good quality seed of chickpea, pigeonpea, mungbean and urdbean varieties. 
  8. To disseminate production and protection technology to the farmers by using various extension tools.
RESEARCH ACTIVITIES:
(A)  Crop Improvement:
  1. Strengthening of genetic resources which include collection, evaluation and maintenance of germplasm for making use in breeding programmes.
  2. Development of new genetic materials for developing genotypes with high stable yield, better grain quality and resistance to various biotic and abiotic stresses
  3. Testing of newly developed genotypes of chickpea and pigeonpea under various categories of trials such as PET, SSVT, LSVT, IVT and AVT for grain yield and other components.
  4. Seed multiplication of different varieties on large scale to cater need of farmers and various seed producing agencies.
  5. Dissemination of the newly developed technology on the farmers’ field through demonstrations.
(B) Resource Management:
  1. To ascertain the suitable crop sequence.
  2. To workout the suitable inter/relay cropping system involving pigeonpea.
  3. To study the feasibility of organic farming in pulses crops.
(C) Crop Protection
  1. Pest and diseases survey and surveillance of various pulses crops.
  2. Screening of chickpea, pigeonpea, mungbean, urdbean for resistance against different diseases.   
  3. Screening of chickpea, pigeonpea, mungban, urdbean etc for key insect pests.
  4. Management of wilt and stunt diseases in chickpea through bio-agents.
  5. Management of key insects in pulses using different control models.
  6. IPM in chickpea and pigeonpea.
Faculty Profile :
Sr.
Name
Qualification
Specialized Subject
Contact
1.
Dr. M.S. Pithia
Ph.D.
Genetics & Pl. Breeding
9428440575
2.
Dr. B. A. Monpara
Ph.D.
Genetics & Pl. Breeding
9979890461
3.
Dr. R. M. Javia
Ph.D.
Genetics & Pl. Breeding
9427725505
4.
Shri. V. V. Ramani
M.Sc.(Agri)
Genetics & Pl. Breeding
9429320834
5.
Shri C.V. Patel
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Agronomy
9428622949
6.
Shri S. R. Vasava
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Agril. Entomology
9427176144
7.
Shri M. K. Chudasma
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Plant Pathology
8905273009
8.
Shri A. M. Hadiya
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Genetics & Pl. Breeding
9408323627
Research Project and Schemes Ongoing :
Sr.
Name of Scheme
Budget Head
Type of Scheme
Funding Agency
1.
Strengthening  Research in Pulses
12007
Plan
State Govt.
2.
Research in Pulses
5007
Non-plan
State Govt.
3.
A.I.C.R.P. on Chickpea
2374
AICRP
ICAR 75%       
State 25%
4.
A.I.C.R.P. on Pigeonpea
2374-5
AICRP
ICAR 75%       
State 25%
5.
The Front line demonstration on Chickpea
2374-1
AICRP
ICAR 100%
6
The Front line demonstration on Pigeonpea
2374-6
AICRP
ICAR 100%
Seeds Production :

Quantity of Breeder seed of chickpea produced during 2004-05 to 2016-17

 
Breeder seed  produced (q) 
Year
GG-4
GG-1
GG-2
GJG 3
GG 5
Total
2004-05
-
155.70
26.25
-
-
181.95
2005-06
-
33.00
30.00
-
-
63.00
2006-07
1.80
32.50
31.02
-
-
65.32
2007-08
19.50
135.01
52.02
-
-
206.53
2008-09
6.25
71.00
47.82
-
-
125.07
2009-10
12.70
41.00
23.49
-
-
77.19
2010-11
24.75
44.77
40.50
09.75
-
119.77
2011-12
43.50
57.00
40.65
53.55
-
194.70
2012-13
21.75
61.50
29.45
35.85
-
148.55
2013-14
22.00
31.50
78.25
98.15
-
229.90
2014-15
6.50
29.00
71.25
81.25
-
188.00
2015-16
32.77
30.50
20.53
58.75
8.00
150.55
2016-17
45.25
19.90
26.50
82.00
45.50
219.15
Total
236.77
742.38
517.73
419.30
53.50
1969.68
Quantity of Breeder seed of pigeonpea produced during kharif 2016-17
 
Breeder seed  produced (q)
 
Year
GJP 1
Total
2016-17
31.50
31.50
Achievements :

CHICKPEA

Following six desi chickpea varieties have been developed, released and notified by this station for cultivation.
Characters
Varieties
Gujarat
Gram – 1
Gujarat
Gram - 2
Gujarat
Gram - 4
Gujarat Junagadh
Gram - 3
Gujarat Gram- 5
Gujarat Junagadh Gram-6
Year of Release
1997
1998
1999
2008
2014
2015
Parents
GCP 2 X
ICCV 2
JG 1258 X
BDN 9-3
ICCL 84224  X Annigeri
ICCV 93001 X  ICCV 10
GJG 9707 X IPC 97-7
GJG 0105 X FG 711
Notified area
Central Zone
Bhal area of Gujarat
North East  Plain Zone
Gujarat
Gujarat
Gujarat
Released for
Irrigated &  Rainfed conditions
Rainfed
Irrigated and Rainfed
Rainfed
Irrigated
Rainfed
100-seed weight (g)
18.0
30.5
17.4
22.77
21.37
22.45
Seed shape
Smooth and   round
Smooth and round
Smooth and round
Owl's head
Angular
Angular
Seed colour
Reddish brown
Reddish brown
Brown
Yellow
Brown
Brown
Disease reaction
Tolerant to wilt
Tolerant to wilt
Tolerant to wilt
Moderately Resistant to wilt and stunt
Moderately Resistant to wilt and resistant  to stunt
Resistant to wilt and stunt
Maturity days
105-110
90-95
120-130
98
103
112
Seed yield (kg/ha0
2203 (Irrigated) 1732 (Rainfed)
1307 (Rainfed)
1900 to 2000
1720 Rainfed)
2500 to 2700
(Irrigated)
1800 to 2000 (Rainfed)
% increase over best check variety
11.0
14.30
20.36
9.49
12.25
5.20
Area covered by the variety
40 % of irrigated area
50 % of rainfed area
-
50% of rainfed and 30% of irrigated area
Recently released
PIGEONPEA
Following pigeonpea variety have been developed, released and notified for cultivation by this station.
Characters
Variety
Gujarat Junagadh Pigeonpea-1
Year of Release
2014
Parents
LRG 41 X BDN 2 
Notified area
NEH & Gujarat
Released for
Irrigated
100-seed weight (g)
11.7
Seed shape
Oval
Seed colour
White
Disease reaction
Moderately Resistant to wilt & SMD
Maturity days
177
Seed yield (kg/ha)
2000 to 2100
% increase over best check variety
38.78
Area covered by the variety
Recently Released
Other Achievements :
(A)FLDs on Chickpes :
YEAR
Type of FLD
Variety
No. of FLDs conducted
Improved practices
(q/ha)
Farmer practices       (q/ha)
% increase over farmer practices
2012-13
Full package technology
GJG 3
10
16.88
13.88
21.62
2013-14
10
17.85
15.10
18.21
2014-15
10
14.50
12.51
15.90
2015-16
15
15.60
13.66
14.20
2016-17
10
15.43
13.78
11.97
Average
 
 
 
16.05
13.78
16.47

For the popularization of newly released chickpea variety GJG 3 among farmers along with improved package of practices, about 10 FLDs were conducted in different villages of Saurashtra region in each year. Results clearly indicated the superiority of improved package of practices over farmers’ practices. Farmers got yield advantage ranging from 11.97 to 21.62 per cent. Another advantage of FLD was observed in the awareness of new variety GJG 3 and some low cost technology like seed treatment and 2% spray of urea as well as application of bio agents like Trichoderma. FLD farmers gave seed of GJG 3 to neighbour farmers in the next year. This way FLDs are useful in spread of new variety. All the farmers appreciated the new variety and approached university seed department to get labelled seed in the next year. Farmers preferred this variety due to high yield, early maturity (90-95 days), wit resistant and medium seed sized with attractive yellow seed colour. 

(B) FLDS ON GROUNDNUT-PIGEONPEA RELAY CROPPING SYSTEM:
Impact of FLDs:
          The rainfall in Saurashtra is erratic and scanty. The major groundnut crop is always under high risk. Farmers have adopted pigeonpea as a relay crop in groundnut because of the following reasons.
1. It does not reduce the area of groundnut as pigeonpea is being sown between two rows of groundnut in the month of August.
2. It does not decrease the yield of groundnut; hence the income from pigeonpea is treated as an additional income.
3. It covers the risk of major crop of groundnut in irregular monsoon and scarcity condition.
4. It provides valuable nutritive fodder for cattle, which is an essential requirement for the farmers of Saurashtra.
5. It can be grown with limited irrigation facilities in which any other winter crop can not be grown.
           Since last two decades more than 300 FLDs were conducted on groundnut-pigeonpea relay cropping system in six districts of Gujarat. The tested pigeonpea varieties were BDN 2, BSMR 853, BSMR 736 and GT 101. Pigeonpea varieties BDN 2 and GT 101 were highly popular among the farmers as these varieties require only 2-3 irrigations after end of the monsoon. FLD farmers harvested on an average 1299 kg/ha seed yield. Pigeonpea as a relay crop in groundnut was found highly remunerative without any adverse effect on sole groundnut yield. The market price of pigeonpea is highly attractive hence farmers adopting this system quickly. Pigeonpea variety GT 101 has been demonstrated in FLDs during kharif 2016-17. In kharif 2016-17 variety GT 101 produced on an average 1512 kg/ha seed yield in varietal demonstrations which was 13.43% higher over farmers’ practices. Over all farmers got 13.43 to 19.96% increase in seed yield. The performance was appreciated by the demonstrated farmers of the zone. 
YEAR
Type of FLD
Variety
No. of FLDs conducted
Improved practices
(q/ha)
Farmer practices       (q/ha)
% increase over farmer practices
2013-14
Full package technology
GT 101
10
17.60
15.25
15.40
2014-15
10
13.90
11.85
17.29
2015-16
10
12.50
10.42
19.96
2016-17
10
15.12
13.33
13.43
Average
 
 
 
14.78
12.71
16.28
RECOMMENDATIONS:-
CROP PRODUCTION
CHICKPEA
Effect of biofertilizer along with molybdenum application on yield of chickpea
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing irrigated chickpea are advised to treat seeds with Rhizobium culture @ 25 g/kg seed + phosphate solubilizing bacterial culture (Bacillus subtilis) 30 g/kg seed along with recommended dose of fertilizers (20:40 N:P2O5 kg/ha) for securing higher yield and net return. Application of molybdenumin chickpea was not found advantageous.
Evaluation of chickpea varieties under different dates of sowing under irrigated condition
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing irrigated chickpea are advised to sow the crop during first fortnight of November (mean minimum temperature 19.9 °C and mean maximum temperature 34.7 °C) for securing higher yield and net return.
PIGEON PEA
Effect of multi-micronutrient formulations on pigeonpea
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone -VII growing pigeonpea are advised to apply micronutrients on soil test basis or multi-micronutrient mixture Grade-V @ 40 kg/ha besides recommended dose of fertilizer (25:50:0 N:P2O5:K2O kg/ha) to get higher yield and net returns.
Effect of different organic, inorganic and bio-fertilizers on groundnut-pigeonpea relay cropping system
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone following groundnut ´ pigeonpea (2:1) relay cropping system are advised to apply recommended dose of fertilizers to both the crops to obtain higher yield and net returns or 50% RDF + FYM 5 t /ha along with seed treatment of Rhizobium and phosphate solubilizing bacteria (each 25-30 g/kg seed) to groundnut only to reduce the dose of chemical fertilizers.
Optimizing spacing for medium duration pigeonpea varieties under pigeonpea + urdbean inter cropping system
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone adopting pigeonpea + uradbean (without fertilizer) inter cropping system are advised to sow pigeonpea at 120 cm x 30 cm spacing and two rows of urdbean in between two rows of pigeonpea for getting higher yield and net return.
URDBEAN
Weed management in kharif urdbean
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing kharif urdbean are recommended to apply quizalofop-ethyl 40 g/ha (5 EC 16 ml/10 lit water) at 20 days after sowing (DAS) and  hand weeding at 40 DAS for obtaining higher yield and net realization as well as effective weed management.
PLANT PROTECTION
CHICKPEA
Efficacy of new molecules against Helicoverpa armigera in chickpea
For effective and economic control of pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) in chickpea crop, farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone are advised to apply two sprays of chlorantraniliprole 20 SC 0.003% (1.5 ml/ 10 liter water; 15 g a.i./ha) or emamectin benzoate 5 SG 0.001% (2 g/ 10 liter water; 5 g a.i./ha). First spray should be applied at 50% flowering and second at 15 days after first spray. The PHI for these insecticides is 27 days.
Testing bio-efficacy of certain insecticides against pod borer complex on pigeonpea
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone are advised to apply two sprays of spinosad 45 SC 0.009% (2 ml/ 10 litre water; 45 g a.i/ha) or thiodicarb 75 WP 0.075% (10 g/ 10 litre water; 375 g a.i/ha) or flubendiamide 48 SC 0.0096% (2 ml/ 10 litre water; 48 g a.i/ha) or chlorantraniliprole 20 SC 0.003% (1.5 ml/ 10 liter water; 15 g a.i./ha) starting from 50 per cent flowering and second spray at 15 days after first spray for the control of pod borer complex in pigeonpea. The PHI for these insecticides is 30 days.
Evaluation of botanicals, bio-pesticides and insecticides against gram pod borer
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-Climatic Zone growing chickpea are advised to apply alternate spray of HaNPV 2 x 109 POBs/ml (5 ml/10 lit. water) and chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC 0.004% (2 ml/10 lit. water) for effective and economic control of pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) in chickpea crop. First spray to be started at 50% flowering and second at 15 days after first spray.
The PHI for chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC is 11 days.
URDBEAN
Testing bio-efficacy of certain insecticides against pod borer complex on urdbean
Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone are advised to apply two sprays of chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC, 0.006 % (3 ml/ 10 litre water) or flubendiamide 48 SC, 0.0096 % (2 ml/ 10 litre water), first spray at 50 per cent flowering and second at 15 days interval for the control of pod borer complex in urdbean.
             The PHI for chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC is 20 days, whereas 11 days for flubendiamide 48 SC. .
Publications: Research Papers, Extension literature, Books, etc.
Sr.
Name of Scientist
Designation
Research Papers
Popular articles
Other
1
Dr. M.S. Pithia
Research Scientist (Chickpea)
36
20
5
2
Dr. B. A. Monpara
Asso. Res. Sci. (Pl. Breeding)
6
2
-
3
Dr. R. M. Javia
Asso. Res. Sci. (Pl. Breeding)
17
03
26
4
Shri. V. V. Ramani
Asstt. Res. Sci. (Pl. Breeding)
5
15
2
5
Shri S. R. Vasava
Asstt. Res. Sci. (Agril. Ento.)
2
4
-
6
Shri. M. K. Chudasma
Asstt. Res. Sci. (Pl. Patho.)
4
4
-
=:: Contact Detail ::=
Dr. M. S. Pithia
Research Scientist (Chickpea)
Phone : (O) 0285 – 2672536, Fax : (0285) 2672004,
E-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
PHOTO GALLARY
CHICKPEA
GJG 3 GJG 3
GG 5 GG 5
GJG 6 GJG 6
PIGEONPEA
GJP 1 GJP 1

 

 

News

નાયબ બાગાયત નિયામકશ્રીની કચેરી અને જૂનાગઢ કૃષિ યુનીવર્સીટી, જૂનાગઢના સંયુક્ત ઉપક્રમે ઓગસ્ટ ૨૮-૩૧ તથા સપ્ટેમ્બર ૦૧, ૨૦૧૭ ના કેનિંગ અંગેનો તાલીમ કાર્યક્રમ
Training programme for farmers of Bhavnagar district will be organized by DEE, JAU, Junagadh on August 24, 2017.
Grand celebration of 71st Independence Day on 15th August, 2017 by Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh.
Felicitation programme of Dr. P.V. Patel, Director, Students' Welfare organized by Junagadh Agricultural University Teachers' Association.
"Saraswati Sanman" programme for felicitation of Meriotrious Students of Krushi parivaar, Award winner Teachers/Scientist and for Retired Teachers/ Scientist was organized by Junagadh Agricultural University Teachers' Association(JAUTA)
Training programme for farmers of Porbandar district will be organized by DEE, JAU, Junagadh on August 22-24, 2017.
College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, JAU, Junagadh celebrated Mahila Krushi Divas on 6th August 2017.
ANSICON-2018 Conference will be jointly oraganized by Dept. of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science and A.H., JAU, Junagadh and Animal Nutrition Society of India during February 01-03, 2018.
Department of Biotechnology, JAU, Junagadh will be organized Winter School on Genomic, Proteomic and Metabolomic Application in Crop Improvement on September 04-24, 2017.

Advertisements