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Office of the Research Scientist (Chickpea)

Pulses Research Station

Junagadh Agricultural University

Junagadh – 362 001

Year of Establishment : 1965-66
Introduction :
           At present, this center is working as a mandatory center for chickpea crop and is also working as testing and verifying center for MULLaRP crops. This station is working as a sub-station for AICRP on pigeonpea from the year 2001. The center is engaged with the research in plant breeding, agronomy, entomology and plant pathology disciplines with respect to chickpea, mungbean and urdbean. Chickpea trials are being formulated and seeds are regularly supplied from this station to all the sub stations of the state. Moreover this center is also collaborating with ICAR and other agencies. We are also cooperating with ICRISAT for chickpea improvement programme
Mandate :
  1. 1. Collection, evaluation and maintenance of germplasm of different pulses crops like chickpea and pigeonpea.
    2. To develop varieties of above crops with high yield potential, better grain quality and tolerance to different biotic and abiotic stress.
    3. Development of location specific production technology.
    4. Dissemination of technology to the farmers.
    5. Monitoring the diseases & insect pests. Screening of genotypes against diseases & key insects and integrated management of insect pests of pulses seed production of chickpea and pigeonpea varieties.
Objectives :
  1. To Collect evaluation and maintain the germplasm of mandate crops viz; chickpea and pigeonpea.
    2. To enrich the germplasm for developing high yielding disease and insect pest resistant and better grain quality varieties.
    3. To develop varieties of above crops having high yield potential better grain quality and resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses.
    4. To evaluate newly developed genotypes under various environments to find out their suitability.
    5. To develop location specific production technology in chickpea and pigeonpea
    6. To carry-out Screening and testing for various disease and insect resistance and workout effective as well as economical control measures.
    7. To produce and distribute good quality of chickpea and pigeonpea varieties.
    8. To disseminate production technology to the farmers by using various extension tools. 
Research Activities :
(A) Crop Improvement
  1. 1. Strengthening of genetic resources which include collection, evaluation and maintenance of germplasm for making use in breeding programmes.
    2. Development of new genetic materials for developing genotypes with high stable yield, better grain quality and resistance to various biotic and abiotic stresses
    3. Testing of newly developed genotypes of chickpea and pigeonpea under various categories of trials such as PET, SSVT, LSVT, IVT and AVT etc.
    4. Seed multiplication of different varieties on large scale to cater need of farmers and various seed producing agencies.
    5. Dissemination of the newly developed technology on the farmer's field through demonstrations.
(B) Resource Management
  1. To ascertain the suitable crop sequence.
  2. To workout the suitable inter/relay cropping system involving pigeonpea.
  3. To study the feasibility of organic farming in pulses crops.
(C) Crop Protection
  1. Pest and diseases survey and surveillance of various pulses crops.
  2. Screening of chickpea, pigeonpea, mungbean, urdbean for resistance against wilt and stunt diseases in seek plots.
  3. Screening of chickpea, pigeonpea, mungban, urdbean etc for key insect pests.
  4. Management of wilt and stunt diseases in chickpea through bio-agents
  5. Management of Helicoverpa in chickpea and Maruca (Spoted bollworms) in mungbean through eco-friendly agents
  6. IPM in chickpea.
Faculty Profile :
Sr.
Name
Qualification
Specialized Subject
Contact
1.
Dr. M.S. Pithia
Ph.D.
Genetics & Pl. Breeding
9482440575
2.
Dr. R. M. Javia
Ph.D.
Genetics & Pl. Breeding
9427725505
3.
Dr. V. P. Anadani
Ph.D.
Plant Pathology
9979882745
4.
Shri. V. V. Ramani
M.Sc.(Agri)
Genetics & Pl. Breeding
9429320834
5.
Dr. V. M. Sarvaliya
Ph.D.
Genetics & Pl. Breeding
9428342163
6.
Shri C.V. Patel
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Agronomy
9428622949
7.
Shri A. M. Bharadia
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Agril. Entomology
9662544806
8
Shri H. P. Patel
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Plant Pathology
9925051652
9.
Shri A. M. Hadiya
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Genetics & Pl. Breeding
9408323627
Research Project and Schemes Ongoing :
Sr.
Name of Scheme
Budget Head
Type of Scheme
Funding Agency
1.
Strengthening  Research in Pulses
10007
Plan
State Govt.
2.
Research in Pulses
5007
Non-plan
State Govt.
3.
A.I.C.R.P. Research on Chickpea
2374
AICRP
ICAR 75%
State 25%
4.
A.I.C.R.P. Research on Pigeonpea
2374-5
AICRP
ICAR 75%
State 25%
5.
The Front line demonstration on Chickpea
2374-1
AICRP
ICAR 100%
6
The Front line demonstration on Pigeonpea
2374-6
AICRP
ICAR 100%
7
Utilizing Chickpea genome sequence for crop improvement
18003-10
Ad-hoc project (2014-17)
Govt. of India (Through ICRISAT)
Seeds Production :

Quantity of Breeder seed of chickpea produced during 2004-05 to 2014-15

Breeder seed  produced (q)
Year
GG-4
GG-1
GG-2
GJG 3
Total
2004-05
-
155.70
26.25
-
181.95
2005-06
-
33.00
30.00
-
63.00
2006-07
1.80
32.50
31.02
-
65.32
2007-08
19.50
135.01
52.02
-
206.53
2008-09
6.25
71.00
47.82
-
125.07
2009-10
12.70
41.00
23.49
-
77.19
2010-11
24.75
44.77
40.50
09.75
129.52
2011-12
43.50
57.00
40.65
53.55
248.25
2012-13
21.75
61.50
29.45
35.85
148.55
2013-14
22.00
31.50
78.25
98.15
229.90
2014-15
6.50
29.00
71.25
81.25
188.00
Achievements :
Following four desi chickpea varieties have been developed at this station and released for cultivation.
Characters
Varieties
Gujarat
Gram - 1
Gujarat
Gram - 2
Gujarat
Gram - 4
Gujarat Junagadh
Gram - 3
Year of Release
1997
1998
1999
2008
Parents
GCP 2 X
ICCV 2
JG 1258 X
BDN 9-3
ICCL 84224  X Annigeri
ICCV 93001 X  ICCV 10
Notified area
Central Zone
Bhal area of Gujarat
North East  Plain Zone
Gujarat
Released for
Irrigated &  Rainfed conditions
Rainfed
Irrigated and Rainfed
Rainfed
100-seed weight (g)
18.0
30.5
17.4
22.77
Seed shape
Smooth and   round
Smooth and round
Smooth and round
Owl's head
Seed colour
Reddish brown
Reddish brown
Brown
yellow
Disease reaction
Tolerant to wilt
Tolerant to wilt
Tolerant to wilt
Moderately Resistant to wilt and stunt
Maturity days
105-110 days
90-95 days
120-130
98
Seed yield kg/ha
2203 (Irrigated) 1732 (Rainfed)
1307 (Rainfed)
1900 to 2000
1720 Rainfed)
% increase over best check variety
11.0
14.30
20.36
9.49
Area covered by the variety
50-60 % of irrigated area
80 % of rainfed area
-
Recently Released
Other Achievements :
(A)FLDs on Chickpes :
Impact of FLDs:
          Farmers have been fully convinced by the superiority of improved chickpea varieties viz., Gujarat Gram 1, Gujarat Gram 2 and Gujarat Junagadh Gram 3. Gujarat Gram 2 is widely cultivated variety of chickpea in Bhal region under conserved moisture condition. Farmers prefer it due to its superiority in yield, earliness and attractive bold grain size with good test weight (30.5g). The Gujarat Gram 2 demonstrations were conducted in North Gujarat, South Gujarat, Middle Gujarat and Saurashtra under limited irrigation conditions during 1999-2000. The performance was appreciable in these areas. It was also tried in paddy growing areas of Kheda, Baroda and Panchmahal districts under conserved moisture conditions. Now newly released variety GJG 3 was also attracting the farmers due to its high yield potential, earliness, large sized seed with attractive yellow colour and wilt resistance.
          At present approximately 60% irrigated and 80% rainfed area of the state was covered by chickpea variety Gujarat Gram 1 and Gujarat Gram 2, respectively. The old variety Chaffa has been completely replaced by these two chickpea varieties. Gujarat Gram 1 variety was also tested in irrigated and rainfed FLDs since from 2000-2009. In irrigated FLDs this variety out yielded all the old varieties. The mean data of Gujarat Gram 1 FLDs (2000-2009) under varietal trials gave an average 21.1% higher yield (1948.4 kg/ha) over local chickpea varieties.
          Recently chickpea variety Gujarat Junagadh Gram 3 is under FLDs during Rabi 2011-12 to 2014-15. The response of farmers toward the adoption level of these improved varieties is excellent as FLD farmers distributed the seeds of these varieties to the other farmers. During last four year under limited irrigation conditions GJG 3 variety gave an average yield of 1832.63 kg/ha (Average of 4 years) at farmers field. The performance was also highly appreciated in Ghed rainfed area of Saurashtra.
(B) FLDs on Groundnut-Pigeonpea relay cropping system :
Impact of FLDs:
          The rainfall in Saurashtra is erratic and scanty. The major groundnut crop is always under high risk. Farmers have adopted pigeonpea as a relay crop in groundnut because of the following reasons.
  1. It does not reduce the area of groundnut as pigeonpea is being sown between two rows of groundnut in the month of August.
  2. It does not decrease the yield of groundnut; hence the income from pigeonpea is treated as an additional income.
  3. It covers the risk of major crop of groundnut in irregular monsoon and scarcity condition.
  4. It provides valuable nutritive fodder for cattle, which is an essential requirement for the farmers of Saurashtra.
  5. It can be grown with limited irrigation facilities in which any other winter crop can not be grown.
           Since last two decades more than 300 FLDs were conducted on groundnut-pigeonpea relay cropping system in six districts of Gujarat. The tested pigeonpea varieties were BDN 2, BSMR 853, BSMR 736 and GT 101. Pigeonpea varieties BDN 2 and GT 101 were highly popular among the farmers as these varieties require only 2-3 irrigations after end of the monsoon. FLD farmers harvested on an average 1299 kg/ha seed yield. Pigeonpea as a relay crop in groundnut was found highly remunerative without any adverse effect on sole groundnut yield. The market price of pigeonpea is highly attractive hence farmers adopting this system quickly. Pigeonpea variety GT 101 has been demonstrated in FLDs during kharif 2014-15. In kharif 2014-15 variety GT 101 produced on an average 1390.87 kg/ha seed yield in varietal demonstrations. The performance was appreciated by the demonstrated farmers of the zone.
Publications: Research Papers, Extension literature, Books, etc.
Sr.
Name of Scientist
Designation
Research Papers
Popular articles
Other
1
Dr. M.S. Pithia
Research Scientist (Chickpea)
17
12
5
2
Dr. V.P. Anadani
Res. Sci. (Pl. Patho.)
7
7
-
3
Dr. R. M. Javia
Asso. Res. Sci. (Pl. Breeding)
17
03
26
4
Dr. V.M. Saravaliya
Asstt. Res. Sci. (Pl. Breeding)

4

3
-
5
Shri. V. V. Ramani
Asstt. Res. Sci. (Pl. Breeding)
5
15
2
6
Shri. A.M. Bharadia
Asstt. Res. Sci. (Agril. Ento.)
6
10
8
=:: Contact Detail ::=
Dr. M. S. Pithia
Research Scientist (Chickpea)
Phone : (O) 0285 – 2672536, Fax : (0285) 2672004,
E-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 

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