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Agricultural Research Station (Fruit Crops),

Junagadh Agricultural University,

Mahuva Dist : Bhavnagar - 364 290

Year of Establishment : 1852
History :
             This farm was established in 1852 by Late Highness Shree Bhavsinhji of Bhavnagar State having area of 1529 acre. Thus, this farm may be one of the biggest and the oldest farm of our state. In 1947, this farm was handed over to Agriculture Department, Government of Gujarat for extension and nursery activities to bring more and more coastal area under coconut plantation through supplying the best selected coconut seedlings to the growers. In 1972, this farm was transferred to Gujarat Agricultural University to conduct the research activities on coconut and other fruit crop. From 2004 and onwards, this farm belongs to Junagadh Agricultural University.
Introduction: 
           The object to establish this farm was to bring fellow land of coastal area under horticulture crops like mango, coconut, areca nut, chiku, banana, etc. This farm also situated on bank of Malan River, and there was ample source of sweet irrigation water at that time and because of that large area of farm, it was covered under coconut, mango, chiku, areca nut etc crops. Equable humid climate of coastal area and evergreen with many horticultural orchards in the city and surrounding area this Mahuva city was well known as a “Kashmir of Saurashtra”. This status was maintained till 1975 and during this time, two dames were constructed on Malan River. But insufficient and uneven rainfall stopped the flow of Malan River which was running throughout the year. This has resulted in acute shortage of irrigation water. As farmers lifted more ground water for irrigation, ultimately resulted in brackish water and now it has became totally saline. The nearest city and railway station is Mahuva 3 km away and nearest district place and aerodrome is Bhavnagar 100km.
Geographical Information:
        Geographically this research station is situated on South Saurashtra sea coast with 21.50north latitude and 71.50longitudes with MSL is 24 M. The average rainfall is 500 to 600 mm. The soil is sandy clay loam with pH Range 8.0 to 8.5 having regular saline patches that tend to be problematic. Well water has also become brackish to saline because of ingression from sea.
Faculty Profile :
Sr. No.
Name of Officer
Designation
Qualification
Experience (In Year)
Specialized subject
01
Dr. G. S. Vala
Research  Scientist
M. Sc. Agri.,
PhD
16
Agronomy
02
Shri V. C. Dodiya
Asst. Res. Sci.
M. Sc. Agri.,
07
Soil Science
03
Shri V. R. Ahir
Asst. Res. Sci.
M. Sc. Agri.,
06
Plant Pathology
04
Shri V. S. Bambhaniya
Agriculture Officer
M. Sc. Agri.,
03
Agril Entomology
05
Shri T. K. Mandaviya
Agriculture Officer
M. Sc. Agri.,
03
Plant Pathology
06
Shri R. D. Kapadiya
Agriculture Officer
B. Sc. Agri.,
03
-
07
Shri M. R. Senta
Agril. Inspector
Agri. Diploma
35
-
08
Shri O. C. Senta
Agril. Inspector
Agri. Diploma
35
-
09
Shri B. K. Goswami
Agri. Asst.
Agri. Diploma
33
-
10
Shri K. P. Dharaiya
Agri. Asst.
Agri. Diploma
25
-
11
Shri S. B. Dhaduk
Agri. Asst.
Horti. Diploma
07
-
12
Shri P. D. Ladumor
Agri. Asst.
Agri. Diploma
04
-
13
Shri M. N. Magra
Agri. Asst.
Horti. Diploma
03
-
14
Shri H. K. Zala
Agri. Asst.
Agri. Diploma
04
-
Mandate :         
  1. To evolve high yielding variety of coconut.
  2. To find out suitable plant protection measure against coconut pest and disease.
  3. To determine most suitable and effective, eco-friendly and low cost agronomical practices for the production of coconut and fruit crop.
  4. To introduce new fruit and plantation crops for the region.
  5. To supply the true to type planting materials of coconut and fruit crops to the farmers.
  6. To produce maximum skilled aqua farmers.
  7. To developed standard culture technique for shrimp farmers in and around.
  8. To boost aqua production of this district.
Objectives :
  1. Collection evaluation and maintenance of indigenous and exotic germplasm of coconut and fruit crops.
  2. To generate germplasm for developing biotic and abiotic stress resistant high yielding varieties of plantation and fruit crops.
  3. To test and develop new production technology for plantation and fruit crop.
  4. To produce and distribute seedling of coconut of varieties D x T (Mahuva) among the farmers.
  5. To develop farming facilities for freshwater and brackish water finfish and shell fish cultivation in saline ground water.
  6. To develop suitable technology for enhancement of fish and shell fish production in salt affected soil.
  7. To conduct short term training -cum demonstration on fresh and brackish water Fish/Prawn/shrimp cultivation techniques for fish farmers.
Establishment of Elite Seed Farm: 

          To fulfill the demand of hybrid coconut a project Under RKVY 2009-10, “Establishment of Elite Seed Farm for Coconut D x T (Mahuva) seed nut Production” for large scale production of D x T (Mahuva) seed nut and seedlings successfully established at this station. Under this project total 1570 plants of coconut cv. Dwarf Green as female and 700 plants of coconut cv. West Coast Tall as Male has been planted during July-2011 and protection has been done by means of cement pole, barbed wire and galvanized iron wire chain link. It is estimated that this farm will produce 50,000 hybrid nuts per year from year 2018 and onwards.

Coconut seedling rate for selling:
Sr. no.
Seedling Type/Varieties
Price/seedling
01
D x T Hybrid (Mahuva)
400/-
02
Dwarf Yellow
120/-
03
Dwarf Orange
120/-
04
Green dwarf
80/-
05
F2/Cross bona/NCD
80/-
06
West Cost Tall
80/-
Research projects and schemes :
Sr. No.
Project Name
Budget Head
Starting Year
Objective
01
Research in Fruit Crops
(Non Plan)
5014
1985
To find out most suitable and low cost Production technology in fruit crops.
02
Strengthening of Agro meteorology
at JAU (Sub Center) (Plan)
12907
1999
Establishment of Weather Laboratory at Coastal area for recording weather parameters.
03
Establishment of new centre on
Onion Crop (Plan)
12931
2001
To find out appropriate low cost production technology for onion. Varietal testing for onion and garlic.
04
Centre of excellence for soil and
Water Mgt. technology
(Sub Centre) (Plan)
12101-04
2005-06
To determine most effective and low cost water harvesting and irrigation system.
05
Mega Seed Production
18804-03
2006-07
Production of good quality planting materials and supply to the growers.
06
Strengthening of research in
Plantation and Fruit Crops. (Plan)
12586
2008-09
To find out suitable inter crop for coconut, Introduction of new fruit crops, in situ collection and conservation of Fruit/plantation crops Germplasm
07
Agro Based I.T.I. for Bhavnagar
District. (Plan)
12116
2011-12
Training to farmers for use of micro irrigation system and storage and value addition of Onion.
08
Establishment of Aqua Based Research and Training centre in coastal area of Saurashtra. (Plan)
12016
2011-12
Research and Training on Fisheries
Coconut seedling production and selling (2011-2021) :
Sr. No.
Year
D x T Hybrid
Dwarf Green
West Cost Tall
Dwarf orange
F2/NCD
Production
Selling
Production
Selling
Production
Selling
Production
Selling
Production
Selling
1
2010-11
1350
1379
1500
1547
75
48
0
0
475
529
2
2011-12
1397
1279
2330
1534
0
0
0
0
1064
983
3
2012-13
3815
3804
4600
4091
300
15
17
17
8350
8335
4
2013-14
4943
4978
12729
7553
50
0
0
0
8198
7553
5
2014-15
2370
1713
11619
10321
1058
393
0
0
7622
7547
6
2015-16
6405
5417
9825
9212
0
0
0
0
13005
12870
7
2016-17
1422
964
14378
11684
0
0
162
0
4761
4131
8
2017-18
2406
2162
5250
2676
1251
385
0
0
10892
10662
9
2018-19
7401
6999
18499
17671
9637
5994
390
382
17026
16832
10
2019-20
14484
14424
8176
7976
132
132
351
276
27578
27520
11
2020-21
8734
7984
4483
3813
4070
2638
325
253
24646
24439
12
2021-22
13,015
13,015
10,178
10,178
677
677
460
460
9,955
9,955
13
Total
67742
64118
103567
88256
17250
10282
1705
1388
133572
131356
Research Activities :
1)   Efficacy of different insecticides against Eriophyid mites (Aceria guerrenonis Keifer) infesting Coconut Cv. D x T
2)   Studies on seasonal activity Opisina arenosella W. and its parasitism
3)   High Density Planting of Sapota under saline soil.
4)   Large Scale Varietal Trial on Red and Red Dark Onion.
5)   Evaluation of Biocontrol agent and its combination against disease complex of onion.
6)   Evaluation of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) genotype
7)   Effect of Biofertilizers on Seedling Growth and Biochemical Changes of Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.)
8)   Management of bud rot disease in coconut nursery.
Publications :
1)   Research Papers Published by the Faculty : 35
2)   Popular Articles / Folder / Booklet : 60
3)   Books : 4
Transfer of Technologies / Extension Activities :
     The technologies developed at this research station are being disseminated to the various extension agencies, N.G.O's, farmers and students by Organizing farmer’s day / agril. fair at the station, by participating in the ' Krushi Mela ', farmers days and Agril. Exhibition organized by University or other agencies, educating students during Kendra visit and to farmers during visit of this station. Through TV, Radio broadcasting, literature, press note, personnel/spot field diagnosis and letter etc the extension activities is carried out.
Development of new plots :
Vrajvadi:
 To fullfil the demand of D x T hybrid mahuva, vrajvadi plot has been successfully developed at this station in 2017. In this plot 1700 seedling of greendwarf has been planted for hybridization purpose. When this seedling was fully mature, manually hybridization will be carried out. 

News

Agricultural Education Day-2022 was celebrated by AICRP on Irrigation Water Management, Department of Irrigation & Drainage Engineering, CAET, JAU, Junagadh on 03.12.2022.
College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, JAU, Junagadh improved its ranking at National Level. In National Ranking of CSR-GHRDC Engineering Colleges Survey 2022.
One day Farmers Training programme on “Use of Solar Energy in Agriculture” was organized by All India Co-ordinated Res.Project on Plastic Engg. and Agril. Structure and Environment Management, Dept. of REE, CAET, JAU, Junagadh on November 5, 2022.
રજત જયંતી એવોર્ડ યોજનામાં ભાગ લેવા માટેનું ઉમેદવારી પત્રક - વર્ષ - ૨૦૨૨-૨૩
AICRP on PEASEM, ICAR, Dept. of Renewable Energy Engg., CAET, JAU, Junagadh received the Patent on Foldable Container for Storage and Transportation of Agricultural Produce
The students of the PGIABM, JAU had Secured 1st runners up - 2nd Prize trophy and cash prize in the 9th International B-Plan Championship 2022 at IIM, Indore.
BSc.(Agriculture ) degree course of Junagadh Agricultural University received 8th rank in BSc. Agriculture Colleges of India by EducationWorld India Higher Education Rankings 2022-23
Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh received 7th rank in Government Agricultural University in India and 2nd rank in Gujarat by EducationWorld India Higher Education Rankings 2022-23
CAET, JAU, Junagadh ranked 5th for Outstanding Engineering Colleges of Excellence in India as per CSR-GHRDC Engineering Colleges Survey 2021.
In Gujarat State Institutional Rating Framework (GSIRF) 2021-22 Junagadh Agricultural University got 5th position

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