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Vegetable Research Station

Junagadh Agricultural University

Junagadh

Year of Establishment : 1962
Introduction:
The Vegetable Research Station was established at Junagadh under the scheme for Research and Improvement in Vegetable and Fruit crops sanctioned during 1962-63. Other two schemes viz.,(1) All India Coordinated Vegetable Improvement Project sanctioned during April 1998 and (2) Strengthening of Vegetable Research started from December 1991.
At present, the multidisciplinary work is being carried out on various vegetable crops of the region. Two new schemes viz., National Agricultural Technology Project (in April 2000) and Establishment of New Research Centre on Onion Crop at Junagadh are functioning from April 2002. One other scheme Establishment of New Research Sub Centre for Research in Garlic was transfer from Jamnagar to Junagadh.
The main objective of this centre is to develop high yielding and diseases resistance variety and their production and protection technology.
Mandate :
  1. Collection, evaluation and maintenance of germplasm lines of different vegetable crops.
  2. Breeding for high yield, early maturity, disease and pest resistant varieties/hybrids with better quality of various vegetable crops.
  3. Development of high yielding varieties of onion and garlic with traits suitable for dehydration and export purpose.
  4. Developing improved production and protection technologies in important vegetable crops.
  5. Production of nucleus and breeder seeds of improved varieties and parental lines of hybrid of different vegetable crops.
  6. Providing pure and quality seeds of improved varieties to the farmers in time and at reasonable price.
Research Activities :
Breeding:
A. Vegetable Crops (Garlic, Onion, Okra, Brinjal, Tomato, Bottle gourd, Ridge gourd Cucurbits, Indian Bean, Cowpea, Cluster Bean):

Crop Improvement.

Experimental works in State, AICRPVC and AINRPOG trials of Rabi, summer and kharif seasons.

Testing of breeding materials.

Fresh crosses to generate breeding materials.

Germplasm exchange as well as evaluation and conservation.

Seed multiplication of promising lines.

Seed production of released varieties.

Production of nucleus and breeder seed of released variety as per the DAC indent received from Government of India and Govt. of Gujarat.

B.  Spices crops (Coriander, Ajwan and Fenugreek):
Crop Improvement.
Experimental works in State trials of Rabi seasons.
I.   Crop production:
  1. Water, nutrient and weed management in Vegetable and Spices crops.
  2. Intercropping studies on Vegetable and Spices.
  3. Intercropping system of Vegetable crops with other crops.
  4. Experimentation of trials as per State as well as AICRP technical programme.
II.  Crop protection:
  1. Survey and Monitoring of various insect-pests and diseases of Vegetable crops to find out the intensity and disease situation in Saurashtra region of Gujarat.
  2. Screening of Vegetable crops entries / lines from PET, SSVT, SVT, IVT and AVT for resistance to insect-pests and diseases in Rabi, Kharif and Summer season.
  3. Monitoring of important pests of commercially important vegetable crops.
  4. Integrated and eco-friendly management of major biotic stresses of Vegetable crops
Faculty Profile:
Sr.
Name
Designation
1
Dr. M. A. Vaddoria
Research Scientist (G. & O.)
2
Dr .L. L. Jivani
Associate  Research Scientist (Vegetable Breeding)
3
Prof. I. J. Golani
Assistant Research Scientist (Hort.)
4
Dr. A. S. Jethva
Assistant Professor (Plant Breeding)
5
Dr. K.B.Asodaria
Assistant Professor (Agronomy)
6
Prof. Y .A. Kavathiya
Assistant Professor (Plant Pathology)
7
Shri  R. G. Chapla
Agriculture Officer
8
Shri R. K. Rathod
Agriculture Officer
9
Shri M. V. Mavadiya
Agriculture Assistant
10
Shri  M. B. Kanzaria
Agriculture Assistant
11
Shri H. L. Jitiya
Senior Clerk
12
Shri  N. K. Chavda
Junior Clerk
13
Shri K.M. Kakadia
Lab. Boy
Research projects and schemes – on going :
Sr. No.
Name of the Scheme
B.H
Type of scheme
Year
Funding agency
1
Project For Research In Vegetable.
5013
Non-Plan
1962
State Govt.
2
All India Co-Ordinated Research Project on Vegetable.
2013-1
ICAR
April-1988
75% ICAR
25% State
3
Strengthening Research in Vegetable Crops.
12013
Plan
Dec.-1991
State Govt.
4
Establishment of New Research Centre on Onion Crop.
12931
Plan
April-2002
State Govt.
5
Centrally Sponsored Scheme
( Spices )
18126-02
Project
Jan.-2006
NHM
6
All India Network Research Project on Onion and Garlic
2012
ICAR Project
Feb.-2009
ICAR
7
Establishment of Spices Research Centre at Junagadh
12014
Plan
February 2011
State Govt.
Achievements :
Varieties developed by this station before inception of G.A.U. (Before 01.06.1972): Total-8
Sr.
Name of Crop
Variety
1
Brinjal
Junagadh Selection-1
2
Brinjal
Junagadh Ravaiya
3
Brinjal
Junagadh Bhatta
4
Tomato
Junagadh Big  Round
5
Chilli
Resham Patta
6
Bottle Gourd
Junagadh Long Tender
7
Indian bean
Valor Virpur
8
Onion
Junagadh Local (Pilipatti)
Varieties developed by this station after inception of the G.A.U. (After 01.06.1972):Total-12
Sr.
Crop
Variety
Released
year
Yield
q/ha
Parent / Pedigree
1
Brinjal
Junagadh Long
1984
265.89
Pedigree selection
2
Brinjal
Junagadh Oblong
1984
284.07
Pedigree selection
3
Tomato
Junagadh Ruby
1984
253.33
Pedigree selection
4
Okra
Gujarat Okra-1
1986
125.00
Pedigree selection
5
Garlic
Gujarat Garlic-2
1993
74.57
Clonal selection
6
Garlic
Gujarat Garlic-3
1999
75.35
Clonal selection
7
Okra
Gujarat Okra-2
1999
170.44
Pedigree selection
8
Onion
Gujarat White Onion-1
2000
431.45
Mass selection
9
Indian bean
Gujarat Papadi 1
2000
80.03
Pure line selection
10
Brinjal
Gujarat Brinjal Long –1
2001
319.30
Pure line selection
11
Brinjal
Gujarat Brinjal Hy.–2
2001
375.57
JBL-81 x JBL-51
12
Tomato
Gujarat Tomato-1
2002
251.36
Pure line selection
Varieties developed by this station after inception of the J.A.U. (After 01.05.2004):Total-14
Sr.
Crop
Variety
Released
year
Yield
q/ha
Parent / Pedigree
1
Sponge gourd 
Gujarat Sponge Gourd -1
2005
126.00
Mass selection
2
Brinjal
Junagadh Brinjal Green Round -1
2006
401.07
Pure line selection
3
Garlic
Gujarat Garlic-4
2007
89.33
Colonl selection
4
Tomato
Junagadh Tomato-3
2008
384.60
Pure line selection
5
Okra
Gujarat Okra Hybrid-2
2009
148.36
Heterosis Breeding
6
Brinjal
Junagadh Brinjal-2
2009
330.68
Pedigree method of selection
7
Brinjal
Gujarat Junagadh Brinjal -2
2010
342.94
Pedigree method of selection
8
Okra
Gujarat Junagadh Okra -3
2010
150.52
Pedigree method of selection
9
Okra
Gujarat Junagadh Okra Hybrid- 3
2011
138.40
Heterosis Breeding
10
Indian Bean
Gujarat Junagadh Indian Bean- 11
2011
93.12
Pure line selection
11
Indian Bean
(Papdi)
Gujarat Junagadh Papdi -2
2012
112.46
Pure line selection
12
Ridge Gourd
Gujarat Junagadh Ridge Gourd Hybrid- 1
2012
113.30
Heterosis Breeding
13
Brinjal
Gujarat Junagadh Brinjal- 3
2012
393.88
Pedigree method of selection
14
Garlic
Gujarat Junagadh Garlic-4
2014
79.42
Clonal selection
Varieties endorsed after inception  of the G.A.U. (after 1.6.72) : Total- 4
Sr
Crop
Name of Variety
Year of endorsed
Yield (q/ha)
Breeding Centre
1
Brinjal
PLR-1
1994
453.28 
Palur, T.N.
2
Brinjal
KS-224
1994
369.53
Kalyanpur U.P.
3
Okra
Parbhani Kranti
1994
148.88
Parbhani
4
Cowpea
Arka Garima
1996
118.19
Banglore
Varieties identified for cultivation under AICVIP for different Zones: Total -7
Sr.
Crop
Name of Variety/
Hybrid
Breeding
center
Year of release (For zone)
1
Brinjal
JBH-1 (GBH-2)
Junagadh
2001 (Zone IV, VI)
2
Sponge gourd
JSGL-55 (GSG-1)
Junagadh
2004 (Zone VI)
3
Okra
JNDOL-03-1
Junagadh
2007 (Zone VII & VIII)
4
Okra
JNDOH-2 (GOH – 2)
Junagadh
2008 (Zone II, IV, VI, VII & VIII)
5
Garlic
JNDG-213 (GG – 4)
Junagadh
2009 (Zone IV)
6
Okra
JND-05-9 (GJOH - 3)
Junagadh
2010 (Zone V, VI & VII)
7
Okra
JOH-08-19 (GJOH - 4)
Junagadh
2014 (Zone VI & VII)
Recommendations made by this Station:
Crop Production: Total – 42
No
Aspect
Year
Recommendations in brief
1. Brinjal : Total - 3
1.
Fertilizer cum spacing
1996 
37.5 kg P2O5 and 37.5 kg K2O should be given as a basal dose. 100 kg N in two splits at 3 weeks and at a flowering stage after T.P. at 40x40 cm spacing.
2.
Weed control in Brinjal*
2001
Application of Pendimethalin 1.0 kg a.i. /ha + HW at 30 DAT recorded the highest fruit yield of 341.66 q/ha with CBR of 1:3.14.
3.
Weed management
2002
Pendimethalin @ 1.00 kg a.i. /ha  at pre-planting stage and one hand weeding at 30 days after transplanting.
2. Tomato : Total - 4
1.
Fertilizer trial on hybrid tomato*
2001
Application of N @ 180 kg/ha + Phosphorus 120 kg/ha along with potash 80 kg/ha with cost benefit ratio 1:2.66 which gave the maximum fruit yield of 285.26 q/ha.
2.
Fertilizer
2002
120 kg P2O5 should be given as a basal dose. 180 kg N in two splits at 30 and 50 days after transplanting.
3.
Foliar application of micronutrients
2010
In addition to NPK @ 75-37.5-62.5 kg/ha; apply three spray of mixture of all the micronutrients at 40, 50 and 60 days after transplanting.
4.
 
Integrated Nutrient Management
2010
Apply nutrients with NPK through chemical fertilizers @ 120-40-60 kg/ha + FYM 10 t/ha + S @ 25 kg/ha + Azotobactor @ 5 kg/ha.
3. Onion : Total - 15
1.
Fertilizer for bulb production
1982
37.5 kg N and 37.5 kg P2O5/ha as basal dose and 37.5 kg N/ha after one month of transplanting.
2.
Fertilizer for seed production
1982
 
37.5 kg N. 75 kg P2O5 and 50 Kg K2O as a basal dose and 37.5 kg N/ha after one month of planting.
3.
 
Storage study
1981
 
The foliar application of 500 ppm Maleic hydrazide (M.H. 40) 15 days before harvesting of the onion.
4.
Sowing time of Kanji bulb
1988
 
Kanji should be sown at 20th September onwards to obtain maximum yield.
5.
Sowing time and spacing
1988
 
Seed sowing in nursery at 20th Sept. and transplanting after 40 days at 10 x 10 cm.
6.
Weed control in Onion
1997
The treatment Pendimethalin 1.00 kg a.i./ha + 1 HW at 45 DAT with highest cost benefit ratio of 1:2.22 and gave highest onion bulb yield 552.18 q/ha.
7.
Fertilizer cum spacing
1999
37.5 kg N. 60 kg P2O5 and 50 kg K2O should be given as a basal dose. 37.5 kg N/ha should be given one month after transplanting spacing at 10 x 10 cm
8.
Fertilizer for bulb production
2007
For Kharif season, apply 37.5 kg N, 50 kg P2O5 and 25 kg K2O per hectare as a basal dose. 37.5 kg N/ha should be applied at one month after transplanting.
9.
Effect of sulphur fertilizer on bulb yield of onion
2007
Apply 20 kg sulphur/ha before 20 to 25 days of transplanting in the form of elemental sulphur for getting economically maximum bulb yield.
10.
Planting and fertilizer application method on seed yield of onion
2009
Grow bulbs on ridges with planting spacing of 30 cm x 30 cm for getting economically maximum seed yield of onion during rabi season.
11.
Foliar application of nutrients
2010
For bulb production during rabi season, apply three spray of NPK (19:19:19) at 30, 45 and 60 days after planting.
12.
Drip irrigation
2010
For seed production during rabi season, grow bulbs with drip irrigation at 75 % PE daily.
13.
Weed management
2013
Application of Oxyflurofen 23.5% EC before planting (1.5 to 1.5 ml/l of water) + one hand weeding at 40-60 days after transplanting was found superior in terms marketable bulb yield, WCE and B:C ratio. WCE increased by 65-80% over control.
14.
Integrated Nutrient Management
2013
Combined application of 110:40:60:40 kg NPKS along with organic manures equivalent to 15 t FYM  and Azospirillum and PSB @ 5 kg each/ha was better with respect to marketable bulb yield and cost benefit ratio. It also reduces the use of inorganic fertilizers by 25%. 
15.
Sulphur Application
2014
Application of Sulphur @ 30 kg/ha is recommended where soils' sulphur level is more than 15 kg/ha. Whereas, Sulphur @ 45 kg/ha is recommended where soils' sulphur level is less than 15 kg/ha. Gypsum is recommended as a source of sulphur.
4. Garlic : Total - 5
1.
Fertilizer
1982
25 kg N 50 kg P2O5 and 50 kg K2O/ha should be applied as a basal dose. 25 kg N/ha one month after sowing.
2.
Storage study
1981
The foliar application of 1500 ppm Maliec Hydrazide 15 days before harvesting of bulb.
3.
Sowing time and spacing
1993
Seed sowing from 1st to 21st Oct. a distance of 10x10 cm.
4.
Fertilizer trial on Garlic
1997
Maximum cost benefit ratio 1:2.63 was recorded under application of 50 kg N + 60 kg K2O5/ha.
5.
Integrated Nutrient Management
2014
Application of 75:40:40:40 kg NPKS/ha along with combination of two or three organic manures (FYM, Poultry manure and Vermicompost) equivalent to 15 t FYM/ha is recommended.
5. Okra : Total - 6
1.
Seed Production (Pickings)
1982
Three pickings of green pods, prior to allow the pods to mature for seed production.
2.
Sowing time and  spacing in Summer Okra
1997
 
Sowing time 25th January to 10th February at a spacing of 30 x 15 cm
3.
Weed management
(seed crop)
1997
 
Pendimethalin 0.6 kg a.i./ha at pre-planting stage and two hand weeding at 25 and 50 days after sowing.
4.
Fertilizer
2002
Application of 150 kg N and 50 kg P2O5/ha for okra variety GO-2.
5.
Varietal trial and sowing time
2005
The variety Varsha Uphar should be sown on 15th June.
6.
Integrated nutrient management in okra
2013
Apply FYM @ 10t/ha + half RDF (75:25:25 N:P2O5:K2O kg/ha) to get higher yield and net profit in summer okra.
6. Cauliflower : Total - 2
1.
Seed production
 (Sowing time)
1981
Seed sowing in nursery from 25th August to 15th September
2.
Fertilizer-cum-spacing
1997
Basal dose of 37.5 kg P2O5 as a basal and 150 kg N in two splits at 3 and 6 weeks after transplanting at a distance of 30 x 30 cm.
7. Cabbage : Total - 1
1.
Fertilizer and spacing
1991
40 kg P2O5 as basal dose. 75 kg each of N at 3 and 6 week after transplanting at spacing of 30 x 30 cm.
8. Bitter gourd  : Total - 1
1.
Fertilizers
1999
30 kg N, 60 kg P2O5 and 60 kg K2O should be given as a basal dose. 30 kg N/ha at flowering stage.
9. Bottle gourd :  Total - 2
1.
Training and Pruning 
2000
Training and pruning of bottle gourd during kharif season is not suitable to obtained higher fruit yield.
2.
Integrated nutrient management
2015
Application of poultry manure @ 2.5 t/ha + half recommended NPK through chemical fertilizers in bottle gourd resulted in maximum green fruit yield (180.86) and net returns with B:C ratio of 3.09, followed by application of FYM @ 10 t/ha + half recommended NPK through chemical fertilizers
10. Ridge gourd:  Total - 1
1.
Integrated nutrient management in ridge gourd
2013 
Apply FYM @ 5t/ha and 25:12.5:12.5 N:P2O5:K2O kg/ha to get higher yield and net return in summer ridge gourd.
11. Cowpea:  Total - 1
1.
Integrated nutrient management
2015
Maximum green pod yield (117.98 q/ha) of cowpea was obtained when crop was nourished with FYM @ 10 t/ha + Half NPK through chemical fertilizers with highest net returns and B: C ratio of 4.79. OR Poultry manure @ 2.5 t/ha + Half NPK through chemical fertilizers OR   Vermicompost @ 2.5 t/ha + Half NPK through chemical fertilizers.
12. Inter cropping in vegetable crops:  Total - 1
1.
Inter cropping of seed spices in vegetables
 
2015
The higher gross return can be obtained under intercropping of cabbage + coriander (1:2) OR carrot + ajwain (3:1) OR carrot + fennel (3:1).
Crop Protection: Total – 14
No
Disease
Year
Recommendations
 1.   Onion : Total - 2
1.
Purple Blotch
1994
Spraying of ziram 0.15 % (20 ml/10 L) or mancozeb 0.2 % (27g/10 L) or carbendazim 0.05% (10g/10 L) should be done at the appearance of purple blotch and then two sprays at an interval of 15 days.
2.
Leaf Blight
2001
For effective control of purple blotch leaf blight disease of onion and weed management in rabi onion crop can be achieved by application of three sprays of mancozeb 0.2% (27g/10L) at an interval of 20 days starting from 25 days after transplanting and pendimethalin @ 1 litre a.i./ha (40ml/10 L) after three days of transplanting.
2.  Garlic : Total - 2
1.
Stem phylium  Leaf Blight
2003
For effective control of Stemphylium leaf blight disease, first spray of carbendazim 0.05% (10g/10 L) and subsequent three sprays of haxaconazole @ 0.008 % (16ml/10 L) or four spray of either thiophanate methyl @ 0.05% (7g/10 L) or mancozeb @ 0.2% (27g/10 L) during rabi season at 10 days interval starting from initiation of blight diseases.
2.
Powdery mildew
2007
Apply three sprays of thiophanate methyl 70% WP @ 0.05 % (CBR 1:7.85) or hexaconazole 5% EC @ 0.008 % (CBR 1:6.48) at 10 days interval starting from initiation of powdery mildew.
3.  Chilli : Total - 1
1.
Leaf curl
1995
Soil application of phorate 1.25 kg.a. i. /ha at the time of transplanting and spraying of monocrotophos 0.05% (14ml/ 10L) at 30 days after transplanting and then at 10 days interval.
4.  Tomato : Total - 3
1.
Late  Blight
1996
Six sprays of mancozeb 0.2% (27g/10 L) starting from 15 days after transplanting at an interval of 10 days.
2.
Early Blight
2004
Seed treatment with captan @ 3 g/kg seeds and application of carbofuran @ 1 kg a.i./h.a. (33 kg/ha) in seed bed and covering of nursery with nylon net (400 mesh) after sowing and after transplanting, four sprays of mancozeb @ 0.3 % (27g/10 L) (ICBR 1:7.09) during rabi season at  15 days interval starting from initiation of early blight disease is recommended.
3.
leaf blight
2013
Three sprays of copper hydroxide 77 WP @ 0.2%(25g/10 lit water) at 10 days interval starting from the initiation of the disease.
5.   Cauliflower : Total - 1
1.
Damping off
1998
Seed treatment of thiride 75% SD 2 g/kg seeds followed by drenching of seed bad with thiride 75 % W.P. 0.2% (27g/10 L) at 3 lt./M at 15 days after showing.
6.  Ridge gourd : Total - 2
1.
Downy  mildew
2000
Spraying of Bordeaux mixture @ 0.5% (50g CuSO4, 50g lime /10 L) or copper oxychloride 50% w.p. % @ 0.3% (60g /10 L), first spray 40-45 DAS, then subsequent sprays at an interval of 7 days.
2.
Downy  mildew
2011
Adoption of bower system and seed treatment with Metalaxy 8 % + Mancozeb (64% WP) @ 4 g/kg seeds + three times removal of old leaves in the morning and three sprays of Mancozeb (75% WP) @ 0.2% in the afternoon at 45, 55 and 65 DAS for economic and effective control of downy mildew disease in ridge gourd.
7.  Okra: Total - 1
1.
Root rot
2011
Seed treatment with Trichoderma @ 10 g/kg seed, + application of Trichoderma @ 2.5 kg in 500 kg FYM/ha + drenching with Trichoderma 10 gm/lit of water @ 1000 lit/ha at 15 DAS for the effective management of Rhizoctonia root rot in okra.
8.  Bottle gourd:  Total – 1
1.
Powdery mildew
2012
Three foliar sprays wettable sulphur (0.2%) at 15 days intervals starting from the initiation of disease found against powdery mildew disease of bottle gourd.
9.  Cowpea:  Total - 1
1.
Leaf spot and Rust diseases
2012
Two foliar sprays of propiconazole (0.025%) at 15 days intervals found effective against Cercospora leaf spot and rust (Uromyces) diseases.
Summery of the recommendations made by this station from the year 1972 to 2015:
Sr. No.
Crop
Total recommendations from the year 1972 to 2015
Crop Improvement
Crop Production
Crop Protection
1.
Brinjal
13
3
-
2.
Tomato
4
4
3
3.
Onion
2
15
2
4.
Garlic
4
5
2
5.
Okra
7
6
1
6.
Cauliflower
-
2
1
7.
Cabbage
-
1
-
8.
Bitter gourd 
-
1
-
9.
Bottle gourd
1
2
1
10.
Ridge gourd
1
1
2
11.
Sponge gourd
1
-
-
12.
Valor
2
-
-
13.
Papdi
2
-
-
14.
Chilli
1
-
1
15.
Cowpea
1
1
1
16.
Vegetables
-
1
-
 
Total
39
42
14
 Awards & Prizes received :
Sr.
Name of Awards
Organizer
Year/Prize
1
Fruit, flower & vegetable exhibition, Ahmedabad
Gujarat Horticulture Society, Ahmedabad
1998/
Revolving Trophy
2
Fruit, flower & vegetable exhibition, Anand
Gujarat Horticulture Society, Ahmedabad
1999/
First Prize
3
Fruit, flower & vegetable exhibition, Ahmedabad
Gujarat Horticulture Society, Ahmedabad
2000/
Second Prize
4
Women Agricultural Fair,
Junagadh
Farmers training center, Junagadh
2000/
Third Prize
5
Sardar patel Agriculture Award, Gandhinagar
Government of Gujarat, Gandhinagar
2001-02
6
Gyanganga Agricultural Fair,
Junagadh
Gujarat Agriculture University, Junagadh
2003/
Third Prize
Transfer of Technologies:
The technologies developed at this research station is being discriminated to the various extension agencies, N.G.O's, farmers and students in the following ways
  1. Organizing farmers day  at the station as well as on sub-center.
  2. Participating in the 'Krushi Mela', Krushi Mahotsav, farmers’ days and Agril. Exhibition organized by University or other agencies.
  3. Educating govt. officers in pre – seasonal training, farmer shibir, farmers’ day, JAU to the farmer’s door, RAWE programmed, Agriculture fair, Agriculture exhibition,   diagnostic team visit and other training programmes.
  4. Conducting FLDs and organizing field days on farmers’ field.
  5. Educating students during Kendra Nivas and to farmers during visit of this station.
  6. Through TV, Radio broadcasting, literature, press note, personnel / spot field diagnosis and letter etc.
Linkage of the center to SAUs and National institute/center:
(a)  Linkage of the center to SAUs / Department.
  1. Anand Agricultural University, Anand.
  2. Sardar Krushi Nagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Dantiwada.
  3. Navasari Agricultural University, Navasari.
  4. Directorate of Horticulture, Gandhinagar.
  5. Directorate of Agriculture, Gandhinagar.
(b)  Linkage of the center to National institute / center.
  1. Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi (U.P.).
  2. Indian Institute of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.
  3. Indian Institute of Hortcultural Research, Bangalore (Karnataka).
  4. Nation Research on Onion and Garlic, Rajgurunagar, Pune (Maharashtra).
  5. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resource, New Delhi.
  6. Directorate of Arecanut & Spices Development, Calicut (Kerala).
  7. National Horticultural Research Development Foundation, Nasik (Maharashtra).
  8. National Horticultural Mission, Central Government, New Delhi.
  9. Agricultural Universities and Agricultural Research Stations which are engaged in research on vegetable crops at National level.

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