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Main Oilseeds Research Station
Junagadh Agricultural University
Junagadh- 362 001 (Gujarat)
(Year of Establishment : 1956)

 

Introduction :
The Main Oilseeds Research Station was established at Junagadh during the year 1956 in the state with the objectives to breed and develop high yielding, disease and pest resistant and better quality varieties of different oilseed crops like groundnut, castor, sesame, sunflower, soybean and mustard. Currently, the centre is actively engaged in groundnut and castor research work in the main areas like,
  1. Crop breeding and genetics- Crop improvement
  2. Agronomy- Crop production
  3. Plant Protection : (a) Agril. Entomology, (b) Plant Pathology,
  4. Plant Physiology
In addition to these, the station is also working as a testing center for Mustard, Sunflower and Sesame crops. The center also contributes the groundnut varieties and castor hybrids for National level research programme and it is one of the centre for the All India Coordinated Research Projects on Groundnut, Castor, National Seed Project, RKVY Seed Project and aflatoxin project.
Mandate of castor research :
  1. To develop early maturing groundnut varieties with high yield potential, better quality and high oil content.
  2. To develop disease, pest, drought and aflatoxin resistant groundnut varieties with good export potential.
  3. To evolve production technologies for newly developed and improved varieties.
  4. To provide breeder seed of groundnut varieties to the agencies of Gujarat and India.
  5. To disseminate information generated through research to farmers through front line demonstrations.
  6. To solve problems regarding groundnut production through radio, TV programmes, popular articles, hand outs, personal discussion, night discussion, and by organizing farmers' day and week end training programmes etc.
Objectives :
  1. To evolve varieties of groundnut crop with high yield potential, better quality, with fresh seed dormancy (in Spanish bunch group) and drought, disease and pest resistance.
  2. To develop agro technology and plant protection measures for newly released groundnut and castor variety.
  3. To develop varieties and hybrids of castor crop with high yield potential, early maturity better quality and disease and pest resistance.
  4. To produce breeder seeds of groundnut varieties as per state and national indents.
  5. To assess agronomic practices and plant protection measures for castor varieties / hybrids.
  6. To manage root-knot nematode in groundnut through integrated approach, with special emphasis on non-chemical methods and access economical losses due to nematodes at different places.
  7. Preparation of database of aflatoxin in groundnut for Saurashtra region.
  8. Farmers participatory research through on farm front line demostrations of groundnut and castor.
Research Activities:
I. Breeding:
A. Groundnut:
1. Crop Improvement
2. Experimental works in State and AICRP trials of summer and kharif seasons
3. Testing of breeding materials
4. Fresh crosses to generate breeding materials.
5. Germplasm evaluation
6. Seed multiplication of promising lines
7. Seed production of groundnut varieties
8. Production of nucleus and breeder seed of groundnut as per the DAC indent received from Government of India and Govt. of Gujarat
B. Castor:
1. Crop Improvement
2. Experimental works in State and AICRP trials of kharif seasons
3. New crossing programme, Segregating materials and Maintenance of Inbred lines
4. Development and maintenance of pistillate lines
5. Evaluation of hybrids/varieties in different trials
C. Sesamum: - Varietal evaluation under state and national programme
D. Soyabean: - Varietal evaluation under state and national programme
E. Mustard: - Varietal evaluation under state and national programme
II. Agronomy:
1. Water, nutrient and weed management in groundnut and castor
2. Intercropping studies on groundnut and castor
3. Survey of agronomic practices in the area of summer and kharif groundnut cultivation
4. Intercropping system of groundnut with castor, pearl millet, cotton and pigeon pea.
5. Agronomic practices for AVT (bunch, semi spreading, spreading) entries and new trials as per AICRP technical programme
III Entomology:
1. Screening of groundnut entries / lines from PET, SSVT, SVT, IVT and AVT for resistance to insect-pests in kharif and Summer Groundnut, Sesamum, Castor and Mustard.
2. Monitoring of Spodoptera litura using pheromone trap, pest incidence in kharif groundnut.
3. Testing the bio-efficacy of certain insecticides in Groundnut and Castor
IV. Pathology:
1. Survey and Monitoring of various diseases of oilseed crops to find out the intensity and disease situation in Saurashtra region of Gujarat.
2. Screening of Promising genotypes of oilseed crops against major diseases.
3. Integrated and ecofriendly management of major diseases of groundnut and castor.
4. Integrated management of groundnut root-knot nematode.
5. Screening of castor trial entries for root rot resistance in sick plot.
V. Plant Physiology:
Physiological parameters studies on different groundnut entries in early maturity, greater partitioning of dry matter to pods during pod filling phase, presence of short term dormancy (7-15 days) in SB groundnut and drought tolerance.
Faculty Profile :
Sr.
Name
Qualification
Specialized subject
Plant Breeding.(Groundnut)
1
Dr. K.L.Dobariya
Research Scientist (Groundnut)
Ph.D.
Plant Breeding & Genetics
2
Dr.H.G.Shekhat
Assistant Research Scientist
Ph. D.
Plant Breeding & Genetics
3
Dr. V.H.Kachhadia
Assistant Research Scientist
Ph. D.
Plant Breeding & Genetics
4
Shri J.N.Faldu
Agriculture Officer
B.Sc. (Agri)
-
5
Shri H. R. Barad
Agriculture Officer
M. Sc. (Agri.)
Plant Breeding & Genetics
6
Shri C.J.Rajani
Agriculture Officer
M. Sc. (Agri.)
Genetics & Plant Breeding
Plant Breeding (Castor)
7
Dr.J H Vachhani
 Research Scientist (Castor)
Ph. D.
Plant Breeding & Genetics
8
Dr.R.H.Kavani
Associate  Research Scientist
Ph. D.
Plant Breeding & Genetics
9
Dr. R.B. Madariya
Associate Research Scientist
Ph. D.
Plant Breeding & Genetics
10
Shri A.G.Gadhiya
Associate Research Scientist
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Plant  Breeding & Genetics
11
Shri D.K.Davara
Agriculture Officer
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Plant Pathology
12
Shri M.S. Chaudhari
Agriculture Officer
B.Sc. (Agri.)
-
Seed Production
 
13
Dr. M. B. Patel
Assistant Research Scientist
Ph. D.
Plant Breading & Genetics
14
Shri N. H. Patel
Agriculture Officer
Diploma (Agri.)
-
Agronomy and Plant Physiology
15
Dr P.M.Vaghasia
Associate Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Agronomy
16
Dr. C.K.Mandaviya
Research Scientist (P)
Ph.D
Plant Physiology
17
Shri K.D.Vekaria
Associate Research Scientist (P)
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Agronomy
18
Dr. M. V. Naliyadhara
Assistant Research Scientist
Ph. D.
Horticulture
19
Shri R.N.Daki
Agriculture Officer
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Agronomy
Entomology
20
Dr. G.A. Parmar
Associate Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Entomology
21
Dr. D.V. khanpara
Assistant Research Scientist
Ph.D
Entomology
22
Shri M.K. Ghelani
Assistant Research Scientist
M.Sc. (Agri.)
Entomology
Pathology
23
Dr. H.J.Kapadiya
Associate Research Scientist
Ph.D
Plant Pathology
 
24
Dr. R.P. Lakhatari
Associate Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Plant Pathology
25
Dr. A.M. Moradiya
Assistant Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Plant Pathology
Research Projects & Schemes (Ongoing) :
(Plan, Non plan, ICAR, GOI, Other agencies etc.) 
Sr.
No
Name of the Scheme
Budget Head
Type of Scheme
Funding Agency
Year of Commencement
1.
Project for Research in Oilseeds
5008
Non- Plan
State
1972
2.
National Agricultural Research Project (NARP)
7082/A
Non- Plan
State
1987
3.
Strengthening Research in Oilseeds
12008
Plan
State
1986
4.
All India Coordinated Research Project on Groundnut
2008/1G
I.C.A.R. Plan
I.C.A.R.
1968
5.
All India Coordinated Research Project on Castor
2008/1C
I.C.A.R. Plan
I.C.A.R.
1993
6.
Strengthening Research in Castor
12584
Plan
State
2008
7.
Aflatoxin and its management in groundnut at saurashtra region of Gujarat  at oilseed
12028
Plan
State
2014
8.
Production of groundnut breeder seed at farmers field and Oilseed, Junagadh
18247-33
 
ICAR
2014
9.
Front line demo.
(FLD)-Castor
2704-23
AICRP
AICRP
1988
10.
Privet company project trial for testing of new Molecules against weeds, diseases & pest.
18008-43,44,45,
46,47, 48, 49,
50 51 &52
Other agency
Other agency
 
2012
2013
2014
Achievements: (High Yielding Varieties / Hybrids)
Groundnut :
Sr.
Name of
variety
Year of release
Area recommended for cultivation
Pod yield kg/ha
Oil
%
Days to maturity
Remarks
a.
Varieties released for kharif season
1
J-11
1964
Gujarat
1389
48.1
90-95
Aflatoxin resistance
2
GAUG-1
1973
Gujarat
1483
50.2
95-110
High yielding
3
GAUG-10
1973
Gujarat
1820
49.4
110-120
High yielding
4
GG-2
1986
Gujarat
1336
49.6
98
Early maturing and high yielding
5
GG-11
1987
Gujarat
1430
48.6
110-114
Suitable for pre- monsoon sowing
6
 
GG-12
1991
Gujarat
1437
49.6
112-115
Early maturing and suitable for rainfed conditions
7
GG-20
1991
All Gujarat except North Gujarat
1960
50.7
109
High yield and oil content
8
GG-3
1991
Northern Maharashtra & Madhya Pradesh
1283
51.0
100
Early maturing
9
GG-13
1994
Gujarat
1511
49.6
120
Suitable for pre -monsoon sowing
10
GG-5
1996
Saurashtra
1270
49.2
100
Bold seeded
11
GG-7
2000
Gujarat & Rajasthan
2194
48.5
99
Bold seeded
12
GG-14
2001
Northern Rajasthan, U.P., Panjab, Haryana
2159
52.0
123
High oil content
13
GG-15
2004
Tamil Nadu, A.P., Karnataka, Keral, Southern Maharashtra
1737
47.0
116
High yielding
14
GG-21
2004
Northern Rajasthan, U.P., Panjab, Haryana
1843
53.0
123
High yielding
15
GG-8
2005
Northern Maharashtra & Madhya Pradesh
1716
46.0
106
High yielding
16
GG-16
2005
Tamil Nadu, A.P., Karnataka, Keral, Southern Maharashtra
1992
46.0
119
High yielding
17
GJG- HPS-1
2008
Saurashtra & South Gujarat
2125
47.9
110-120
Suitable for HPS and confectionary uses
18
GJG-9
2010
Gujarat
1632
48.17
103
High yielding
19
GJG-17
2011
Gujarat
1798
48.51
121
High yielding &
Tolerant to stem rot
20
GJG-22
2011
Saurashtra & South Gujarat
1770
51.62
118
High yielding & Tolerant to collar rot
21
GJG-18
2013
Odisa, West Bangal, Jharkhand & Manipur
1450
48.0
121
 High yield
22
GJG-19
2014
Odisa, West Bangal, Jharkhand & Manipur
1876
47.0
122
 High yield and Tolerant to  stem rot, rust & dry root rot
b
Varieties released for summer season
21
GG-2
1984
Gujarat
1947
49.0
120
High yielding
22
GG-4
1993
Gujarat
2007
50.8
119
High yielding & early maturing
23
GG-6
1999
Gujarat
2782
50.28
119
High yielding
24
GJG-31
2010
Gujarat
3483
49.24
117
High yielding
Castor :
Sr. No.
Name of variety
Year of release
Area recommended for cultivation
Yield kg/ha
Remarks
a
Varieties
1
GAUC 1
1973
Rainfed areas of Gujarat
1250
High yield
2
GC 3
2006
Irrigated areas of Gujarat
2340
Wilt resistant
b
Hybrids
3
GCH 3
1965
Gujarat
1543
High yield
4
GAUCH 1
1973
Gujarat, Rajasthan
1942
High yield
5
GCH 2
1985
Gujarat
1747
Root rot tolerant
6
GCH 6
2000
Irrigated areas of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Madhy Pradesh
2349
Root rot resistant

Other achievements:- (a), Seed Production
Groundnut Breeder Seed (2005-06 to 2014-15 in quintals.)

  Varieties
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014- 15
GG-2
190.00
117.34
78.50
138.01
194.15
154.30
113.87
37.80
79.12
91.76
GG-3
50.00
14.56
0.50
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
GG-5
166.75
117.00
101.80
114.85
73.65
64.16
70.80
41.36
65.48
58.50
GG-6
6.00
10.82
15.30
32.45
12.00
60.00
1.40
-
-
-
GG-7
124.95
41.80
37.30
23.70
24.30
26.71
10.70
13.50
18.60
32.10
GG-8
-
-
0.63
8.5
18.60
11.00
10.30
7.35
8.10
17.65
SB-XI
35.35
20.20
6.12
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
GG-20
450.00
378.52
293.50
344.90
405.56
312.33
522.93
696.57
1276.0
1619.77
GAUG-10
40.00
25.00
48.00
64.20
85.50
59.22
32.34
2.85
15.00
36.40
GG-11
10.00
30.00
75.00
51.20
87.70
38.25
53.40
52.40
58.65
70.00
GG-13
15.00
15.99
20.00
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
GG14
55.00
44.55
60.60
51.00
42.00
17.91
43.70
-
-
-
GG-16
-
-
2.00
8.63
13.90
25.50
23.70
4.06
29.80
18.00
GG-21
-
19.00
30.00
15.13
15.40
5.70
12.30
1.71
13.80
12.30
GJGHPS-1
-
-
-
-
-
4.50
40.80
34.50
48.30
53.10
GJG-9
-
-
-
-
-
4.00
7.88
20.20
46.70
35.60
GJG-31
-
-
-
-
-
5.25
31.50
24.05
33.23
18.10
GJG-17
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12.20
42.40
32.08
GJG-22
-
-
-
-
-
-
12.60
18.65
104.84
Total
1143.05
834.78
769.25
852.57
972.76
788.83
975.62
961.15
1753.83
2197.20
Recommendations :

Agronomy :- Kharif Groundnut

1 For maximum economic return, fertilizer dose for kharif groundnut crop is recommended @12.5 +25 + 0 kg NPK/ha (1978).
2 The farmers growing groundnut during kharif season are advised to grow spreading groundnut keeping 60 cm distance between the rows instead of 90 cm (1980).
3 For effective control of weeds in kharif groundnut the farmers are advised to keep the field in weed free condition by hand weeding and inter-culturing. Incase of shortage of labours, they should use TOK-e-25 (Nitrofen) @4 lit. a.i./ha or lasso (Alachlor) @ 2 lit. a.i. /ha dissolved in 500 lit. water and applied before emergence of the crop (1982).
4 Inter-cropping of bunch groundnut with hybrid castor spaced 120 cm apart with 2 rows of bunch groundnut was found most profitable giving increased income of about 17% over the sole crop of groundnut and 122% over sole crop of castor under Junagadh condition (1982).
5 The farmers growing groundnut during kharif season are advised to give one or two supplementary irrigation whenever there is dry spell during flowering, pegging and fruiting stage of crop growth for higher production (1982).
6 The farmers of Saurashtra region growing are advised JL-24 groundnut during kharif season to keep 45 cm distance between the rows with 125 kg kernels/ha to secure maximum yield. (1983).

7 The farmers of Saurashtra region are advised to plant spreading groundnut varieties as pre monsoon planting during last week of May to first week of June for getting higher yield as well as net profit (1983).
8 Inter cropping of 2 lines of bunch groundnut sown in between two rows of cotton recorded additional income of Rs. 3383/ha over sole crop of cotton (1984).
9 Inter cropping of bunch groundnut and castor in the ratio of 3:1 gave maximum gross income of Rs. 3781/ha (1986).
10 The farmers of South Saurashtra zone are advised to follow the spacing of 45 cm between two rows with the seed rate (GAUG-1) of 100 kg/ha for getting a higher return (1988).
11 In the South Saurashtra region, in which soils having medium to high potash, the application of potassium to kharif groundnut is not beneficial (1988).
12 In case of shortage of labour, farmers are advised to use fusillade @ 0.25 kg a.i./ha dissolved in 500 lit.water as post emergence application at 20-25 DAS for controlling annual grassy type weed. This will give about Rs. 1600 /ha more return than the un-weeded control (1989).
13 On the basis of net return and total groundnut equivalent yield the recommendation can be made to the farmers of South Saurashtra region who are having irrigation facility during entire year, to grow hybrid castor followed by summer groundnut or pre monsoon spreading groundnut-mustard-bunch groundnut or bunch groundnut-mustard - bunch groundnut cropping sequence (1990).
14 It is recommended that farmers of South Saurashtra region who are adopting cropping sequence of mustard in rabi and groundnut in kharif, there is no residual effect of mustard crop on production of kharif groundnut (1997).
15 Farmers of South Saurashtra Region are recommended to adopt weed free condition throughout season, where farm laboure are available or spraying of pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg/ha as a pre emergence + 1 HW at 30 DAS +2 IC at 30 & 45 DAS in paucity of farm laboure for more effective and profitable weed management (1997).
16 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone who are interested to grow groundnut variety GG-20 during kharif season are advised to sow the crop with seed rate of 120 to 125 kg/ha (about 3 lakh plants/ha) and 60 cm. spacing between the rows for getting a higher yield as well as net return (1997).
17 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone who are interested to adopt intercropping system in kharif groundnut variety GG-2 are recommended that to get higher yield and maximum net return in kharif season grow groundnut + pigeon pea intercrop in 3:1 ratio of groundnut + castor (3:1) (1998)
18 The farmers of South Saurashtra agro climatic zone are advised to sow confectionery groundnut variety GG-20 during kharif season (considering its higher shelling and kernel yield) and apply recommended dose of chemical fertilizers with 15 t FYM / ha for higher yield and net return. (1999)
19 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone following groundnut + Pigeon pea inter-relay cropping system are advised to sow groundnut (GG-2) in between pigeon pea (BDN-2) in 2:1 or 3:1 ratio at the on set of monsoon or 25 days after sowing of groundnut(2000).
20 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone following mono cropping system in the same field are advised to apply phosphorus @ 20 kg/ha every third year and FYM @ 10 t/ha every year (2000).

21 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone following groundnut+castor inter cropping system(3:1) are advised to fertilizer both the crops with recommended fertilizer dose on area basis for getting higher net realization(2000).
22 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone are advised to sow HPS groundnut during Kharif season as a pre-monsoon crop ( 30th May) for getting higher yield and net return without loosing its quality(2001).
23 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone who are growing Kharif groundnut cv. GG-20 are advised to apply FYM @ 10 t/ha every year. If it is not possible then farmers can apply recommended dose of fertilizer i.e. 12.5-25.0-00 NPK kg/ha for getting higher yield and net realization (2001).
24 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic region growing bunch groundnut -pigeon pea (2:1 ) inter cropping system are advised to keep crops weed free thought the season where farm labours are adequately available or under paucity of farm labours, application of pendimethalin@ 1 kg a.i./ha or fluchloralin @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha as pre-emergence + 3 1C (25-40-55 DAS)+ 2 HW (30 and 45 DAS) for most effective weed control and getting higher yield and net return (2003).
25 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic region growing bunch groundnut -pigeon pea inter cropping system (2:1) under rain fed conditions are advised to maintained the 100% plant density by keeping inter row spacing of 7.5 and 20 cm, respectively and apply 100% RDE at groundnut (I,.e. 12-5-25-0-00NPK kg/ha) as basal to both the crops for getting higher gross and net return(2003).
26 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone who are interested to growing semi-spreading groundnut: pigeon pea inter cropping system are advised to open their furrow at 40 cm distance and sow two row of groundnut GG-20 and one row of pigeon pea (Vaishali) and pigeon pea irrigate after harvesting of groundnut at 1.0 IW/CPE ratio (Four irrigation at an interval of 10 days) for getting maximum net realization(2008).
27 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agroclimatic zone growing rain fed groundnut (cv. GG-20) are advised to sow their crop with bullock drawn automatic seed drill keeping 120 kg seed ha-1 and seeds should be treated with Mancozeb @ 3.0 g/kg seed + Soil application of Trichoderma viride @ 2.5 kg/ha FYM based at the time of sowing for getting maximum pod yield and net realization(2008).
28 The farmers of south Saurashtra agro-climatic zone adopting groundnut-castor 3:1 inter cropping system are advised to irrigate their caster crop 1.0 IW/CPE ratio ( four irrigation, 1st irrigation 20 days after harvesting of Groundnut second, third and forth, irrigation at an interval of 10 days) for getting maximum net income(2008).
29 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing groundnut in Kharif season are advised to keep crop weed free by three hand weeding and interculturing at 20, 40 and 60 DAS. Under paucity of farm labourers, they are advised to apply pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg /ha pre-emergence and quizalofop ethyle @ 0.050 kg /ha or imazethapry @0.075kg /ha as post emergence at 20 DAS after sowing for effective weed control and net return (2010)
30 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing bunch groundnut are advised to select variety from the following varieties on priority basis under delayed onset of monsoon situations for realizing higher yield anf net return. (2010)
Order of Preference: Groundnut Varieties : GG-5, GG-2, J-11, GG-7, TG-37 A.
31 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing kharif groundnut are advised to apply FYM @ 7.5 t/ha + recommended dose of fertilizer (12.5-25.00 kg NP2O5/ha) + 25 kg ZnSo4 / ha. as basal for obtaining higher yield and net return. (2013).
32 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing kharif groundnut are advised to follow recommended practices of weed control, plant protection and fertilizer resource constraints, farmers are advised to prioritize their resources in order of weed control > plant protection > fertilizer management. (2013).
33 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone adopting groundnut Bt. cotton inter-cropping system (in 3:1 ratio) are advised to apply 100% recommended dose of fertilizer (12.5:25:0 kg N:P2O5:K2O/ha) to the groundnut crop and 150% recommended dose of fertilizer to the Bt. cotton crop (240 kg N/ha) for obtaining higher yield and net realization. Effect of bio-phos on the performance of castor (2014).

A Summer Groundnut:

1 The farmers of Junagadh are advised to irrigate the summer groundnut GAUG-1 at 50% depletion of available soil moisture for irrigating the crop at an interval of 7-8 days with the application of 50 kg P 20 5/ha with 25 kg N/ha in order to get maximum economical return (1983).
2 The farmers of Saurashtra region are advised to grow summer groundnut GAUG-1 keeping 22.5 cm distance between the rows with 100 kg seed rate/ha to get maximum return (1984)
3 The farmers of Saurashtra region interested in growing summer groundnut are advised to sow variety GG-2 during the first fortnight of January for getting maximum net return (1985).
4 For getting maximum return the farmers growing groundnut during summer season in the Saurashtra region are advised to apply the entire quantity of nitrogen in the furrow by drilling before sowing rather than as 2 or 3 split application in soil or as foliar spray (1985 ).
5 The farmers of Saurashtra are advised to apply 25 kg nitrogen/ha and 50 kg P205/ha as a basal application for maximum return (1985).
6 The farmers of South Saurashtra region growing groundnut in summer season are advised to give two irrigation of addition to the pre-planting irrigation, give only two irrigation up to 30 days at an interval of 15 days and rest of the 9 irrigation may be given at 9 to 10 days of interval (1985).
7 In the South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone the application of pendimethalin @ 0.75 kg a.i./ha as a pre-sowing incorporation followed by one hand weeding at 40 DAS in groundnut proved effective in checking the weed population in rabi/summer groundnut with the ICBR of 1:7.34 (1986).
8 The farmers of Saurashtra region are advised to give pre-emergence application of weedicides oxyflurofen @ 0.24 kg a.i./ha with one inter-culturing and one hand weeding as it was found beneficial. This was followed by pre-emergence application of fluchloralin @ 0.9 kg a.i./ha with inter-culturing and hand weeding. (1997)
9 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone who are interested in the cultivation of summer groundnut are advised to sow groundnut cultivars GG-2 at 22.5 cm to 30 cm with the seed rate of 120 kg / ha. to get high yield and net return(1998).
10 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic region of the Gujarat State, growing summer groundnut are advised to apply FYM @ to t/ha along with 50% RDF+ 500 kg gypsum/ha (i.e.12.5-25.0-00 NPK/ha) every year and give 11 irrigations as per recommendation (viz. 1st immediately after sowing for good germination, 2nd 18-20 DAS, 3rd and 4th 30 and 40 DAS, 5th to 9th at an internal of 7 to 8 days and the remaining irrigation at an interval of 8 to 9 days to their crop for obtaining higher yield and net realization (2003).

11 Recommendation For Scientific community :
Under South Saurashtra agro climatic zone irrigating summer groundnut with cent per cent average daily pan evaporation through drip irrigation system at alternate day and sowing the crop with 30cm spasing with lateral to each row resulted in maximum pod yield and net realization.
1. Lateral spacing-30 cm. 2. Dripper spacing-45cm. 3. Dripper discharge-2lph.
4. Operating time-1 hour & 5 minutes at alternate day. 5. Operating pressure- 1.2kg/cm2.
(9th Meeting Crop Production Sub-Committee of AGRESCO March 15-16,2013 at JAU,Junagadh excepted. But 9th Combined Crop Production/ NRM Sub-Committee Meeting held at Sadarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, S.K.Nagar 6-7 March, 2013 not excepted) (2012).
12 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing bold seeded summer groundnut are advised to fertilize the crop with 50 kg N, 25kg K2O, 40 kg S (120 kh/ha gypsum) per hactor with recommended dose of P2O5 (50 kg/ha) for securing higher yield and net realization. (2013).
13 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing summer groundnut are advised to fertilize the crop with FYM @ 7.5 t/ha + 100% RDF (25-50 kg N-P2O5/ha) along with foliar application of water soluble grade fertilizer 2% starter dose (11:36:24 % N:P:K + Borax 2%) at 30 DAS and booster dose (8:16:39 % N:P:K + Borax 2%) at 45 & 60 DAS for obtaining higher yield and net realization. (2014).
B Castor
1 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climate Zone are advised to follow 120 x 60 cm spacing for hybrid castor (GCH-5) in order to get maximum seed yield and net return (2001).
2 Farmers of south Saurashtra Agro-climate Zone following bunch groundnut + Castor intercropping system (3:1) are advised to fertilize only castor crop with recommended fertilizer dose on area basis for getting higher net realization (2001).
3 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climate Zone growing hybrid castor GCH-4 are advised to fertilize their crop with 50 % recommended dose of chemical fertilizer along with 50% N through castor cake for getting higher seed yield as well as monitory returns (2002).
4 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing hybrid castor GCH-6 are advised to sow the crop at onset of monsoon with keeping 90 x 60 cm spacing for getting higher seed yield as well as monetary return (2002).
5 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro- Climatic Zone growing hybrid castor GCH-6 under irrigated condition are advised to fertilize their castor crop with 40 kg P2 O5/ha along with 75 kg N/ha for getting maximum castor seed yield and net return (2006).
6 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climate Zone are advised to raise rabi castor after kharif bunch groundnut for obtaining higher castor equivalent yields and net returns along with application of 80 kg N/ha to rabi castor ( 2006).
7 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climate Zone are advised to sow their crop at onset of monsoon and soaking the seed in 1 % NaCl solution for three hours, to get higher seed yield and net income (2007).
8 The farmers of South Saurashtra agro-climatic zone growing irrigated castor are advised to apply 75-40-00 NPK kg/ha along with two inter culturing, two hand weeding and two spray of insecticide for getting maximum yield and net return. Among the various package of practices, fertilizer application is the most critical practice followed by weeding and plant protection affecting seed yield and monetary realization (2007).
9 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing irrigated castor are recommended to apply 20 kg S/ha through gypsum (154 kg/ha) along with recommended dose (75-40 NP kg/ha) as urea and DAP or the crop should be fertilized with RDF (75-40 NP kg /ha) through urea and single super phosphate for obtaining higher yield and net return (2010).
10 The farmers of South Saurashtra agro climatic zone- VII growing castor are advised to keep the crop weed free by hand weeding and interculturing. Under paucity of farm labourers, they are advised to apply pendimethalin 30 EC 1 kg/ha (67 ml/10lit.) as pre-emergence + quizalofop-ethyl 5 EC 0.05 kg/ha (20ml/10 lit. ) as post emergence (25 days after sowing) for effective weed control as well as to get higher yield and net returns. (2012)
11 The farmers of South Saurashtra agro climatic zone- VII growing castor are advised to keep the crop weed free by hand weeding and interculturing. Under paucity of farm labourers, they are advised to apply pendimethalin 30 EC 1 kg/ha (67 ml/10lit.) as pre-emergence + quizalofop-ethyl 5 EC 0.05 kg/ha (20ml/10 lit. ) as post emergence (25 days after sowing) for effective weed control as well as to get higher yield and net returns. (2012).
12 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing soybean are advised to adopt relay intercropping system with castor by sowing castor at 30 day after sowing of soybean with row ratio of 1:2 (castor: soybean) for securing higher yield and net return. (2013)
13 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing castor are advised to apply 40 kg P2O5/ha and treat the seeds with phosphate solubilizing microorganism (Chaetomium globosum) @ 30 g inoculants/50 g seed along with recommended dose of nitrogen (120 kg/ha) for obtaining higher seed yield and net return. (2014).
C Sesamum
1 The farmers of South Saurashtra region interested in growing sesame are advised to sow sesame variety Gujarat Til-1 with the onset of monsoon. If optimum moisture for good germination is available, the sowing can be done up to 3 weeks after the onset of monsoon without decrease in yield but not later than 2nd fortnight of July (1987).
D Soybean
1 A dose of 30 : 60 : 0 N P K kg/ha is found economical giving 27 per cent increased yield over no fertilizer for Junagadh region.
2 It is profitable to grow cotton after soybean, bajra after soybean than soybean after soybean giving Rs 2500 and Rs 2300/ha more income, respectively.
3 In Saurashtra region of Gujarat state it is advisable to adopt inter cropping of soybean with arhar, hybrid sorghum and groundnut (Bunch). Inter cropping of arhar at 60 cm + 1 row of soybean or arhar at 90cm + two rows of soybean is advantageous, followed by sorghum at 60 cm + one row of soybean or sorghum at 90 cm + two rows of soybean.
4 In South Saurashtra it is advisable to adopt inter cropping of soybean with arher, groundnut(bunch) and hybrid bajra (BJ-104). Inter cropping of arhar at 60cm + one row of soybean or arhar at 90 cm + two rows of soybean is beneficial followed by inter-cropping of groundnut at 60 cm + two rows of soybean and hybrid bajra at 90 cm + two rows of soybean.
5 In Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone, application of weedicides (Goal - 2 E) oxiflurofen 0.2 kg a.i./ha as pre-emergence in 500 lit. of water/ha along with one hand weeding at 30 DAS, proved effective for checking the weed population in Kharif soybean crop. If Goal - 2 E is not available, it is recommended to apply fluchloralin as pre-emergence @ 0.75 kg a.i./ha + one hand weeding 30 DAS for effective weed control in soybean crop (1989).
E Mustard (NARP)
1 The farmers of Saurashtra region interested in growing mustard are advised to sow mustard variety Varuna during first fortnight of October for getting maximum seed yield and return (1986).
2 The farmers of South Saurashtra region growing mustard variety Varuna are advised to fertilize with 75 kg nitrogen/ha (1/2 as a basal + 1/2 at 45 DAS) and crop is fertilized with 50 kg P 2O 5/ha as basal dose at sowing (1986).
3 The farmers of South Saurashtra region interested in cultivation of mustard variety Varuna are advised to irrigate five times to the crop at 15, 35, 50, 60 and 75 days after sowing in addition to pre sowing irrigation to get maximum yield (1987).
4 The farmers of South Saurashtra region interested in cultivation of mustard variety Varuna are advised to grow at a spacing of 45 cm between 2 rows and 15-20 cm between 2 plants to get maximum seed yield (1988).
5 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing mustard are advised to carry out one hand weeding at 30 DAS. Under paucity of labourers weeds may be checked with the application of fluchloralin @ 1 kg a.i./ha dissolved in 500 lit. water as pre planting incorporation to the soil (1992).

III Entomology :
A GROUNDNUT
1 For effective and economical control of groundnut leaf miners.spraying of Dichlorvos 0.05 % or Fenitrothion0.05 % or Phosalone0.05 % or Monocrotophos 0.04 % are recommended (1982).
2 For the effective control of groundnut leaf eating caterpillar (Spodoptera litura Feb.) spraying methomyl 20 % EC 0.05 % or chlorpyriphos 0.05 % is recommended (1984).
3 For controlling the pest complex of summer groundnut viz., jassid, thrips, leaf miner, and heliothis, any one of Phorate 10 G @ 1.0 kg a.i. /ha or Carbofuran 3 G @ 1.0 kg a.i. /ha insecticides application in soil at the time of sowing is recommended (1986).
4 For the effective and economical management of various pests of kharif groundnut, early sowing i.e. 15th June, followed by normal sowing (30 June) is recommended for obtaining maximum yield with minimum pest problems (1990).

5 Following insecticides is recommended to be applied once at the time of appearance of jassid, Empoesca karri Pruthi on summer groundnut in South Saurashtra Region (1994). 

Sr.No.
Insecticides
Concentration
NICBR
1.
Phosphamidon
0.03 %
1:80.99
2.
Dimethoate
0.03 %
1:48.05
3.
Monocrotophos
0.04 %
1:46.01
4.
Methyl-o-dematon
0.025 %
1:43.67
6 There was no any adverse effect of castor, soybean and cowpea crops grown as an intercrop with groundnut on incidence of aphid, jassid, thrip, leafminer and heliothis on groundnut crop grown during kharif season under South Saurashtra condition (1995).
7 Spray of recommended insecticides for the control of jassid in groundnut at level of 3 jassids / 20 leaves gave maximum economic return during summer and kharif seasons under South Saurashtra conditions (1995).
8 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing Kharif groundnut are advised to spray profenophos 40% + cypermethrin 4% 0.044% (10 ml/10 l) or thiamethoxam 25 WG 0.006% (2.4 g/10 l ) or Imidacloprid 17.8 SL 0.005% (2.8 ml/10 l ) or methyl-o-demeton 25 EC 0.025% (10 ml/10 l) or endosulfan 35EC 0.07% (20 ml/10 l ) at the initiation of the pest for effective and economic management of thrips (2010).
9 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing Kharif groundnut are advised to give seed treatment with Imidacloprid 600 FS @ 3g/kg seed or Thiamethoxam 70 WS @ 1g/kg seed or Dimethoate 30 EC 006% (20 ml/ 10 l ) as foliar spray at 15 and 30 days after sowing for effective and economic management of thrips and jassids (2010).
10 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing summer groundnut are advised to spray imidacloprid 17.8 SL 0.005% (3 ml/ 10 lire water;25g.a.i./ha.) twice at 15 days interval starting after initiation of past for effective and economical management of sucking pests in groundnut. The pre harvested interval (PHI) of insecticide is 40 days. (2013).
B CASTOR
1 For the effective and economics management of various pests of castor, late sowing i.e. 14th August and 40 + 40 Kg nitrogen/ha in two splits recommended for obtaining maximum yield with minimum pest problems (1987).
2 For effective control shoot and capsule borer in castor advised to Methyl parathion 2% dust or Chlorpyriphos 1.5% dust or Quinalphos 1.5% dust @ 25 kg/ha, any one of dusting at initial of infestation and second after fifteen days, or Monocrotophos 0.04 % or Dichlorvos 0.05 % spraying any one in castor at initial of infestation and second after fifteen days (1989).
3 The farmers of South Saurashtra Region of Gujarat State growing castor crop are advised to spray cypermethrin 0.01% or methyl-o-dematon 0.025% or dimethoate 0.03% first at initiation of infestation and second after 15 days of first spray for effective and economical control of leaf miner, Liriomyza trifolii Burg (2004).
4 Two sprays (first at initiation of infestation and second at 15 days after first spray) of any one of the following insecticides viz., Chlorpyriphos 0.05 % or Cypermethrin 0.015 % or Quinalphos 0.05% are recommended for the control of semilooper, Achea janata L. and leaf eating caterpillar, Spodoptera litura (Fab.) in castor crop grown under South Saurashtra region (2004).
5 For effective and economical management of wireworm in castor, seed treatment of carbaryl 50 WP @ 5g/ kg seed or carbosulfan 27.18 DS @ 5g/kg seed or imidacloprid 70 WS @ or 5g/kg seed furrow application with phorate @ 10 kg/ha is recommended under South Sourashtra condition (2007).
6 For effective and economic management of thrips in castor crop, spraying of acephate 0.05 % or dimethoate 0.03 % or profenophos 40% + cypermathrin 4 % 0.044% is recommended under South Saurashtra condition (2007).
C SESAMUM
1 One application of any one of the following insecticidal dust is recommended as they are found effective and economical for leaf roller pest. The application should be as made Methyl parathion 2 % or Carbaryl 5 % or Quinalphos 1.5 % or Endosulfan 4 % @ 25 kg/ha after appearance of the pest wherever this is a problem in the state(1983).
2 The farmers of South Saurashtra region of Gujarat state growing sesamum crop are advised to spray the insecticides Monocrotophos 0.05 % or Dichlorvos 0.05% or Dimethoate 0.03% or Quinalphos 0.05% at initiation of flowering stage and second spray followed after 15 days for effective control of sesamum gallfly and to gain higher economic return from sesamum cro (2001).
3 For effective control of sesamum mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks) in South Saurashtra region, two sprays (first at initiation of infestation and second after 15 days of first spray) of dicofol 0.02% or dimethoate 0.03% or wettable sulfur 0.2% are recommende (2004).
D MUSTARD
1. To control mustard aphid, any one of the following insecticides is recommended: 
Sr. No.
Insecticides
Dose or concentration
Note:
1.
Phosphamidon
0.025 %
Above treatments should be applied twice at an interval of 15 days after Commencement of aphid in the crop. (1987)
2.
Quinalphos
0.025 %
3.
Methyl parathion
2% dust @ 25 kg/ha
4.
Methyl parathion
0.05%
5.
Quinalphos
1.5% dust @ 25 kg/ha
6.
Monocrotophos
0.05 %
7.
Chlorpyriphos
1.5% dust @ 25 kg/ha
2 Application of recommended insecticide on mustard at one aphid (Lipaphis erysimi Kalt.) index manages the aphid population effectively and economically in the agro climatic condition of Saurashtra (1992).
3 The farmers of South Saurashtra Region of Gujarat State growing mustard crop are advised to give 1st spray of insecticide cypermethrin+profenphos 44 EC 0.04 per cent or acephate 75 WP 0.05 per cent or imidacloprid 17.8 SL 0.005 per cent or methyl-o-demeton 25 EC 0.03 per cent or Carbosulfan 25 EC 0.03 per cent at initiation of infestation of aphid and second spray after 15 days of 1st spray are recommended (2005). 
IV Plant Pathology
A Groundnut
   I. Tikka and rust:

1 For controlling tikka and rust diseases of groundnut three spraying of mixture of carbendazim @ 0.025 per cent and mancozeb 0.20 per cent at 30, 42 and 54 days after sowing is recommended (1986).
2 For management of tikka and rust in groundnut three alternate spraying of 0.20 percent mancozeb, 0.025 per cent carbendazim and 0.20 per cent mancozeb or three spraying of 0.20 per cent chlorothalonil at 30, 50 and 70 days after germination were found effective (1989).
3 Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone are advised to spray one percent fresh neem leaf extract at 35, 50 and 70 days for effective and economical management of tikka disease of groundnut (1996)
   II. Collar rot:
1 Farmers of South Saurashtra agro climatic Zone are advised to use tebuconazole @1.25g/kg as seed treatment to reduce the collar rot disease of groundnut (2005).
2 Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-1 and Trichoderma viride- local as seed treatment @ 10g /kg seed are highly effective and economical in reducing collar rot, stem rot and tikka diseases of groundnut (2007).
3 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone cultivating groundnut are advised to treat the seed with talc based Trichoderma viride @ 10g/kg seeds or apply T. viride @ 2.5kg/ha as soil drenching at 30 days after sowing or T. viridii @2.5kg along with either castor cake or FYM @ 100kg/ha in furrow at the time of sowing to reduce stem rot incidence(2010).
4 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing groundnut are advised to treat the seeds with tebuconazole 2 % DS @ 1.5 g/kg seed and spray tebuconazole 250 EC @ 10 ml/ 10 lit. of water at 45 and 60 days after sowing OR
Apply talc based Trichoderma @ 10 g/kg seed and @ 4 kg/ha with 250 kg castor cake in furrow at the time of sowing and spray hexaconazole 5 EC @ 10 ml/10 lit. of water twice at 45 and 60 days after sowing for economic and effective control of soil borne (collar rot & stem rot) and foliar (tikka & rust) diseases. (2011)
   III. Root-knot nematode:
1 Groundnut seed treatment with carbofuran 25 DS 3 per cent (w/w) coupled with soil application of either phorate or carbofuran each @ 2 kg/ha under crop row is found effective for control of root knot nematode (M. arenaria) (1993).
2 It is recommended that for effective management of root knot nematode (M. areneria) in groundnut, farmers are advised to apply castor or mustard or neem cake @ 1 ton with 2 kg a.i. carbofuran ha prior to seeding; before 2-3 days (1998).
3 Farmers’ of South Saurashtra region are advised to sow groundnut with castor as relay crop (Row ratio of 2:1) along with soil application of carbofuran 3G @ 1 kg a.i/ha (Furadan 3 G @ 33 kg/ha) to reduce the root knot nematode disease (Meloidogyne arenaria) to get higher yield (2006).
4 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone cultivating groundnut are advised to treat the seed with talc based Pseudomonas fluorescens@ 20 g/kg seeds followed by the application of Pseudomonas fluorescens in furrow @ 2.5 kg/ha for effective management of root knot nematode and stem rot diseases (2010).
5 The groundnut growing farmers of South Saurashtra Agro- climatic zone are advised to apply talc based Paecilomyces lilacinus (cfu 1x106/g) as seed treatment @ 10g/kg seed or soil application of Paecilomyces lilacinus (cfu 1x106/g) @ 2.5 kg/ha for effective and economical management of root knot nematode. (2012).
B Sesamum:
1 It is recommended that two spraying of carbendazim 0.025 per cent or mancozeb 0.20 per cent should be carried out i.e. first at the time of appearance of disease and second after 15 days interval of first spray to control the leaf spot in sesamum (1990).
C Sunflower:
1 Two spray of Carbendazim 0.025 per cent or Thiophanate methyl 0.05 per cent at 15 days interval starting first spray at 35 to 40 days after crop seeding are recommended for effective management of leaf spot disease of sunflower caused by Alternaria helianthi in Saurashtra region (1994).
2 For effective and economic management of leaf spot of sunflower caused by Alternaria helianthi, three spray of carbendazim 0.025% (5 gm/10 lit of water) is recommended. The first spray should be carried out at the appearance of disease followed by 2nd and 3rd spray at 15 days interval. This recommendation made for North Saurashtra Agroclimatic zone (1998).
D Mustard:
1 For effective control of powdery mildew of mustard three sprays of 0.025 per cent dinocap starting from appearance of disease at 15 days interval is recommended (1990).
2 Three spraying of tridemefon 0.02 per cent are recommended for effective and economic control of powdery mildew of mustard in Junagadh area. The first spray should be at the time of disease appearance, second and third sprays should be at 15 days interval of previous spray. For marginal farmers wetteble sulpher 0.20 per cent must be used. This is over and above the earlier recommendation of three spraying of dinocap 0.025 per cent (1992).
3 There is 22 per cent yield loss in mustard crop due to powdery mildew disease if recommended plant protection measures are not exercised (1993).
4 For effective management of powdery mildew of mustard farmers of South Saurashtra are advised to spray 2 per cent fresh neem leaf extract or 0.2 per cent wetteble sulpher , first spray at appearance of disease and second and third at 15 days interval (1996).
V Plant Physiology
1 It is recommended to the groundnut breeder to utilize genotypes DRT-2004-6, DRT-2004-17, INS-I-2003-2, INS-I-2003-4, ISK-II- 2003-1, ISK-II-2003-19, as donor parents for incorporation of fresh seed dormancy of about 15 days without compromising yield in breeding programmes (2008)
2 It is recommended to the scientific community that the genotypes DRT-2004-7 and J-53 possessed drought tolerance under unirrigated condition. Both genotypes recorded higher pod, haulm and biological yield. Harvest index and partitioning to pod were also highest along with high LAI and number of nodules at 70 DAS, thereby having better assimilation of photosynthates towards sink under rainfed condition. These genotypes may be used as parents in breeding programme for development of drought tolerant varieties(2014).
3 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone growing kharif groundnut are advised to go for foliar application of chlormequat chloride 50% SL @ 1000 ppm (2.0 ml/lit) at 50 DAS to suppress the excess vegetative growth and to get higher pod yield and net return. (2014).
4 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone growing kharif groundnut are advised to go for foliar application of Cycocel (50% SL) @ 1000 ppm (2.0 ml/lit) at 30 DAS or foliar application of Paclobutrazol (23% w/w SC) @ 500 ppm (2.5 ml/lit) at 60 DAS to suppress the excess vegetative growth and to get higher pod yield and net(2014).
Recommendation For Scientific community :
1 Under South Saurashtra agro climatic zone irrigating summer groundnut with cent per cent average daily pan evaporation through drip irrigation system at alternate day and sowing the crop with 30cm spasing with lateral to each row resulted in maximum pod yield and net realization.
2. Lateral spacing-30 cm. 2. Dripper spacing-45cm. 3. Dripper discharge-2lph.
4. Operating time-1 hour & 5 minutes at alternate day. 5. Operating pressure- 1.2kg/cm2.
(9th Meeting Crop Production Sub-Committee of AGRESCO March 15-16,2013 at JAU,Junagadh excepted. But 9th Combined Crop Production/ NRM Sub-Committee Meeting held at Sadarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, S.K.Nagar 6-7 March, 2013 not excepted) (2012).
2 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing bold seeded summer groundnut are advised to fertilize the crop with 50 kg N, 25kg K2O, 40 kg S (120 kh/ha gypsum) per hactor with recommended dose of P2O5 (50 kg/ha) for securing higher yield and net realization. (2013).
3 The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing summer groundnut are advised to fertilize the crop with FYM @ 7.5 t/ha + 100% RDF (25-50 kg N-P2O5/ha) along with foliar application of water soluble grade fertilizer 2% starter dose (11:36:24 % N:P:K + Borax 2%) at 30 DAS and booster dose (8:16:39 % N:P:K + Borax 2%) at 45 & 60 DAS for obtaining higher yield and net realization. (2014).
 
Publications :  (Research Papers, Extension literature, books etc.)- 2014-15
Research Papers in National Journals -88
Research Papers in International- 48
Popular articles : 40
Paper presentations : 30
Booklet Published : 6
Bulletins : 2
Extension Activities : 
I. Frontline Demonstrations :
The government of India, while realizing the import dependency of the edible oils, established the technology mission on Oilseeds (TMO) in 1986 which adopted four pronged strategy for reaping production, processing and storage technologies for attaining self reliance in oilseeds. The series of farmer oriented policies through TMO made an impact on the vegetable oil production of the country to shift from a stagnation stage to swift growth stage. The Adhoc Project on “Frontline demonstrations in oilseed Crops” sponsored by Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Government of India was launched from Kharif, 1990-91. The above scheme amply provided opportunities to the researchers of the All India Coordinated Research Project on Oilseeds (AICORPO) actively in generation of location specific technologies for (1) demonstrating to farmers what they were advocating, (2) test their effect and viability, (3) obtain feed from the clients and (4) fine-tune the technologies to improve their acceptability and suitability to real farm situation.
Objectives of demonstrations: The primary objective of the project is to demonstrate, under real farm situation, the productivity potentials and profitability of the latest improved oilseeds crop production technologies including new profitable cropping systems involving oilseeds as well as component technologies, viz., improved varieties, seed treatment, fertilizer, Irrigation. Plant protection, etc. recommended for different agro-ecological and crop growing situations vis-à-vis prevailing farmer’s practices.
II. Transfer of Technologies :
a. The technologies developed at this research station are being disseminated to the various extension agencies, N.G.O's, farmers and students in the following ways,
1. Organizing farmer's day / Agril. fair at the station
2. Participating in the 'Krushi Mela', farmer's days and Agril. Exhibition organized by University, other agencies and the state Department of Agriculture.
3. Educating Govt. officials in pre-seasonal training, diagnostic team visit and other training programme
4. Conducting demonstration plot and organizing field days on farmer's field.
5. Educating students during Kendra Nivas and to farmers during visit of this station
6. Through TV, Radio broadcasting, literature, press note, personnel/spot field diagnosis and letters etc.
b. Services to farmers and other organization:
Scientific and technical information as well as counseling was provided to farmers and visitors. Extension Officers of the State Department of Agriculture as well as farmers were imparted training. The scientists also delivered lectures from time to time under T&V programme and at Advance Training Centre for Oilseeds.
Awards / Significant Achievements of the Faculty :
The best castor research center award was bestowed upon AICRP (Castor) at Junagadh. A cash award of Rs 5000 and plaque were received by Prof. B.A. Kunadia and Dr. R.H. Kavani.
Contact :
Dr. K. L. Dobariya
Research Scientist (Groundnut)
Main Oilseeds Research Station, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh
Phone : (O) +91-285-2672080-90, PBX-325
(O) +91-285-2670205 Mobile : +91-94272 12988
E-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

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