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Main Oilseeds Research Station
Junagadh Agricultural University
Junagadh- 362 001 (Gujarat)
(Year of Establishment : 1956)

Introduction :
The Main Oilseeds Research Station was established at Junagadh during the year 1956 in the state with the objectives to breed and develop high yielding, disease and pest resistant and better quality varieties of different oilseed crops like groundnut, castor, sesame, sunflower, soybean and mustard. Currently, the centre is actively engaged in groundnut and castor research works in the main areas like,
  1. Plant Breeding& Genetics - Crop improvement
  2. Agronomy- Crop production
  3. Plant Protection : (a) Agril. Entomology, (b) Plant Pathology
  4. Plant Physiology
In addition to these, the station is also working as a testing center for Mustard, Sunflower and Sesame crops. The center also contributes the groundnut varieties and castor varieties / hybrids for National level research programme and it is one of the centre for the All India Coordinated Research Projects on Groundnut, Castor, National Seed Project, RKVY Seed Project and aflatoxin project.
Mandates of research :
  • To develop early maturing groundnut varieties with high yield potential, better quality and high oil content.
  • To develop disease, pest, drought and aflatoxin resistant groundnut varieties with good export potential.
  • To evolve production technologies for newly developed and improved varieties.
  • To provide breeder seed of groundnut varieties to the agencies of Gujarat and India.
  • To disseminate information generated through research to farmers through front line demonstrations.
  • To develop varieties and hybrids of castor crop with high yield potential and early varieties and hybrids , better quality and disease and pest resistance.
  • To solve problems regarding groundnut production through radio, TV programmes, popular articles, hand outs, personal discussion, night discussion and by organizing farmers' day and week end training programmes etc.
Objectives :
  • To evolve varieties of groundnut crop with high yield potential, better quality, with fresh seed dormancy (in Spanish bunch group) and drought, disease and pest resistance.
  • To develop agro technology and plant protection measures for newly released groundnut and castor variety.
  • To develop varieties and hybrids of castor crop with high yield potential, early maturity better quality and disease and pest resistance.
  • To develop male and female line of castor crop with high yield potential, early maturity, better quality and disease and pest resistance.
  • To produce breeder seeds of groundnut varieties as per state and national indents.
  • To assess agronomic practices and plant protection measures for castor varieties / hybrids.
  • Preparation of database of aflatoxin in groundnut for Saurashtra region.
  • Farmers participatory research through on farm front line demostrations of groundnut and castor.
Research Activities :
I. Breeding:
A. Groundnut:
  • Crop Improvement
  • Testing of breeding materials
  • Fresh crosses to generate breeding materials.
  • Germplasm evaluation
  • Seed multiplication of promising lines
  • Seed production of groundnut varieties
  • Production of nucleus and breeder seed of groundnut as per the DAC indent received from Government of India and Govt. of Gujarat
  • Experimental works in State and AICRP trials of summer and kharif seasons
B. Castor:
  • Crop Improvement
  • Experimental works in State and AICRP trials of kharif seasons
  • New crossing programme, Segregating materials and Maintenance of Inbred li
  • Development and maintenance of pistillate lines
  • Evaluation of hybrids/varieties in different trials
C. Sesamum: Varietal evaluation under state and national programme
D. Soyabean: Varietal evaluation under state and national programme
E. Mustard: Varietal evaluation under state and national programme
II. Agronomy:
  • Water, nutrient and weed management in groundnut and castor
  • Intercropping studies on groundnut and castor
  • Survey of agronomic practices in the area of summer and kharif groundnut cultivation
  • Intercropping system of groundnut with castor, pearl millet, cotton and pigeon pea.
  • Agronomic practices for AVT (bunch, semi spreading, spreading) entries and new trials as per AICRP technical programme
III Entomology:
  • Screening of groundnut entries / lines from PET, SSVT, LSVT, IVT and AVT for resistance to insect-pests in kharif and summer groundnut, Sesame, castor and mustard
  • Monitoring of Spodoptera litura using pheromone trap, pest incidence in kharif groundnut.
  • Testing the bio-efficacy of certain insecticides in Groundnut and Castor
IV. Pathology:
  • Survey and Monitoring of various diseases of oilseed crops to find out the intensity and disease situation in Saurashtra region of Gujarat.
  • Screening of Promising genotypes of oilseed crops against major diseases.
  • Integrated and ecofriendly management of major diseases of groundnut and castor.
  • Screening of castor trial entries for root rot resistance in sick plot.
V. Plant Physiology:
  • Physiological parameters studies on different groundnut entries in early maturity, greater partitioning of dry matter to pods during pod filling phase, presence of short term dormancy (7-15 days) in SB groundnut and drought tolerance.
INFORMATION OF UNIT HEAD :
Name of Unit Head
Dr. K. L. Dobariya
Research Scientist (Groundnut)
Ph.D. (Genetics & Plant Breeding)
Office
(0285) 2672080-90, PBX-325
(0285) 2670205
Mobile
+91-94272 12988
E-mail
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FACULTY INFORMATION
No.
Name
Designation
Qualification
Specialized subject
A.     Plant Breeding (Groundnut)
1
Dr. K. L. Dobariya
Research Scientist (Groundnut)
Ph.D.
Genetics & Plant Breeding
2
Dr. L. L. Jivani
Associate Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Genetics & Plant Breeding
3
Dr. G. K. Sapara
 
Assistant Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Genetics & Plant Breeding
4
Shri C. J. Rajani
Agriculture Officer
M. Sc. (Agri.)
Genetics & Plant Breeding
5
Shri H. R. Barad
Agriculture Officer
M. Sc. (Agri.)
Genetics & Plant Breeding
B.     Plant Breeding (Castor)
1
Dr. R. B. Madariya
Associate  Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Genetics & Plant Breeding
2
Shri M.S. Chaudhari
Agriculture Officer
B. Sc. (Agri.)
--
3
Shri C. J. Chaudhari
Agriculture Officer
Diploma (Agri.)
--
4
Shri. L.L. Limbadiya
Agriculture Officer
B. Sc. (Agri.)
--
5
Miss. H. R. Patel
Agriculture Officer
B. Sc. (Agri.)
--
C.     Seed production
1
Dr. N. D. Dholariya
Assistant Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Plant Breeding & Genetics
2
Shri N. H. Patel
Agriculture Officer
Diploma (Agri.)
--
D.    Agronomy and Plant Physiology
1
Dr. P. M. Vaghasia
Associate  Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Agronomy
2
Dr. G.V. Marviya
Associate  Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Biochemistry
3
Shri R. L. Davariya
Assistant Research Scientist
M. Sc. (Agri.)
Agronomy
4
Shri R. N. Daki
Agriculture Officer
M. Sc. (Agri.)
Agronomy
E.     Entomology
1
Dr. A. M. Bharadiya
Associate  Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Entomology
2
Shri. D. V. Khanpara
Assistant Research Scientist
M. Sc. (Agri.)
Entomology
3
Shri. J. B. Bhut
Assistant Research Scientist
M. Sc. (Agri.)
Entomology
F.      Plant Pathology
1
Dr. D. S. Kelaiya
Associate Research Scientist
Ph.D.
Plant pathology
2
Shri J. C. Dhingani
Assistant Research Scientist
M. Sc. (Agri.)
Plant pathology
COURSES TEACH BY FACULTY (P.G)
No.
Name of faculty
Discipline
Title of course
Credit
1
Dr. R. B. Madariya
Genetics & Plant Breeding
GP 506: Population Genetics
1+1
2
Dr. P. M. Vaghasiya
Agronomy
Agron 507: Agronomy of Oilseed, Fiber and Sugar crops
2+1
3
Dr. D. S. Kelaiya
Plant Pathology
Pl. Path. 506: Principles of Plant Disease Management
2+1
RESEARCH PROJECTS & SCHEMES (ON GOING)
Sr.
No
Name of the Scheme
Budget Head
Type of Scheme
Funding Agency
Year of Commencement
1.
Project for Research in Oilseeds
5008
Non- Plan
State
1972
2.
National Agricultural Research Project (NARP)
7082/A
Non- Plan
State
1987
3.
Strengthening Research in Oilseeds
12008
Plan
State
1986
4.
All India Coordinated Research Project on Groundnut
2008/1G
I.C.A.R. Plan
I.C.A.R.
1968
5.
All India Coordinated Research Project on Castor
2008/1C
I.C.A.R. Plan
I.C.A.R.
1993
6.
Strengthening Research in Castor
12584
Plan
State
2008
7.
Aflatoxin and its management in groundnut at saurashtra region of Gujarat  at oilseed
12028
Plan
State
2014
8.
Front line demo. (FLD)-Castor
2704-23
AICRP
AICRP
1988
9.
Private company project trial for testing of new Molecules against weeds, diseases & pest.
1800849 -60
(Total 12 project)
Other agency
Other agency
2017
PROJECTS COMPLETED
Sr.
No
Name of the Scheme
Budget Head
Type of Scheme
Funding Agency
Year of Commencement
1.
Production of groundnut breeder seed at farmers field and Oilseed, Junagadh
18247-33
--
ICAR
2014
2.
Quality seed production in groundnut, wheat and pear millet
18247-03
RKVY
--
2008
INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITY AND MAJOR EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE
Total area of farm
:
82.33 ha.
Farm area under cultivation
:
71.33 ha
Area under farm structure/ buildings
:
11.00 ha
Irrigated area
:
26.00 ha
Source of irrigation
:
wells and Bor-wells
LABORATORIES
No.
Name of instruments
Qty.
Utility
1
NMR (Nuclear magnetic resonance)
01
For measurement of oil content in different crop
2
BOD incubator
01
For incubation, isolation of different fungi and bacteria
3
Hot air oven
01
4
Autoclave (vertical)
01
5
Laminar air flow
 
MAJOR ACHIEVMENTS
A.     GROUNDNUT
Sr.
Name of
variety
Year of release
Area recommended for cultivation
Pod yield kg/ha
Oil
%
Days to maturity
Remarks
 
a.
Varieties released for kharif season
1
J-11
1964
Gujarat
1389
48.1
90-95
Aflatoxin resistance
2
GAUG-1
1973
Gujarat
1483
50.2
95-110
High yielding
3
GAUG-10
1973
Gujarat
1820
49.4
110-120
High yielding
4
GG-2
1986
Gujarat
1336
49.6
98
Early maturing and high yielding
5
GG-11
1987
Gujarat
1430
48.6
110-114
Suitable for pre- monsoon sowing
6
GG-12
1991
Gujarat
1437
49.6
112-115
Early maturing and suitable for rainfed conditions
7
GG-20
1991
Entire Gujarat except North Gujarat
1960
50.7
109
High yield and oil content
8
GG-3
1991
Northern Maharashtra & Madhya Pradesh
1283
51.0
100
Early maturing
9
GG-13
1994
Gujarat
1511
49.6
120
Suitable for pre -monsoon sowing
10
GG-5
1996
Saurashtra
1270
49.2
100
Bold seeded
11
GG-7
2000
Gujarat & Rajasthan
2194
48.5
99
Bold seeded
12
GG-14
2001
Northern Rajasthan, U.P., Punjab & Haryana
2159
52.0
123
High oil content
13
GG-15
2004
Tamil Nadu, A.P., Karnataka, Kerala & Southern Maharashtra
1737
47.0
116
High yielding
14
GG-21
2004
Northern Rajasthan, U.P., Punjab & Haryana
1843
53.0
123
High yielding
15
GG-8
2005
Northern Maharashtra & Madhya Pradesh
1716
46.0
106
High yielding
16
GG-16
2005
Tamil Nadu, A.P., Karnataka, Kerala & Southern Maharashtra
1992
46.0
119
High yielding
17
GJG- HPS-1
2008
Saurashtra & South Gujarat
2125
47.9
110-120
Suitable for HPS and confectionary uses
18
GJG-9
2010
Gujarat
1632
48.17
103
High yielding
19
GJG-17
2011
Gujarat
1798
48.51
121
High yielding &
Tolerant to stem rot
20
GJG-22
2011
Saurashtra & South Gujarat
1770
51.62
118
High yielding & Tolerant to collar rot
21
GJG-18
2013
Odisha, West Bengal, Jharkhand & Manipur
1450
48.0
121
 High yield
22
GJG-19
2014
West Bengal, Jharkhand,  Odisha & Manipur
1876
47.0
122
 High yield and Tolerant to  stem rot, rust & dry root rot
 
23
GJG-32
2016
Tamil Nadu, A.P., Telangana, Karnataka, & Southern Maharashtra
2909
50.00
109
High yield & oil content and tolerant to tikka & rust diseases
 
24
GJG-32
2017
Gujarat
3392
53.9
112
High yield & oil content and tolerant to tikka & rust diseases
 
b.
Varieties released for summer season
25
GG-2
1984
Gujarat
1947
49.0
120
High yielding
26
GG-4
1993
Gujarat
2007
50.8
119
High yielding & early maturing
27
GG-6
1999
Gujarat
2782
50.28
119
High yielding
28
GJG-31
2010
Gujarat
3483
49.24
117
High yielding
29
GJG-33
2017
Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Tamil Nadu
2909
50.00
109
High yielding & early maturing
B.     CASTOR
Sr. No.
Name of variety
Year of release
Area recommended for cultivation
Yield kg/ha
Remarks
a.       Varieties
1
GAUC 1
1973
Rainfed areas of Gujarat
1250
High yield
2
GC 3
2006
Irrigated areas of Gujarat
2340
Wilt resistant
b.      Hybrids
1
GCH 3
1965
Gujarat
1543
High yield
2
GAUCH 1
1973
Gujarat, Rajasthan
1942
High yield
3
GCH 2
1985
Gujarat
1747
Root rot tolerant
4
GCH 6
2000
Irrigated areas of Gujarat and Rajasthan and M.P.
2349
Root rot resistant
5
GCH-9
2017
Irrigated condition in  Gujarat
3781
Resistant to wilt and  root rot and tolerant to sucking pests
 
Production of Groundnut Breeder Seed (2005-06 to 2016-17 in quintals.)
Varieties
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
GG-2
190.90
117.34
78.50
138.01
194.15
154.30
113.87
49.50
89.29
92.96
106.55
57.60
GG-3
50.00
14.56
0.50
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
GG-5
166.75
117.00
101.80
114.85
73.65
64.16
70.80
41.36
65.24
60.30
24.90
21.00
GG-6
6.00
10.82
15.30
32.45
12.00
60.00
1.40
-
-
-
-
-
GG-7
124.95
41.80
37.30
23.70
24.30
26.71
10.70
13.50
25.70
32.40
16.80
29.10
GG-8
-
-
0.63
8.50
18.60
11.00
10.30
7.35
8.46
20.15
16.20
17.40
SB-XI
35.35
20.20
6.12
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
GG-20
450.00
378.52
293.50
344.90
405.56
312.33
522.93
696.57
1276.56
1622.27
1495.15
1623.90
GAUG-10
40.00
25.00
48.00
64.20
85.50
59.22
32.34
2.85
15.00
36.40
26.10
24.60
GG-11
10.00
30.00
75.00
51.20
87.70
38.25
53.40
52.40
58.73
70.60
43.80
94.50
GG-13
15.00
15.99
20.00
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
GG14
55.00
44.55
60.60
51.00
42.00
17.91
43.70
-
-
-
-
-
GG-16
-
-
2.00
8.63
13.90
25.50
23.70
4.06
29.88
19.25
7.60
6.00
GG-21
-
19.00
30.00
15.13
15.40
5.70
12.30
1.71
13.80
12.30
19.50
41.40
GJGHPS-1
-
-
-
-
-
4.50
40.80
34.50
48.45
54.50
21.00
15.00
GJG-9
-
-
-
-
-
4.00
7.88
20.20
47.51
46.95
82.60
121.80
GJG-31
-
-
-
-
-
5.25
31.50
24.05
37.50
29.10
39.90
16.80
GJG-17
-
-
-
-
-
-
3.75
12.20
42.34
33.38
44.85
94.50
GJG-22
-
-
-
-
-
-
2.25
12.60
18.74
102.24
155.06
95.10
GJG-18
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
20.00
GJG-19
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
25.00
Total
1143.05
834.78
769.25
852.57
972.76
788.83
981.62
981.24
1767.25
2223.10
2100.01
2303.70
RECOMMENDATION
AGRONOMY
GROUNDNUT
Kharif groundnut
1
The farmers of south Saurashtra agro-climatic zone adopting groundnut-castor 3:1  inter cropping system are advised to irrigate their caster crop 1.0 IW/CPE ratio ( four irrigation, 1st irrigation 20 days after harvesting of G'nut, second, third and forth, irrigation at an interval of 10 days) for getting maximum net income.
2
Farmers of South Saurashtra Agroclimatic zone growing rain fed groundnut (cv. GG-20) are advised to sow their crop with bullock drawn automatic seed drill keeping 120 kg seed ha-1 and seeds should be treated with Mancozeb @ 3.0 g/kg seed + Soil application of Trichoderma viride @ 2.5 kg/ha FYM based at the time of sowing for getting maximum pod yield and net realization.
3
Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone who are interested to growing semi-spreading groundnut : pigeon pea inter cropping system are advised to open their furrow at 40 cm distance and sow two row of groundnut GG-20 and one row of pigeon pea (Vaishali) and pigeon pea irrigate after harvesting  of groundnut at 1.0 IW/CPE ratio (Four irrigation at an interval of 10 days) for getting maximum net realization.
4
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing  bunch groundnut are advised to select variety from the following varieties on priority basis under delayed onset of monsoon situations for realizing higher yield anf net return.
Order of Preference: Groundnut Varieties : GG-5, GG-2, J-11, GG-7, TG-37 A.
5
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing groundnut  in Kharif season are advised to keep crop weed free by three hand weeding and interculturing at 20, 40 and 60 DAS.  Under paucity of farm labourers, they are advised to apply  pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg./ha pre-emergence and quizalofop ethyle @0.050 kg./ha or imazethapry @0.075kg /ha as post emergence at 20 DAS after sowing for effective weed control and net return.
6
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing kharif groundnut are advised to apply FYM @ 7.5 t/ha + recommended dose of fertilizer (12.5-25.00 kg N-P2O5/ha) + 25 kg ZnSo4 / ha. as basal for obtaining higher yield and net return.
7
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing kharif groundnut are advised to follow recommended practices of weed control, plant protection and fertilizer resource constraints, farmers are advised to prioritize their resources in order of weed control > plant protection > fertilizer management.
8
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone adopting groundnut Bt. cotton inter-cropping system (in 3:1 ratio) are advised to apply 100% recommended dose of fertilizer (12.5:25:0 kg N:P2O5:K2O/ha) to the groundnut crop and 150% recommended dose of fertilizer to the Bt. cotton crop (240 kg N/ha) for obtaining higher yield and net realization. Effect of bio-phos on the performance of castor.
Summer Groundnut
1
The farmers of South Saurashtra region growing groundnut in summer season are advised to give two irrigation of addition to the pre-planting irrigation, give only two irrigation up to 30 days at an interval of 15 days and rest of the 9 irrigation may be given at 9 to 10 days of interval.
2
In the South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone the application of pendimethalin @ 0.75 kg a.i./ha as a pre-sowing incorporation followed by one hand weeding at 40 DAS in groundnut proved effective in checking the weed population in rabi/summer groundnut with the ICBR of 1:7.34.
3
The farmers of Saurashtra region are advised to give pre-emergence application of weedicides oxyflurofen @ 0.24 kg a.i./ha with one inter-culturing and one hand weeding as it was found beneficial. This was followed by pre-emergence application of fluchloralin @ 0.9 kg a.i./ha with inter-culturing and hand weeding.
4
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone who are interested in the cultivation of summer groundnut are advised to sow groundnut cultivars GG-2 at 22.5 cm to 30.0 cm with the seed rate of 120 kg / ha. to get high yield and net return.
5
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic region of the Gujarat State, growing summer groundnut are advised to apply FYM @ to t/ha along with 50% RDF+ 500 kg gypsum/ha (i.e.12.5-25.0-00 NPK/ha) every year and give 11 irrigations as per recommendation (viz. 1st immediately after sowing for good germination, 2nd 18-DAS, 3rd and 4th 30 and 40 DAS, 5th to 9th at an internal of 7 to 8 days and the remaining irrigation at an interval of 8 to 9 days to their crop for obtaining higher yield and net realization.
6
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing bold seeded summer groundnut are advised to fertilize the crop with 50 kg N, 25kg K2O, 40 kg S (120 kh/ha gypsum) per hector with recommended dose of P2O5 (50 kg/ha) for securing higher yield and net realization. (2013).
7
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing summer groundnut are advised to fertilize the crop with FYM @ 7.5 t/ha + 100% RDF (25-50 kg N-P2O5/ha) along with foliar application of water soluble grade fertilizer 2% starter dose (11:36:24 % N:P:K + Borax 2%) at 30 DAS and booster dose (8:16:39 % N:P:K + Borax 2%) at 45 & 60 DAS for obtaining higher yield and net realization. (2014).
8
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro - climatic Zone growing summer groundnut are advised to apply initially two normal irrigations and remaining through drip at 0.8 PEF (20 DAS) and apply water soluble fertilizer (N-P-K : 17-44-00) @ 75 % of RDF (18.75-37.50 kg NP/ha) in five equal splits through fertigation at an interval of 8 days starting  from 20 DAS and maintain spacing 20 cm x 10 cm (plan population @ 5.00 lakh/ha) for higher yield and net return which  gives 23 % water and 25 % fertilizer saving.            The system details 1. Lateral spacing : 60 cm. 2. Dripper spacing: 45 cm. 3. Dripper discharge rate: 4 lph.4. Operating pressure: 1.2 kg/cm2. 5. Operating frequency:  Alternate day irrigation. Operating time February: 75-80 min., March: 100-110 min., April. 12-125 min, May : 130-135 min.(2016)
CASTOR
1
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climate Zone are advised to sow their crop at onset of monsoon and soaking the seed in 1 % NaCl solution for three hours, to get higher seed yield and net income.
2
The farmers of South Saurashtra agro-climatic zone growing irrigated castor are advised to apply 75-40-00 NPK kg/ha along with two inter culturing, two hand weeding and two spray of insecticide for getting maximum yield and net return. Among the various package of practices, fertilizer application is the most critical practice followed by weeding and plant protection affecting seed yield and monetary realization.
3
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing irrigated castor are recommended to apply 20 kg S/ha through gypsum (154 kg/ha) along with recommended dose (75-40 NP kg/ha) as urea and DAP or the crop should be fertilized with RDF (75-40 NP kg /ha) through urea and single super phosphate for obtaining higher yield and net return.
4
The farmers of South Saurashtra agro climatic zone- VII growing castor are advised to keep the crop weed free by hand weeding and interculturing. Under paucity of farm labourers, they are advised to apply pendimethalin 30 EC 1 kg/ha (67 ml/10lit.) as pre-emergence + quizalofop-ethyl 5 EC 0.05 kg/ha (20ml/10 lit. ) as post emergence (25 days after sowing) for effective weed control as well as to get higher yield and net returns.
5
The farmers of South Saurashtra agro climatic zone- VII growing castor are advised to keep the crop weed free by hand weeding and interculturing. Under paucity of farm labourers, they are advised to apply pendimethalin 30 EC 1 kg/ha (67 ml/10lit.) as pre-emergence + quizalofop-ethyl 5 EC 0.05 kg/ha (20ml/10 lit. ) as post emergence (25 days after sowing) for effective weed control as well as to get higher yield and net returns.
6
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing soybean are advised to adopt relay intercropping system with castor by sowing castor at 30 day after sowing of soybean with row ratio of 1:2 (castor: soybean) for securing higher yield and net return.
7
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing castor are advised to apply 40 kg P2O5/ha and treat the seeds with phosphate solubilizing microorganism (Chaetomium globosum) @ 30 g inoculants/50 g seed along with recommended dose of nitrogen (120 kg/ha) for obtaining higher seed yield and net return.
8
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing irrigated castor are advised to apply potash @ 50  kg K2O/ha (25 kg/ha as basal and 25 kg/ha at 45 days after sowing) along with recommended dose of nitrogen and phosphorus (120-50 N-P2O5 kg/ha) for obtaining higher seed yield and net returns.
9
The farmers of South Saurshtra Agro-climatic Zone growing castor are advised to irrigate the crop at 0.8 PEF through drip irrigation and apply nitrogen @ 90 kg/ha (20 kg N/ha as a basal and remaining 70 kg N/ha through drip in form of urea in five equal splits an interval of 12 days starting after cessation of monsoon) along with recommended dose of phosphorus (50 kg/ha) as basal for obtaining higher yield and net return. The system details 1. Lateral spacing: 120 cm. 2. Dripper spacing: 60 cm. 3. Dripper discharge rate: 4 lph.4. Operating pressure: 1.2 kg/cm2. 5. Operating frequency: Every 3rd day irrigation. Operating time October: 110-125 min., November:100-110 min., Dec.-Jan. :95-105min.
10
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro- climatic Zone growing irrigated castor  in soil having medium status of potash are advised to sow castor at  spacing of 150 cm x 60 cm with an application of potash @ 40 kg/ ha as basal along with recommended dose of nitrogen and phosphorus (120-50kg NP/ha) for obtaining higher seed yield and net return.
11
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing irrigated castor are advised to apply PSB in  soil @ 2.0 li./ha or Bio-phos 30g/50g seed alongwith recommended dose of recommended dose of fertilizers (120-40-50 kg NP2O5K2O/ha) for obtaining higher seed yield and net return.
SESAMUM
1
The farmers of South Saurashtra region interested in growing sesame are advised to sow sesame variety Gujarat Til-1 with the onset of monsoon. If optimum moisture for good germination is available, the sowing can be done up to 3 weeks after the onset of monsoon without decrease in yield but not later than 2nd fortnight of July.
SOYABEAN
1
In Saurashtra region of Gujarat state it is advisable to adopt inter cropping of soybean with arhar, hybrid sorghum and groundnut (Bunch). Inter cropping of arhar at 60 cm + 1 row of soybean or arhar at 90cm + two rows of soybean is advantageous, followed by sorghum at 60 cm + one row of soybean or sorghum at 90 cm + two rows of soybean.
2
In South Saurashtra it is advisable to adopt inter cropping of soybean with arher, groundnut(bunch) and hybrid bajra (BJ-104). Inter cropping of arhar at 60cm + one row of soybean or arhar at 90 cm + two rows of soybean is beneficial followed by inter-cropping of groundnut at 60 cm + two rows of soybean and hybrid bajra at 90 cm + two rows of soybean.
3
In Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone, application of weedicides (Goal - 2 E) oxiflurofen 0.2 kg a.i./ha as pre-emergence in 500 lit. of water/ha along with one hand weeding at 30 DAS, proved effective for checking the weed population in Kharif soybean crop. If Goal - 2 E is not available, it is recommended to apply fluchloralin as pre-emergence @ 0.75 kg a.i./ha + one hand weeding 30 DAS for effective weed control in soybean crop.
MUSTARD (NARP)
1
The farmers of South Saurashtra region interested in cultivation of mustard variety Varuna are advised to irrigate five times to the crop at 15, 35, 50, 60 and 75 days after sowing in addition to pre sowing irrigation to get maximum yield.
2
The farmers of South Saurashtra region interested in cultivation of mustard variety Varuna are advised to grow at a spacing of 45 cm between 2 rows and 15-20 cm between 2 plants to get maximum seed yield.
3
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing mustard are advised to carry out one hand weeding at 30 DAS. Under paucity of labourers weeds may be checked with the application of fluchloralin @ 1 kg a.i./ha dissolved in 500 lit. water as pre planting incorporation to the soil.
ENTOMOLOGY
GROUNDNUT
1
For controlling the pest complex of summer groundnut viz., jassid, thrips, leaf miner, and heliothis, any one of Phorate 10 G @ 1.0 kg a.i. /ha or Carbofuran 3 G @ 1.0 kg a.i. /ha insecticides application in soil at the time of sowing is recommended.
2
There was no any adverse effect of castor, soybean and cowpea crops grown as an intercrop with groundnut on incidence of aphid, jassid, thrip, leafminer and heliothis on groundnut crop grown during kharif season under South Saurashtra condition.
3
Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing Kharif groundnut are advised to spray profenophos 40% + cypermethrin 4% 0.044% (10 ml/10 l) or thiamethoxam 25 WG 0.006% (2.4 g/10 l ) or Imidacloprid 17.8 SL 0.005% (2.8 ml/10 l ) or methyl-o-demeton 25 EC 0.025% (10 ml/10 l) or endosulfan 35EC 0.07% (20 ml/10 l ) at the initiation of the pest for effective and economic management of thrips.
4
Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing Kharif groundnut are advised to give seed treatment with Imidacloprid 600 FS @ 3g/kg seed or Thiamethoxam 70 WS @ 1g/kg seed or Dimethoate 30 EC 006% (20 ml/ 10 l ) as foliar spray at 15 and 30 days after sowing for effective and economic management of thrips and jassids.
5
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing summer groundnut are advised to spray imidacloprid 17.8 SL 0.005% (3 ml/ 10 lire water;25g.a.i./ha.) twice at 15 days interval starting after initiation of past for effective and economical management of sucking pests in groundnut. The pre harvested interval (PHI) of insecticide is 40 days.
6
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone are advised that the storage of fumigated groundnut pods in high density polythene (HDPE) bags or polythene layered gunny bags was more effective and economic in management of bruchid pest.
CASTOR
1
The farmers of South Saurashtra Region of Gujarat State growing castor crop are advised to spray cypermethrin 0.01% or methyl-o-dematon 0.025% or dimethoate 0.03% first at initiation of infestation and second after 15 days of first spray for effective and economical control of leaf miner, Liriomyza trifolii Burg.
2
Two sprays (first at initiation of infestation and second at 15 days after first spray) of any one of the following insecticides viz., Chlorpyriphos 0.05 % or Cypermethrin 0.015 % or Quinalphos 0.05% are recommended for the control of semilooper, Achea janata L. and leaf eating caterpillar, Spodoptera litura (Fab.) in castor crop grown under South Saurashtra region.
3
For effective and economical management of wireworm in castor, seed treatment of carbaryl 50 WP @ 5g/ kg seed or carbosulfan 27.18 DS @ 5g/kg seed or imidacloprid 70 WS @ or 5g/kg seed furrow application with phorate @ 10 kg/ha is recommended under South Sourashtra condition.
4
For effective and economic management of thrips in castor crop, spraying of acephate 0.05 % or dimethoate 0.03 % or profenophos 40% + cypermathrin 4 % 0.044% is recommended under South Saurashtra condition.
SESAMUM
1
The farmers of South Saurashtra region of Gujarat state growing sesamum crop are advised to spray the insecticides Monocrotophos 0.05 % or Dichlorvos 0.05% or Dimethoate 0.03% or Quinalphos 0.05% at initiation of flowering stage and second spray followed after 15 days for effective control of sesamum gallfly and to gain higher economic return from sesamum cro (2001).
2
For effective control of sesamum mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks) in South Saurashtra region, two sprays (first at initiation of infestation and second after 15 days of first spray) of dicofol 0.02% or dimethoate 0.03% or wettable sulfur 0.2% are recommende (2004).
MUSTARD
1
The farmers of South Saurashtra Region of Gujarat State growing mustard crop are advised to give 1st spray of insecticide cypermethrin+profenphos 44 EC 0.04 per cent or acephate 75 WP 0.05 per cent or imidacloprid 17.8 SL 0.005 per cent or methyl-o-demeton 25 EC 0.03 per cent or Carbosulfan 25 EC 0.03 per cent at initiation of infestation of aphid and second spray after 15 days of 1st spray are recommended.
2
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing sesame in Kharif season are advised to apply two sprays of chlorpyriphos 20 EC 250 g a.i./ha (25 ml/10 lit. water) or quinalphos 25 EC 0.05% 250 g a.i./ha (20 ml/10 lit. water) at 7 days interval starting from pest infestation for effective and economical management of mustard leaf webber.
PLANT PATHOLOGY
1
Farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone are advised to spray one percent fresh neem leaf extract at 35, 50 and 70 days for effective and economical management of tikka disease of groundnut.
2
Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-1 and Trichoderma viride- local as seed treatment @ 10g /kg seed are highly effective and economical in reducing collar rot, stem rot and tikka diseases of groundnut.
3
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone cultivating groundnut are advised to treat the seed with talc based Trichoderma viride @ 10g/kg seeds or apply T. viride @ 2.5kg/ha as soil drenching at 30 days after sowing or T. viridii @2.5kg along with either castor cake or FYM @ 100kg/ha in furrow at the time of sowing to reduce stem rot incidence.
4
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing groundnut are advised to treat the seeds with tebuconazole 2 % DS @ 1.5 g/kg seed and spray tebuconazole 250 EC @ 10 ml/ 10 lit. of water at 45 and 60 days after sowing OR
Apply talc based Trichoderma @ 10 g/kg seed and @ 4 kg/ha with 250 kg castor cake in furrow at the time of sowing and spray hexaconazole 5 EC @ 10 ml/10 lit. of water twice at 45 and 60 days after sowing for economic and effective control of soil borne (collar rot & stem rot) and foliar (tikka & rust) diseases.
5
The farmers of south Saurashtra growing summer groundnut are advised to apply three sprays of mancozeb 75 WP 0.2% (27 g/10 litre of water) at 35, 50 and 65 days after sowing for effective and economical management of alternaria leaf blight of groundnut.
6
The farmers of south Saurashtra growing kharif groundnut are advised to apply seed treatment with tebuconazole 25 WG @1.5 g/kg seed or seed treatment with Trichoderma viride 1% WP 10 g/kg seed, furrow application of T. viride at the time of sowing and  broadcasting at 40 DAS @ 4 kg enriched in 50 kg FYM and two sprays of tebuconazole 25.9 SC @10 ml/ 10 lit at 15 days interval from initiation of foliar disease for effective and economical management of collor rot, stem rot, tikka and rust disease.
Root-knot nematode
1
Farmers’ of South Saurashtra region are advised to sow groundnut with castor as relay crop (Row ratio of 2:1) along with soil application of carbofuran 3G @ 1 kg a.i/ha (Furadan 3 G @ 33 kg/ha) to reduce the root knot nematode disease (Meloidogyne arenaria) to get higher yield .
2
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone cultivating groundnut are advised to treat the seed with talc based Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 20 g/kg seeds followed by the application of Pseudomonas fluorescens in furrow @ 2.5 kg/ha for effective management of root knot nematode and stem rot diseases .
3
The groundnut growing farmers of South Saurashtra Agro- climatic zone are advised to apply talc based Paecilomyces lilacinus (cfu 1x106/g) as seed treatment @ 10g/kg seed or soil application of Paecilomyces lilacinus (cfu 1x106/g) @ 2.5 kg/ha for effective and economical management of root knot nematode.
4
It is recommended that for effective management of root knot nematode (M. areneria) in groundnut, farmers are advised to apply castor or mustard or neem cake @ 1 ton with 2 kg a.i. carbofuran ha prior to seeding; before 2-3 days .
SESAMUM and SUNFLOWER
1
It is recommended that two spraying of carbendazim 0.025 per cent or mancozeb 0.20 per cent should be carried out i.e. first at the time of appearance of disease and second after 15 days interval of first spray to control the leaf spot in sesamum.
2
Two spray of Carbendazim 0.025 per cent or Thiophanate methyl 0.05 per cent at 15 days interval starting first spray at 35 to 40 days after crop seeding are recommended for effective management of leaf spot disease of sunflower caused by Alternaria helianthi in Saurashtra region.
3
For effective and economic management of leaf spot of sunflower caused by Alternaria helianthi, three spray of carbendazim 0.025% (5 gm/10 lit of water) is recommended. The first spray should be carried out at the appearance of disease followed by 2nd and 3rd spray at 15 days interval. This recommendation made for North Saurashtra Agroclimatic zone.
MUSTARD
1
Three spraying of tridemefon 0.02 per cent are recommended for effective and economic control of powdery mildew of mustard in Junagadh area. The first spray should be at the time of disease appearance, second and third sprays should be at 15 days interval of previous spray. For marginal farmers wetteble sulpher 0.20 per cent must be used. This is over and above the earlier recommendation of three spraying of dinocap 0.025 per cent.
2
For effective management of powdery mildew of mustard farmers of South Saurashtra are advised to spray 2 per cent fresh neem leaf extract or 0.2 per cent wetteble sulpher , first spray at appearance of disease and second and third at 15 days interval.
PLANT PHYSIOLOGY
1
It is recommended to the scientific community that the genotypes DRT-2004-7 and J-53 possessed drought tolerance under unirrigated condition. Both genotypes recorded higher pod, haulm and biological yield. Harvest index and partitioning to pod were also highest along with high LAI and number of nodules at 70 DAS, thereby having better assimilation of photosynthates towards sink under rainfed condition. These genotypes may be used as parents in breeding programme for development of drought tolerant varieties.
2
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone growing kharif groundnut are advised to go for foliar application of chlormequat chloride 50% SL @ 1000 ppm (2.0 ml/lit) at 50 DAS to suppress the excess vegetative growth and to get higher pod yield and net return.
3
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic zone growing kharif groundnut are advised to go for foliar application of Cycocel (50% SL) @ 1000 ppm (2.0 ml/lit) at 30 DAS or foliar application of Paclobutrazol (23% w/w SC) @ 500 ppm (2.5 ml/lit) at 60 DAS to suppress the excess vegetative growth and to get higher pod yield and net.
4
The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing kharif groundnut are advised to go for foliar application of Zinc sulfate 0.5% (2.5 kg ha-1 in 500 liter water) at 35 and 70 DAS for proper vegetative growth and to get higher pod yield and net return.
AWARDS/MEDALS RECEIVED
1
The best castor research center award was bestowed upon AICRP (Castor) at Junagadh. A cash award of Rs 5000 and plaque were received by Prof. B.A. Kunadia and Dr. R.H. Kavani.
2
Prof. J. C. Dhingani and Dr. D. S. Kelaiya get third rank in oral presentation in Symposium on “Microbial angatonists and their role in biological control of plant diseases” during 5th October to 7th October, 2017 at Department of Plant Pathology, Anand Agricultural University, Anand.
PUBLICATIONS
No.
Detail
No. of publication
1
Research paper published
a.      International journal
63
b.      National journal
125
2
Popular article
85
3
Booklet published
06
4
Bulletins
07
5
Paper published in seminar/symposium/conference
50
LIST OF PUBLICATION OF CURRENT YEAR (2017-18)
1
F.G. Vala, P.M. Vaghasia, K.P. Zala and D.B. Buha(2017).Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management on Productivity of Summer Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10) :1951-1957.
2
P. M. Vaghasia, R. L. Davariya and R.N. Daki (2017) Effect of Bio-Phos (Chaetomium globosum) on Castor (Ricinus communis L.) Yield at Different Levels of Phosphorus under Irrigated Conditions.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 1974-1978.
3
Vaghasia, P. M.; Dobariya, K. L. and Daki, R. N. (2017) Effect of drip irrigation, fertigation and plant geometry on yield and water use efficiency in summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). J. Oilseeds Res., 34 :133-136.
4
R. M. Chavdhari, V. H. Kachhadia, J. H. Vachhani and M. B. Virani (2017) Genetic variability studies in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.).Electron. J. Plant Breed, 8(4):1288-1292
5
R. M. Chavdhari, V. H. Kachhadia, J. H. Vachhani and S. Sharma (2017) Genetic divergence in (Arachis hypogaea L.).Electron. J. Plant Breed. 8(3):1001-1005
6
M. B. Virani, J. H. Vachhani, V. H. Kachhadia, R. M. Chavdhari and R. A. Mungara(2017)  Heterosis studies in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.).Electron. J. Plant Breed. 8(3):1006-1012
7
D. V. Khanpara, G. M. Parmar, R. M. Vikani and K. L. Dobariya (2017). Evaluation of seed dressing chemicals for the management of sucking pests in summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.).J. Oilseeds Res 34 (1): 23-25.
EXTENSION ACTIVITIES
FLD (Frontline Demonstrations):
The government of India, while realizing the import dependency of the edible oils, established the technology mission on Oilseeds (TMO) in 1986 which adopted four pronged strategy for reaping production, processing and storage technologies for attaining self reliance in oilseeds. The series of farmer oriented policies through TMO made an impact on the vegetable oil production of the country to shift from a stagnation stage to swift growth stage. The Adhoc Project on “Frontline demonstrations in oilseed Crops” sponsored by Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Government of India was launched from Kharif, 1990-91. The above scheme amply provided opportunities to the researchers of the All India Coordinated Research Project on Oilseeds (AICORPO) actively in generation of location specific technologies for (1) demonstrating to farmers what they were advocating, (2) test their effect and viability, (3) obtain feed from the clients and (4) fine-tune the technologies to improve their acceptability and suitability to real farm situation.
No.
Year
FLD
Total assigned
Total conduc-ted
% Implem-entation
Summer
Kharif
Assigned
Conducted
Assigned
Conducted
1
2012-13
20
20
15
15
35
35
100
2
2013-14
10
10
20
20
30
30
100
3
2014-15
15
15
20
20
35
35
100
4
2015-16
10
10
35
35
45
45
100
5
2016-17
20
16
20
20
40
36
90
 
Total
75
71
110
110
185
181
97.84
LAB TO LAND ACTIVITIES
No.
Extension activities
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
Total
1
No. of training programmes organized
2
2
2
2
2
10
No. of participants
50
45
25
35
50
285
2
No. frontline demonstrations conducted
35
30
35
45
36
181
3
Field days
4
4
2
4
2
16
No. of participants
350
300
200
300
250
1400
4
Kishan Mela
2
3
4
4
2
15
5
MGMG
6
6
6
6
6
30
6
Dissemination of technology through text messages and voice by mobile phones etc
100
250
150
100
200
800
7
Krishi Mahoshtav
1
1
1
1
1
5
8
TV/Radio talk
15
13
15
16
20
15