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KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRA
Junagadh Agricultural University
Amreli

Year of Establishment:     March, 2005

General information about the Krishi Vigyan Kendra:
             The idea of establishment of Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) - Farm Science Center was evolved by the recommendations of the education commission/review by the planning commission and inter-Ministerial Committee, and further recommendation by the committee headed by Dr. Mohan Singh Mehta appointed by ICAR in 1973.
             The first KVK was established in 1974 at Pondicherry under the administrative control of the Tamilnadu Agriculture University, Coimbtore. The number of KVKs increased 290 during the V to IX Five Year Plan. The Hon'ble Prime Minister of India announced that by the end of 2007 there should be one KVK in each district of the country.
             Total 50 KVKs established during Twelth Plan.  At present there are 686 KVKs in India which include 459 under State Agricultural University (SAU) /CAU-State/ Central Agricultural University (CAU), 67 under ICAR Institutes, 106 under Non-government Organization, 36 under State Governments, 3 under Public Sector Undertakingsand the remaining 15 under Central University/Deemed University/Other Educational Institution. Gujarat state is having 30 KVKs of which, 07 KVKs are under Junagadh Agricultural University and Amreli is one of them, established in March, 2005.
Senior Scientist and Head
:
Dr. N.S.Joshi
Specialization
:
Horticulture
Telephone Number
:
91-2792-227122
E-mail
:
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Mobile
:
094281 91963
Staff Position:
S.N.
Name
Designation
Discipline
Mobile no.
Email id
1
Dr. N. S. Joshi
Senior Scientist Cum Head
Horticulture
9428191963
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2
Er. P. S. Jayswal
Scientist
Agriculture Engineering
9427569468
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3
Dr. Neha Tiwari
Scientist
Home Scienc
9714245285
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4
Mr. P. J. Prajapati
Scientist
Crop
Production
8660468032
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5
Mr. V. S. Parmer
Scientist
Extension Education
9724926891
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6
Mr. N. M. Kachhadiya
Scientist
Plant
Protection
9824059673
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7
Ms. K. K Gadhiya
Agricultural Officer
Plant pathology
 
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8
Shri S .N. Joshi
Computer
Programmer
-
9426554803
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9
Mr. S. G Baria
Farm Manager
Agriculture
9586218042
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10
Shri H. J. Ravaliya
Office Superitendent
cum Accountant
-
9429772244
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11
Shri A. H. Parmar
Stenographer
-
9909089570
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12
Shri K. V. Borichha
Supporting staff
-
9879697820
-
Total land with KVK:
S. N.
Item
Area (ha)
1
Under Buildings
2.00
2.
Under Demonstration Units
2.00
3.
Under Crops
12.50
4.
Orchard/Agro-forestry
1.00
5.
Others (WHS & Polytechnic Home Sci. building)
2.50
 
Total
20.00
DETAILS OF DISTRICT

Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

S. N.
Farming system/enterprise
1
Dry Farming
2
Rainfed : Cotton, Groundnut, Sesame, Black gram, Green gram, Mango, Onion
3
Agriculture – Horticulture (Mango)
4
Agriculture – Dairy
5
Agriculture – Fisheries
6
Cotton based cropping system
7
Groundnut based cropping system
8
Sesame based cropping system
9
Enterprise: Poultry, Fishery, Dairy, Sericulture, Vermicompost
Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

a) Soil type

S. N.
Agro-climatic Zone
Characteristics
1
North Saurashtra Agro climatic Zone VI
Medium black soil, coastal alluvial soil, rocky soil and alkaline soil
The climate of the district varies from moderately hot throughout the year except in winter. The climate is humid along with the coastal belt. The temperature varies from 8.01° Celsius in January to 43.7° Celsius in May. The average rainfall of last three years is 706 mm.

b) Topography

S.N.
Agro-ecological Situation
Soil texture
Altitude (m)
Principal Crops
grown
Special
Feature
Block
Covered
1
Medium black soil with 400-700 mm rainfall
Silty clay to clayey
75-150
Groundnut
Cotton
Pearl millet
-
Savarkundla,
Rajula and part of Jafrabad
2
Shallow black soils with 600-700 mm rainfall
Clayey
75-150
Groundnut
Cotton
Pearl millet
Wheat
-
Kunkavav, Bagasara
3
Saline - alkali (Heavy texture) soils with 500-600 mm rainfall
Clayey
75-150
Cotton
Groundnut
Pearl millet
Sorghum
Saline
ground
water
Amreli, Lathi, Liliya
4
Hilly soils with 300-600 mm rainfall
Clay loam,
clayey
75-300
Groundnut
Cotton
Pearl millet
Wheat
Well
drained
soils
Babra, Dhari, Khambha
5
Coastal alluvial soil with medium rainfall 750-1000 mm.
Sandy loam to silty
clay loam
25-75
Cotton
Groundnut
Sesame
Pearl millet
Saline
ground
water
Jafrabad and part of Rajula
Details of Operational area / Villages:
S.N.
Taluk
Name of the block
Name of the village
Major crops & enterprises
Major problem identified
Identified Thrust Areas
1
Lathi
Amreli
Kerala (Jogani)
Cotton, Groundnut, Cumin, wheat
·   Lack of irrigation facility
·   Poor quality of irrigation water
·   Wild animal problem
·   Poor fertility status of Land
·   Low yield of major crops
INM, IPM, Conserve moisture
Agriculture, Training on MIS
2
Lathi
Amreli
Harsupur Devaliya
Cotton, Groundnut, Green gram, wheat
·   Lack of irrigation facility
·   Poor quality of irrigation water
·   Wild animal problem
·   Low yield of major crops
INM, IPM,
Conserve Moisture agriculture
3
Liliya
Amreli
Saladi
Cotton, Green gram
·  Saline land and poor quality of irrigation water
·  Poor fertility status of Land
Conserve Moisture agriculture, OFT in cotton on BBF, Training on MIS
4
Liliya
Amreli
Jatruda
Cotton, Groundnut
·     Saline land and poor quality of irrigation water
·     Poor fertility status of Land
·     Low yield of major crops
INM, IPM, Conserve Moisture agriculture
5
Babra
Amreli
Vandaliya
Cotton, Groundnut, Cumin, Wheat
·   Low yield of major crops
·   Wild animal problem
·   Lack of irrigation facility
ICM, introduction of new varieties, Scientific cropping
6
Kukavav
Amreli
Lunidhaar
Cotton, Groundnut, Green gram, black gram
·  Low yield of major crops
·  Wild animal problem
·  Lack of irrigation facility
ICM, introduction of new varieties, Scientific cropping
7
Bagasra
Amreli
Haalariya
Groundnut, cotton, Green gram, black gram
·   Low yield of major crops
·   Wild animal problem
·   Lack of irrigation facility
ICM, introduction of new varieties, Scientific cropping
8
Dhari
Amreli
Ditla
Cotton, Groundnut, Mango
·     Low yield of major crops
·     Wild animal problem
ICM, introduction of new varieties, Scientific cropping
9
Amreli
Amreli
Babapur
Cotton, Castor, Wheat
·     Low yield of major crops
·     Wild animal problem
·     Poor quality of irrigation water
ICM, introduction of new varieties, Scientific cropping
10
Amreli
Amreli
Shedubhar
Cotton, Groundnut, Green gram, black gram
·     Low yield of major crops
·     Wild animal problem
·     Poor quality of irrigation water
ICM, introduction of new varieties, Scientific cropping
11
Amreli
Amreli
Vaankiya
Cotton, Groundnut, pigeon pea
·     Low yield of major crops
·     Wild animal problem
·     Poor quality of irrigation water
ICM, introduction of new varieties, Scientific cropping
12
Khambha
Amreli
Lakhapadar
Cotton, Groundnut, wheat, Pigeon pea
·     Low yield of major crops
·     Wild animal problem
ICM, introduction of new varieties, Scientific cropping
13
Savarkundla
Amreli
Nesdi
Cotton, Groundnut, wheat, Pigeon pea, lemon
·     Low yield of major crops
·     Wild animal problem
ICM, introduction of new varieties, Scientific cropping
14
Savarkundla
Amreli
Oliya
Cotton, Groundnut, wheat, Pigeon pea, lemon
·     Low yield of major crops
·     Wild animal problem
ICM, introduction of new varieties, Scientific cropping
15
Rajula
Amreli
Maandardi
Cotton, Groundnut, wheat, Pigeon pea
·     Low yield of major crops
·     Wild animal problem
ICM, introduction of new varieties, Scientific cropping
Frontline Demonstrations (April-2019 to December-2019):
Season
Number
Area (ha)
Kharif (KVK)
10
8
Kharif(ATIC)     
40
16
Kharif(NMOOP)
100
25
Kharif(NFSM)
34
13.6
Kharif (NICRA)
50
20
Rabi (KVK)
20
16
Rabi (ATIC)
75
18.75
Rabi (NFSM)
25
10
Rabi(NICRA)
18
7.2
Total
372
134.55
On Farm Testing (April-2019 to December-2019):

Season

Number

Area (Ha)

Kharif

16

3.4

Rabi

1

5.25

Training Programmes (April-2019 to December-2019):
S.N.
Training Programmes
No.
No. of beneficiary
1.
On campus
29
1672
2.
Off campus
19
1045
3.
Sponsored
6
266
4.
Extension personnal
2
124
5.
Vocational  
1
26
6.
Collobration training
3
154
 
Total
60
3287
Extension Programmes
Activities
No. of programmes
No. of farmers
Krushi Mela/ Krushi Exhibition
2
400
Field Day
16
157
Diagnostic visits
10
62
Scientists' visit to farmers field
25
204
Farmerss’ visit to KVK
434
434
Telephonic guidance
817
817
Press note published
14
-
Special day celebration
7
1125
Special events celebrated
S. N.
Activity
Date
No. of participants
1
Mahila Krushi Divas
06/08/2019
103
2
Animal Vaccination Programme
11/09/2019
153
3
Tree Plantation Programme
17/09/2019
100
4
Technology Week
16-20/09/2019
400
5
Swachhata hi Sewa Pakhavadiyu
11/09/2019 to 02/10/2019
500
6
Mahila Kisan Divas
15/10/2019
98
7
Fertilizer Application Awareness Programme
22/10/2019
160
8
Constitution Day
26/11/2019
60
9
World Soil Day
05/12/2019
120
10
Constitution Day
20/12/2019
60
11
Kisan Diwas
23/12/2019
60
12
Jay Kisan Jay Vigyan Day
25/12/2019
60
Details of scheme running under KVK, Amreli with its mandates and achievement 

1.  Krishi  Vigyan Kendra (KVK)A Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK)-is an agricultural extension center in India. The name means "farm science center". Usually associated with a local agricultural university, these centers serve as the ultimate link between the Indian Council of Agricultural Research and farmers, and aim to apply agricultural research in a practical, localized setting. All KVKs fall under the jurisdiction of one of the 11 Agricultural Technology Application Research Institutes (ATARIs) throughout India.

Mandates :
1.   Conduct ‘On Farm Testing’ (OFT) in farmers’ field for identifying technologies suitable for location specific sustainable land-use systems.
2.   Organize ‘Frontline Demonstrations’ (FLD) on various crops/livestock to generate production data and feedback.
3.   Organize training programmes to update the extension personal with recent advances in agricultural research on a regular basis.
4.   Organize short and long term training courses in Agriculture and allied enterprises for farmers, rural youth and unemployed women with emphasis on “Learning by doing” for higher output and to generate self employment.
5.   Function as knowledge cum resource centre for agriculture and allied sectors in the district.
6.   Production of quality seeds and planting materials for distribution among the farmers.
A) Summary of Progress Report of activities of Krishi  Vigyan Kendra, Amreli
a. Details of the target and achievements of mandatory activities by KVK during 2019-2020 (April 2019- January 2020)
OFT
FLD
1
2
Number of OFTs
Number of Farmers
Number of FLDs (Crops/Component)
Number of Farmers
Targets
Achievement
Targets
Achievement
Targets
Achievement
Targets
Achievement
8
8
29
29
85
(FLDs under KVK, ATIC, NICRA, NFSM)
85
598
573
Trainings
(Including sponsored, vocational etc.)
Extension Activities
3
4
Number of Courses
Number of participants
Number of Activities
Number of participants
Clientele
Targets
Achievement
Targets
Achievement
Targets
Achievement
Targets
Achievement
Farmers
62
62
2820
3219
220
378
9000
10072
Rural youth
5
6
135
289
Ext.
Functionaries
2
3
50
298
Other Scheme Trainings (ATIC, NICRA, NFSM)
NICRA -6
ATIC-11
NMOOP-3
NFSM-7
NICRA -6
ATIC-11
NMOOP-3
NFSM-7
NICRA -240
ATIC-400
NMOOP-150
NFSM-200
NICRA -298
ATIC-484
NMOOP-175
NFSM-298
NICRA -100
ATIC -35
NMOOP-50
NFSM-10
NICRA -150
ATIC -40
NMOOP-56
NFSM-15
NICRA -220
ATIC -1150
NMOOP-210
NFSM-200
NICRA-250
ATIC -1290
NMOOP-219
NFSM-300
Seed Production (Qt.)
Planting material (Nos.)
5
6
Target
Achievement
Target
Achievement
-
143.05
1500
4500
Achievements of Frontline Demonstrations:
a. Details of farming situation of FLDs conducted (April 2019 to January 2020)
Crop
Season
Farming
situation
Type of
Soil
Status of Soil
Sowing date
Harvesting Date
N
P
K
Sesame
Summer 2019
Irrigated
Medium Black
L
M
H
4th Week of February 2019
4th week of April 2019
Black
Gram
Summer 2019
Irrigated
Medium Black
L
M
H
2nd to 3rd Week of February 2019
3rd week of April 2019
Green Gram
Summer 2019
Irrigated
Medium Black
L
M
H
3rd to 4th Week of February 2019
3rd week of April 2019
Okra
Summer 2019
Irrigated
Medium Black
L
M
H
2nd to 3rd Week of February 2019
1st to 2nd week of June 2019
Castor
Kharif-19
Rainfed
Medium Black
L
M
H
4th week of August 2019
Yield awaited 
Cotton
Kharif-19
Rainfed
Medium Black
M
M
H
2nd Week of June to 2nd week of July 2019
3rd week of December 2019 to 2nd week of January 2020
Groundnut
Kharif-19
Rainfed
Medium Black
L
M
H
2nd Week of June to 2nd week of July 2019
2nd week of October to 4th week of October 2019
Wheat
Rabi 19-20
Irrigated
Medium Black
M
L
H
2nd to 3rd Week of November 2019
Yield awaited
Cumin
Rabi 19-20
Irrigated
Medium Black
L
M
H
3rd to 4th Week of November 2019
Yield awaited
Coriander
Rabi 19-20
Irrigated
Medium Black
M
M
H
2nd to 3rd Week of November 2019
Yield awaited
b. Performance of Front line demonstrations of crops
Sr. No.
Crop
Season
Component
/variety
No. of FLD
Area
in ha.
Average yield (q/ha)
% increase in productivity over local check
Demon.
Local check
(Variety)
1
Sesame
Summer 2019
GT-3
10
4
9.91
8.22
20.7
2
Black
Gram
Summer 2019
Guj. Urd-1
10
4
10.78
8.48
27.3
3
Green Gram
Summer 2019
GM-4
10
4
10.23
8.77
16.9
4
Okra
Summer 2019
GO-6
5
2
149
125
19.46
5
Castor
Kharif-19
GCH-9
10
4
Yield awaited
6
Cotton
Kharif-19
INM
10
4
19.58
17.61
11.31
7
Groundnut
Kharif-19
GJG-22
10
4
21.97
19.25
16.47
8
Wheat
Rabi 19-20
INM
10
4
Yield awaited
9
Cumin
Rabi 19-20
IDM
10
4
10
Coriander
Rabi 19-20
GC-2
10
4
c. Economic Impact of FLDs
Sr. No.
Crop
Variety/ Component
Season
Average Cost of cultivation
(Rs./ha)
Average Gross Return
(Rs./ha)
Average Net Return (Profit)
(Rs./ha)
Cost Ratio
(Gross Return
/ Gross Cost)
Demo
Local Check
Demo
Local Check
Demo
Local
Check
Demo.  
Local
1
Sesame
GT-3
Summer 2019
21378.4
20575.0
79280.0
57540.0
57901.6
36965.0
3.72
2.82
2
Black
Gram
Guj. Urd-1
Summer 2019
18923.0
19058.0
33652.3
25609.6
14729.3
6551.6
1.80
1.36
3
Green Gram
GM-4
Summer 2019
20498.4
20915.0
66495.0
52620.0
45996.6
31705.0
3.26
2.57
4
Okra
GO-6
Summer 2019
116657
114749
185675
149496
69018
34747
1.59
1.30
5
Castor
GCH-9
Kharif-19
Yield awaited
6
Cotton
INM
Kharif-19
30000
32000
103774
86289
73774
54289
3.46
2.70
7
Groundnut
GJG-22
Kharif-19
27200
28000
116441
94133
89241
66133
4.28
3.36
8
Wheat
INM
Rabi 19-20
Yield awaited
9
Cumin
IDM
Rabi 19-20
10
Coriander
GC-2
Rabi 19-20
2. Agricultural Technology Information Centre (ATIC)-The Agricultural Technology Information Centre (ATIC) is a “single window” support system linking the various units of a research institution with intermediary users and end users (farmers) in decision making and problem solving exercise. Its major mandate are:

1.   To empower farmers through direct access to information and knowledge

2.   To create strong linkage between research divisions / units and users of technology

3.   To help livestock holders in problem solving and decision making

4.   To facilitate a dynamic feed forward and feedback mechanism

5.   To bridge the gap between attainable and attained in livestock development and production

6.   To generate financial resources through sales and services
2. Summary of Progress Report of Agriculture Technology Information Centre Activities (ATIC) ( One of the running scheme under KVK, Amreli)
a. Trainings:
Sr. No.
Types of training
No. of Training
No. of participants
1
On Campus
6
256
2
Off Campus
5
228
Total
11
484
b.  Front Line Demonstration:
Sr. No.
Crop
Season
Component
/Variety
No. of FLD
Area
(ha.)
Average yield (Q/ha)
% increase in productivity
over local check
Demo.
Local
 check
1
Groundnut
Kharif 19
IPM (Metarhizium, Beauveria , Azadirechtin chloropyriphos
50
12.5
21.4
18.6
14.9
2
Cotton
Kharif 19
G. Cot 10 Bt II
20
5
22.3
19.8
12.4
3
Cotton
Kharif 19
IPM (Cotton Inputs Beauveria , Azadirechtin, Pheromone trap)
50
12.5
14.8
13.3
10.9
4
Groundnut
Kharif 19
GJG-22
20
5
27.0
24.7
9.4
5
Sesame
Kharif 19
GT-4
10
2.5
4.3
3.7
14.5
6
Gram
Rabi 19-20
IPM (Trchoderma,Pheromen trap, HNPV)
25
6.25
Crop standing
7
Gram
Rabi 19-20
GG-5
25
6.25
8
Wheat
Rabi 19-20
GJW 463
25
6.25
3. National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA)- was launched during February 2011] by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) with the funding from Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. The mega project has three major objectives of strategic research, technology demonstrations and capacity building. Assessment of the impact of climate change simultaneous with formulation of adaptive strategies is the prime approach under strategic research across all sectors of agriculture, dairying and fisheries.
Evolving climate resilient agricultural technologies that would increase farm production and productivity vis-à-vis continuous management of natural and manmade resources constitute an integral part of sustaining agriculture in the era of climate change. The four modules of NICRA – natural resource management, improving soil health, crop production and livestock – is aimed making the farmers self-reliant.
Mandates-

1.   To enhance the resilience of Indian agriculture covering crops, livestock and fisheries to climatic variability and climate change through development and application of improved production and risk management technologies.

2.   To demonstrate site specific technology packages on farmers' fields for adapting to current climate risks.

3.   To enhance the capacity of scientists and other stakeholders in climate resilient agricultural research and its application.

A) Summary of Progress Report ofactivities under National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) (One of the running scheme under KVK, Amreli)

a. Trainings:

Thematic area

No. of Courses

No. of beneficiaries

Male

Female

Total

Preparation of vermicompost and vermiwash unit

1

24

00

24

Proper soil sampling methods for soil testing

1

34

00

34

Integrated Nutrient Management in Kharif crops

1

130

00

130

Integrated pests and disease management in Kharif crops

1

55

00

55

Uses of mulching in agriculture

1

55

00

55

Total

5

298

00

298

b. Front Line Demonstration:
Sr. No.
Crop
Season
Component
/Variety
No. of FLD
Area
(ha)
Average yield (Q/ha)
% increase in productivity over local check
Demo.
Local
check
1
Groundnut
Kharif 19
GJG-22
10
4.0
30
(Groundnut)
19.5
(Cotton)
53.8
2
 
Cotton
Kharif 19
-
20
8.0
17.5
22.1
-20.8
Sesame
Kharif 19
Sesame GT-4
7.7
Additional Return from Sesame
3
Cotton
Kharif 19
IPM
20
8.0
17.1
16
6.9
4
Castor
Kharif 19
GCH-9
2
0.8
Result awaited
Total
52
20.8

 

c. Front Line Demonstration: 
Sr. No.
Crop
Season
Component
/Variety
No. of FLD
Area
(ha)
Average yield (q/ha)
% increase in productivity over local check
Demo.
Local
 check
1
Wheat
Rabi 19-20
GW-173
10
4.0
Standing
2
Chickpea
Rabi 19-20
GG-5
8
3.2
Total
18
7.2

 

III. Work under Natural Resource Management:
Name of intervention undertaken
No of units
No of farmers  benefitted
Vermicompost Unit
05
05
IV. Livestock:
Intervention undertaken
No. of units
Area covered (ha)/ No. of Animals
No. of farmers covered
Mineral Mixture Supplementation
-
50 Animals
50
Feeding management
-
50 Animals
50
Unconventional Feed resources (Azolla Unit)
5
5
5
V. Extension Activities

Thematic area

No. of activities

No. of beneficiaries

Male

Female

Total

Method demonstration

8

142

61

203

Agro advisory services

12

590

68

658

Awareness

5

76

32

108

Exposure visit

1

5

41

47

Field Day

3

73

9

82

Group discussion

5

128

32

159

Diagnostic visit

5

27

5

32

Total

40

1041

249

1290

4. National Food Security Mission (NFSM)- The National Development Council (NDC) in its 53rd meeting held on 29th May, 2007 adopted a resolution to launch a Food Security Mission comprising rice, wheat and pulses to increase the annual production of rice by 10 million tonnes, wheat by 8 million tonnes and pulses by 2 million tonnes by the end of the Eleventh Plan (2011-12). Accordingly, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, 'National Food Security Mission' (NFSM), was launched in October 2007.

The Mission met with an overwhelming success and achieved the targeted additional production of rice, wheat and pulses. The Mission continued during 12th Five Year Plan with new targets of additional production of food grains of 25 million tonnes of food grains comprising of 10 million tonnes rice, 8 million tonnes of wheat, 4 million tonnes of pulses and 3 million tonnes of coarse cereals by the end of 12th Five Year Plan.

Mandates- 
1.   Increasing production of rice, wheat, pulses and coarse cereals through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts of the country
2.   Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level
3.   Enhancing farm level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence amongst the farmers.
A) Summary of Progress Report ofactivities under National Food Security Mission NFSM (One of the running scheme under KVK, Amreli)
a. Trainings:
Sr. No.
Types of training
No. of Training
No. of participants
1
On campus
1
43
2
Off campus
1
80
3
Field Day
4
120
4
Field visit
12
36
5
Sponsored training
2
70
Total
22
451
b. Cluster Front Line Demonstrations of Rabi Pulses under NFSM:
Sr. No.
Crop
Season
Component
/Variety
No. of FLD
Area
(ha)
Average yield (q/ha)
% increase in productivity over local check
Demo.
Local
 check
1
Green gram
Kharif 19
GM-4, Trichoderma,  Rhizobium,
Beuvaria, PSB
25
10
3.11
2.66
17.69
2
Black gram
Kharif 19
GU-1, Trichoderma,  Rhizobium,
Beuvaria, PSB
25
10
3.45
2.69
31.48
3
Gram
Rabi 19-20
GG-5, Trichoderma,pheromone trap, Helilure, HNPV
25
10
Result awaited
5. National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)-India is one of the major oilseeds grower and importer of edible oils. India’s vegetable oil economy is the world’s fourth-largest after USA, China & Brazil. But a substantial portion of our requirement of edible oil is met through import of palm oil from Indonesia and Malaysia hence government of India implemented the National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) during the 12th Five Year Plan, to expand the oil palm areas and increase the production of edible oils
Mandates-
Mini Mission–I (Oil Seeds)
1.    The mission citing the importance of oil palm was launched in 12 potential states in India with the listed purpose,
2.    To bring 75,000 hectares area under palm cultivation and increase the production of edible oils
3.    To promote oil palms in all Northern-Eastern states
4.    To address the demand for new oil palm plantations both from native and imported sources
5.    To render assistance to farmers by providing planting materials, maintenance cost for palms, irrigation & bore well, and harvesting tools.
6.    To buy Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) from farmers through processing industries
7.    To provide profitable rates for FFBs when international Crude Palm Oil (CPO) price drops
8.    To support farmers through Market Intervention Scheme (MIS)

Mini Mission-II (Oil Palm)

1.    To increase the Seed Replacement Ratio (SSR) with a focus on the Varietal Replacement.
2.    To raise the area of irrigation of the Oilseeds from 26% to 36%.
3.    To encourage the inter-cropping of oilseeds with cereals/pulses and sugarcane.
4.    To increase the availability of quality and efficient planting materials of Oil Palm and Tree Borne Oilseeds (TBOs).
Mini Mission-III (Tree Borne Oilseeds (TBOs)).
NMOOP implements the Mini Mission–III either through the Departments of Agriculture of the State Governments or the Department of Horticulture and it focuses on,
1.     Expanding the plantation area.
2.     Providing proper maintenance of the seedings.
3.     Encouraging the intercropping during the gestation periods.
4.     Providing technical support and training with the assistance of Government institutions.

A ) Summary of Progress Report ofACTIVITIES UNDER National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) ( One of the running scheme under KVK, Amreli)

a. Trainings:
Sr. No.
Types of training
No. of Training
No. of participants
1
Off campus
1
36
2
Field Day
6
75
3
Sponsored training
2
139
Total
9
250
b. Cluster Front Line Demonstrations of oilseed under NMoop: 
SN
Crop
Season
Component
/Variety
No of FLD
Area
(ha.)
Average yield (q/ha)
% increase in productivity
over local check
Demo.
Local
check
1
Groundnut
Kharif-2019
GJG-22,Metarhizium, Rhizobium and PSB
50
20
25.7
23.00
11.93
2
Sesame
Kharif-2019
GT-4 and Beauria, Trichoderma, Azadirectine, Pendimethalin
50
20
5.8
4.9
19.65

6. District Agro-Meteorological Unit (DAMU) In order to provide direct services to the farming community of the country an exclusive Division of Agricultural Meteorology was set up in 1932 under the umbrella of India Meteorological Department (IMD) at Pune with the objective to minimize the impact of adverse weather on crops and to make use of favourable weather to boost agricultural production. India Meteorological Department (IMD), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Govt. of India, New Delhi is operating an integrated Agro-Meteorological Advisory Service (AAS) at district level, in India, which represents a small step towards agriculture management in rhythm with weather and climate variability leading to weather proofing for farm production. Under AAS, needs of farming community was defined through ascertaining information requirement of diverse groups of end-users. It emerged, that prime need of the farmer is location specific weather forecast in quantitative terms.

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and India Meteorological Department (IMD) have jointly planned to augment the Agromet Advisory System (AAS) network to sub-district (block) level. 200 Krishi Vigyan Kendras  including the 110 Aspirational districts have been identified for setting up of District Agro-Met Units (DAMUs) to provide Agromet services to farmers.

District Agromet Unit in KVK, Amreli

The District Agromet Unit is running successfully in krishi Vigyan Kendra, JAU, Amreli since October 25, 2019 by recruitment of SMS (Agrometeorology) and Agromet observer. The AMFU (Agro-meteorological Field unit), DFRS, Targhadiya was already provides Agro advisories services to farmers of Amreli district by making District wise Agriculture based weather bulletine, But District agromet is the Concept of IMD and ICAR to provide agro-advisory service for block level Agriculture based weather bulletin.

Subject Matter Specialist (Agrometeorology)
Mr. N. J. Hadiya,
M. Sc. (Agrometeorology)
Agromet Observer
Mr. N. Ghoniya
M. Sc. (industrial Chemistry)

The District Agrometeorological Unit, KVK, JAU, Amreli is making Agro weather bulletin for all the 11 blocks viz. Amreli, Babra, Bagasara, Dhari, Jafrabad, Khambha, Lathi, Liliya, Kunkavav-vadiya, Rajula and Savarkundla of the Amreli district and also for the District itself.

Weather Bulletin

DAMU making weather bulletin on the basis of medium range forecast provided by India Meteorological Department supported by GFS model for the blockwise wether bulletin. The block-wise advisory is the experimental level now. The advisory preparation is Bilangual (Both the English and Local language) twice in a week on Tuesday and Friday. There are several weather parameter forecast received from IMD i.e. Rainfall, Maximum temperature, Minimum temperature, Relative humidity (maximum and minimum), Cloud cover, Wind speed and direction. After Interpretation of these parameters SMS (Agrometeorology) making weather bulletin by help of different subject matter specialists of Krishi Vigyan Kendra. The bulletin preparation is for main crops of Amreli distct i.e. Cotton, Groundnut, Wheat, Green gram, Pigeon pea, Black gram, Cumin, Chickpea, Mango, Castor, lemon, ber, etc., Plant protection, Field Preparation, Weed management,  also for livestock enterprise, fisheries and Poultry.

Dissemination of weather bulletin.

The weather bulletin is disseminate to different departments connected to agriculture, NGOs, individually to farmers group by short message service (mKisan portal), and by social media by making farmers groups.

Farmer Awareness Programmes

Climate based farming is drawing farmer near to precision agriculture. So, farmer awareness is very important for cover more number can receive Agro advisories. Farmers can mitigate their crops itself against uneven weather patterns.

Advisories disseminated to farmers

Number of Weather Bulletin till the June, 11, 2020
District Name
No. of advisories
Amreli
4
Block name
No. of advisories
Amreli
54
Babra
54
Bagasara
54
Dhari
54
Jafrabad
54
Khambha
54
Kunkavav Vadiya
54
Lathi
54
Liliya
54
Rajula
54
Savarkundla
54
Total No. of Weather Bulletin
598
 
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