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Grassland Research Station
Junagadh Agricultural University
Bagsara Road,
Dhari - 365 640 Dist. Amreli
(Gujarat)(India)

Year of Establishment : 1958-59
Introduction:
This centre was established by Mumbai Government as soil conservation block in the year 1958-59 and transferred to the Department of Agriculture, Government of Gujarat as main station for research in grassland under rainfed conditions since 01-06-1962 with a view to conduct research in grasses, improvement of natural grassland area. In 1972 with the initiation of Gujarat Agricultural University, the centre was transferred to the university. For strengthening research work at Dhari, National Agricultural Research Project (North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone) was sanctioned in 1982 having multi disciplinary approach for planning research under specific farming situation in collaboration with All India Sorghum Research Project, Surat and All India Forage Research Project, AAU, Anand.
Grassland Research Station and Agricultural Research Station are two research stations which are working at Dhari. The mandate to take up multidisciplinary Research work in various grasses and dry farming research on groundnut, cotton, sesemum, bajara and horticultural crops to meet the need of developing production technology for increasing production in Gujarat as well as to abroad. The Grassland research station is located in the village Dhari situated 3 km. away from Dhari bus stop on Dhari-Bagasara road and Agricultural research station, Dhari situated 3 km. away from Dhari bus stop on Dhari-Kodinar road. Village Dhari situated 45 km. away from Amreli. The annual rainfall of this region for the last 25 years range from 400 mm to 500 mm with an average precipitation of 479 mm. The major soil types of the North Saurashtra Agro climatic Zone in order of priority are : medium black, sallow black, residual sandy, coastal alluvial, saline alkali, hilly.
Mandate :
  1. To take up multidisciplinary research work in various pasture grasses and forage crops.
  2. To take up multidisciplinary research work on dry farming research on groundnut, cotton, sesemum and bajara.
  3. To take up research work in arid horticultural crops.
  4. To generate information on sustainability of the existing cropping/farming systems.
  5. Evolving appropriate cropping/farming systems for different categories of soil based on land capability classification and their production technology.
Objectives : (Projectwise)
Project for research in forage (Grasses)
  1. Research in Pasture grasses and legume
  2. Grassland management in relation to grazing system
  3. Soil and moisture conservation
  4. Nutritional aspect of fodder crops
National Agricultural Research Project
  1. Location specific research programme for forage crop
  2. Nutritional aspect of forage crop
  3. Breeding work in forage crop
  4. Agro-Horticultural Research
  5. Silvi-pastural Research
  6. Pathological and Entomological Research Work
Dry farming Research Project
  1. To identify suitable agronomical and water harvesting techniques for maxi mixing yield potential in prominent dry farming crops viz, groundnut, sorghum, sesamum etc.
  2. To identify suitable crop varieties in prominent dry farming crop of the region.
  3. Major thrust areas of research in groundnut, sesamum and bajara crops.
  4. Pasture grasses and legume and forage crops.
  5. Agro-Horticultural and Silvi-pastural system.
Research on water shed management :
  1. To identify appropriate soil manipulation technology for in-situ moisture conservation.
  2. To identify local native species for trees, shrubs and pasture grasses and legumes for conservation of moisture.
  3. Evolving appropriate cropping/farming systems for different categories of soil based on land capability classification and their production technology.
  4. To generate information on sustainability of the existing cropping/farming systems.
Faculty Profile :
Sr.
Name
Designation
Qualification
Specialized subject
Remarks
1
Dr. M.V. Ramdevputra
Asso. Res. Sci.
Ph.D.
Horticulture
 
2
D.R. Kanzaria
Asstt. Res. Sci.
Ms.C.
Agronomy
 
3
R.P.Kumbhani
Asstt. Res. Sci.
M.Sc.
Plant Brideeing
 
4
N.H. Devmurari
Asstt. Res. Sci.
M.Sc.
Plant Brideeing
 
5
V. V. Ansodariya
Asstt. Res. Sci.
M. Sc.
Horticulture
 
6
S. F. Paghdar
Agril. Officer
M.Sc.
Plant Brideeing
On pooled at MSRS, Kodianar
7
P.B. Khodifad
Agril. Officer
M.Sc.
Ext..Edu.
On pooled at MSRS, Kodianar

Research projects and schemes – ongoing

Sr.
Scheme title
Budget Head
1
Project for research in grasses (Forage)
5012
2
Project for research in dry framing
5042
3
National Agricultural Research Project
7082-C
4
Research in water shed management
10905
5
Mega seed
18803-03
6
Revolving fund
9510-J19
7
Establishment of small scale nursery
18126-14
Research Activities :
A. Crop Improvement
  1. Collection, maintenance and evaluation of grasses and legume germplasm.
  2. Evaluation of different soil mixture palates on germination of pasture grasses.
  3. Varietal trial on Cenchrus cilliaris (VTCC-2006).
  4. Small scale varietal trial on Anjan grass (SSVTCC).
  5. Small scale varietal trial on Marvel grass (SSVT).
  6. Large scale varietal trial on Anjan grass (LSVTCC).
  7. Large scale varietal trial on Marvel grass (LSVTCC).
  8. LSVT (early) of single cut fodder sorghum (LSVT).
  9. VT in Chrysopogon fulvus (2007).
  10. VT in Dichanthium (2007).
  11. VT in Chloris gayana (2007).
  12. Large scale trial on hybrid bajara.
  13. Small scale varietal trial on sesamum.
B. Resource Management
  1. Response of fodder sorghum SRF-203 to different seed rate and nitrogen levels for higher production.
  2. Bio-fertilizer and nitrogen management studies in forage sorghum varieties.
  3. Evaluation of different proportions of grass-legume seed mixture on the establishment and production for their sustained productivity on marginal and sub-marginal lands.
  4. Effect of nitrogen and bio-fertilizer on yield on Cenchrus ciliaris (Anjan grass).
  5. Impact of land configuration on biomass yield of pasture legume and grass.
  6. Evaluation of different methods for in-situ moisture on conservation in horticultural crop under dry farming conditions (Drum stick).
  7. Impact of land configuration on yield of groundnut crop.
  8. Comparative studies of P & S on yield and quality of forage sorghum Var. SSG-59-3
  9. Response of Stylosanthes hamata and Clitoria ternatea to various levels of spacing and fertilizers.
  10. Response of various grasses to different levels of fertilizers.
  11. Effect of mulching on yield of ber cultivars.
C. Crop Protection
  1. Development of low cost protection technology for sorghum shoot fly [Atherigona soccata (R)].
  2. Population dynamics of Atherigona soccata and Chilo partalus on forage   sorghum in relation to abiotic factors in north Saurashtra agro-climatic zone.
  3. Management of sucking pests in coriender through newer insecticides
  4. Chemical control of thrips (Thris tabaci) in onion through newer insecticides
  5. Management of gram pod borer through newer insecticides in chickpea
Achievements :
  1. Rabi Crop Campaigning -2005 was also organized in three villages of each taluka. The scientists of this center transferred new technologies for Rabi crops of this area.
  2. Eighth Plan on Cereals, Cotton and Pulses Development Training Programmes conducted by Department of Agriculture, Gujarat State were also participated by the scientists of this center and provided new agricultural guidance to trainees.
  3. Two NGO/GSFC farmer’s meetings also guided by the scientists of this center.
  4. Agricultural technology and guidance also given to the farmers by farm visit.
Publications :
Research Papers Published by the Faculty : 21
Popular Articles useful for Farmers : 8
Transfer of Technologies / Extension Activities :
The technologies developed at this research station is being discriminated to the various extension agencies, N.G.O's, farmers and students in the following ways.
  1. Kharif Krushi Mahotsav-2005 was organized during 11/05/2005 to 11/06/2005. Area specific agricultural new technologies and techniques were provided to the farmers by with collaboration of Department of Agriculture, Gujarat State. All the scientist and other technical staff members were participated in this programme. Soil Health Cards also distributed to the farmers during this programme.
  2. Rabi Crop Campaigning -2005 was also organized in three villages of each taluka. The scientists of this center transferred new technologies for Rabi crops of this area.
  3. Eighth Plan on Cereals, Cotton and Pulses Development Training Programmes conducted by Department of Agriculture, Gujarat State were also participated by the scientists of this center and provided new agricultural guidance to trainees.
  4. Two NGO/GSFC farmer’s meetings also guided by the scientists of this center.
  5. Agricultural technology and guidance also given to the farmers by farm visit.
  6. Educating students during Kendra Nivas and to farmers during visit of this station
  7. Through TV, Radio broadcasting, literature, press note, personnel / spot field diagnosis and letter etc.
Future Outlook :
Targets :
  1. Yield enhancement and stability in production of grasses.
  2. Research in arid horticultural crops like ber, pomegranet and aonla
  3. Research in water shed management
  4. Research in groundnut, coton and wheat
Mile stone :
  1. Development of high yielding veirieties of pasture grasses.
  2. Production technology for pasture grasses.
  3. Seed production programme of groundnut, cumin and gram for farmers.
  4. Development of horticultural nursery.
 Activities:
  1. Development of high yielding veirieties of pasture grasses.
  2. Production technology for pasture grasses.
  3. Seed production programme of groundnut, cumin and gram for farmers.
  4. Develop horticultural nursery.

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