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Main Dry Farming Research Station
Junagadh Agricultural University,
TARGHADIA -360 003, Ta & Dist : Rajkot (Gujarat)

Year of Establishment : 1958 

In  order  to  meet the challenges and  the  vagaries  of  monsoon,  to evolve suitable technology to minimize such  risk  and  to achieve stability, the state government  established  the Main Dry Farming Research Station at Targhadia, Rajkot during the year of 1958.  In the beginning, it was started with the minimum staff position of one Agril. Officer and two Agril. Assistants which  later  on  strengthened  by  providing   one  position  of  scientist  i.e.  Dry farming investigator during the third five year plan period. Seven sub centre  viz.,  Vallabhipur, Jamkhambhalia,  Dhandhuka,  Radhanpur, Ratia,  Nanakandhasar  and  Dhari  were  established by Government of  Gujarat  in  different  Agro -climatic Zones of the state, where rainfall is less than  625  mm  and  locations  are the true  representative  of  the  region  particularly  under  arid and semiarid areas of  the  state. In  course of  time  the  station  has  been strengthened  step by step through AICRP for  Dryland  agriculture  (1971),  National Agricultural Research Project (1979)  and  many  other  projects/schemes financed by state/central government  and other agencies.

Introduction:
The Main Dry Farming Research Station, JAU, Targhadia (Rajkot) is located 14 km North-East of Rajkot city on the National Highway 8B. It represents medium black soils of North Saurashtra Agroclimatic Zone of Gujarat State. The crops like groundnut, sesamum, cotton, castor, pearlmillet, sorghum, pulses are grown under rainfed conditions. The centre has been established with the aim to evolve suitable dry farming technology for the region and package of practices for increasing higher yields of different crops grown in the region.
Mandate :
  1. To increase of the necessary infra-structure facilities and to conduct need based location specific research on the basis of agro-climatic zones identified in the state.
  2. To rationalization of university research programmes and strengthening the capacity of the agricultural university to undertake research on location specific problems in all parts of the state.
  3. To undertake basic and applied research that will contribute to the development of strategies for sustainable farming systems in the rainfed areas.
  4. To act as a centre for training in research methodologies in the fields for management of rainfed farming systems.
  5. To collaborate with relevant national and international agencies for achieving the objectives.
  6. To organize front line demonstration on various crops for generating production data and feed back information from farmers.
  7. To organize short and long term vocational training course in agriculture and allied vocations for the farmers, farm women and rural youth with emphasis on "learning by doing" for higher production on farms, thereby, generating self employment.
Objectives :
  1. To carryout research work on dryland agriculture for crop improvement, soil and water management practices and to develop the package of practices of crops under dry farming conditions.
  2. To conduct research on problem related to the crop production of dry farming areas.
  3. To Develop the agronomic practices for increasing crop production per unit area under dry land agriculture.
  4. To determine the rate and the method of application of fertilizer with sustaining soil fertility.
  5. To screening of suitable crops and varieties for their suitability under drought conditions.
  6. To increase water intake rate and moisture storage capacity of soils
  7. To develop the water harvesting technologies that improving moisture regimes.
  8. Evolving suitable soil moisture conservation practices that reducing soil erosion and runoff.
  9. To develop soil and water conservation techniques.
  10. To evaluate suitable farming system in the rainfed area of the state.
  11. To develop suitable dry farming practices for crops grown in different agro-ecological conditions.
  12. To develop the suitable alternate land use planning.
  13. Development of land use pattern for more efficient use of natural resources and ecological potential.
  14. To evolve minimum supplemental irrigation practices at critical periods of crop growth for increasing water use efficiency.
  15. To study of chemicals as anti-transparent and anti-evoperants for reducing evapo-transpiration and improving moisture storage efficiency of plants.
  16. To evolve bio-intensive plant protection schedules for major pests and diseases of crops grown in the area.
  17. To develop low cost implements.
  18. To provide training to village level extension workers, farmers and farm women for transfer of agricultural technology generated by the university.
  19. To forecast the weather position and to advise the farmers for periodical agricultural operations.
  20. To develop technology for avoiding or minimize the effect of climate change on crops.
Faculty Profile :
Sr.
No
Name
Designation
Qualification
Specialized
subject
1
Dr. V.N. Patel
Research Scientist
(Agril. Entomology) & Head
Ph.D.
Agril. Entomology
2
Dr. G.S. Sutaria
Research Scientist
(Soil Science)
Ph.D.
Agril.Chem.
& Soil Science
3
Dr. B. B.  Kabaria
Research Scientist
(Plant Pathology)
Ph.D.
Agril. Entomology
4
Dr. D. S. Hirapara
Associate Res. Scientist (Agronomy)
Ph.D.
Agronomy
5
Shri. G. B. Vekaria
Associate Res. Scientist.
(Plant .Physio.)
M.Sc.(Agri.)
Plant Physiology
6
Shri M. M. Talapada
Assistant Res. Scientist
(Plant Breeding)
Ph.D.
Plant Breeding & Genetic
7.
Dr. P. D. Vekariya
Assistant  Res. Scientist
(Soil Science.)
Ph.D.
Agronomy
8
Shri V. D. Vora
Assistant Res. Scientist
(Agril. Meteorology)
M.Sc.(Agri.)
Agronomy
9.
Kumari  Jinisha T. Patel
Senior Res. Assistant
B. Tech.
(Ag. Engg.)
Agril.
Engineering
Research projects and schemes – ongoing
Sr.
No.
Name of Scheme/Project
Budget Head 
Type of scheme
Funding Agency
Year of Start
1
All India Coordinated Research Project for Dryland Agriculture
2042-1
Plan
ICAR
1971
2
National Initiative on climate Resilient Agriculture
2042-02
Plan
ICAR
2010
3
National Agril.  Research  Project   for Strengthening of Dry Farming Research Stations
5042
Non-Plan
State Govt.
1979
4.
Strengthening of Research in Dry Farming
12078
Plan
State Govt.
1979
5
Scheme for Research on Watershed Management
12905
Plan
State Govt.
2000
6
Experimental Agro-met Advisory Services at Targhadia
18005-1
Plan
Govt.of India
2001
7
Centre of Excellence on Soil and Water Management - Targhadia
12101-2
Plan
State Govt.
2005
8
Recycling of organic waste for
sustainable soil productivity under dry land agriculture
12025-00
Plan
State Govt.
2012
Research Activities :
a)
Resource Management
 
 1.
Integrated farming system under rainfed condition.
 
 2.
Recycling of cotton stalks and its effect on yield and soil health.
 
 3.
To evaluate crop sequence and nutrient management respect to  sustain  crop  yield  and soil  productivity  under  rainfed  agriculture
 
 4.
To study the evapotranspiration during different  phenophase of  kharif crop 
 
 5.
Alternate land use system in groundnut base crop production system under rainfed condition.
 
 6.
To workout the suitable inter cropping system for different crops
 
 7.
Effect of soil conditioners and mulching on growth and yield.
b)
Rainwater Management
 
 1.
Evaluation of rainfall erosivity index and soil erodibility factor in medium black soil under different cropping systems.
 
 2.
Response of groundnut to supplementary irrigation. 
 
 3.
In-situ moisture conservation in rainfed stressed region for increasing productivity of cotton crop.
 
 4.
Rainwater management for sustaining cotton productivity in medium black soils under dry farming conditions.
 
 5.
 Rainwater management for sustaining groundnut productivity in medium black soils under dry farming conditions.
c)
Nutrient Management:
 
 1.
Integrated  nutrient  supply system for  rainfed / semi  arid   crops
 
 2.
To study the integrated nutrient management in different crops.
 
 3.
Fertilizer management in intercropping system under dry farming conditions
 
 4.
Integrated  nutrient  management for cropping sequence under rainfed agriculture
 
 5.
To  study the status of available nutrient  under  different crop sequence in North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone
 
 6.
Effect of nutrients management modules for minimizing drought impact and groundnut yield maximization in rainfed regions.
 
 7.
Nutrient management in Bt. Cotton under rainfed condition.
d)
Crop Improvement:
 
 1.
Screening of varieties of different crops for increasing crop productivity of the dry farming areas.
 
 2.
Large/small scale varietal trials of groundnut, sesame, castor, cotton, green gram, black gram, cowpea, soybean, pearl millet, sorghum etc..
 
 3.
Screening  of high yielding released/pre-released genotypes of bunch groundnut for drought tolerance/resistance
 
 4.
Participatory varietal selection of groundnut
e)
Plant Protection
 
 1.
Survey, surveillance and forecasting of pests and diseases of various crops.
 
 2.
Surveillance of pink boll worm in cotton under rainfed conditions.
 
 3.
Management of mealy bug infesting cotton under dry farming condition.
 
 4.
Eco-friendly management of different pest of various crops under rainfed condition
 
 5.
Determination of economics threshold level (ETL) of different pest of various crops under rainfed condition.
 
 6.
To study of weather parameters in relation to initiation and development of stem rot of groundnut.
 
 7.
Population dynamics of different pest of various crops in relation to different weather parameters
 
 8.
Management of different disease of various crops under rainfed condition.
f)
Agro-met Advisory Service:
 
 1.
Weekly weather forecasting and advice for package of practices to be follow by farmers.
g)
Plant Clinical Service
 
 1.
Plant sample diagnosis and advice.
 
 2.
Field diagnosis service.
 
 3.
Telephonic problem diagnosis and advisory service.
 
 4.
Special team visit at farmer’s field by the scientist.
 
 5.
Information broadcasting through radio, T.V., news paper, bulletins, pamphlets, film show, krushi mela etc.
Achievements:
      Theme and Scheme wise Number of Recommendations for the farmers
Sr.
No.
Theme
No. of Recommendations
Total
AICRP
NARP
DFRS
RWSM
CESWM
1.
Rain Water Management  
9
-
1
1
1
12
2.
 Nutrient Management
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
a  
Compost   
2
-
-
-
-
2
b
Organic farming
1
-
-
-
-
1
c
Nutrient Management in  
Sole Cropping System
10
2
11
-
-
23
d
Nutrient Management in  
Intercropping System
1
2
2
-
-
5
e
Nutrient Management in Mixed Cropping System
1
-
-
-
-
1
f
Nutrient Management in
Crop Rotation
2
1
2
-
-
5
3.
 Drought Management
1
1
-
-
-
2
4.
 
 
 
 Crop Management
 
 
 
 
 
 
a
Sowing Time      
-
1
-
-
-
1
b
Sowing Time and Fertilizer
-
1
-
-
-
1
c
Spacing    
-
2
7
-
-
9
d
Seed Size and Seed Rate
-
1
-
-
-
1
e
Spacing, Seed Rate & Fertilizer
1
-
-
-
-
1
f
Tillage
-
-
-
1
-
1
g
Foliar Application of inorganic substances and Irrigation
-
1
-
-
-
1
h
Growth Regulators
-
-
1
-
-
1
g
Contingency Crop Planning
1
-
-
-
-
1
5.
 Weed Management  
 
 
 
 
 
 
a
Weed Management in Sole Cropping 
1
-
3
-
-
4
b
Weed Management in Intercropping 
-
1
-
-
-
1
6.
 
 Cropping System    
 
 
 
 
 
 
a
Intercropping System
5
3
7
-
-
15
b
Mixed Cropping System
1
-
2
-
-
3
c
Alley Cropping System 
2
 
-
1
-
3
d
Agro-Horticulture System
-
1
-
-
-
1
7.
Farm Power and Machinery
-
4
-
-
-
4
8.
Plant Protection
 
 
 
 
 
 
a
PestControl     
-
12
-
-
-
12
b
Disease Control
-
8
-
-
-
8
             TOTAL    
38
41
36
3
1
119
Publications :
Sr.
No.
Particular
 Numbers
remarks
1.
 Research Paper Published in Journal
201
Since 1975
 
 a. International journal
55
 b. National journal
146
2.
 Paper presented/accepted & published in proceeding/  
 abstracts
152
Since 1977
3.
 Popular article published in periodical/ magazine/news paper
360
Since 2004
4.
 Radio talk
214
Since 2000
5.
 T.V. talk delivered
98
Since 2000
6.
 Publication of leaflet, technical bulletin, booklet , folder, etc.
64
Since 1995
Transfer of Technologies :

The technologies developed at this research centre is being discriminated to the various extension agencies, NGOs, GROFED, GSFC, GNFC, IFFCO GLDC,   farmers and students in the following ways.

  • Organizing farmers day / participation in agril. fair.
  • Participating in the 'Krushi Mela', farmers days and Agril. Exhibition organized by University or other agencies.
  • Educating extension worker / officers in pre-seasonal training, diagnostic team visit and other training programmes.
  • Conducting front line demonstration of new release varieties/recommended technologies and organizing field days on farmer’s field.
  • Educating student during Kendra Nivas and to farmers during visit of this station.
  • Through TV, Radio broadcasting, literature, press note, personnel/spot field diagnosis etc.
  • Extent of adoption and constraints in adoption of dry farming technology by the farmers.
  • Identification of research needs of dry farming technology for the farmers
Linkages with Extension :
The dry farming research activities linked with the extension personnel, farmers and other agencies of the region are as under: 
  1. District Level Technical Committee with Department of Extension of the State
  2. Zonal Level Technical Committee (ZREAC)
  3. Agricultural Research Council of JAU
  4. Training and Visit Programme
    1. Short Duration Training Programme
    2. Special Training Programme for VLWs
  5. Krushi Vigyan Kendra (KVK)
Linkages with farmers :
  1. Adoption of villages.
  2. Organization of Farmer's Day.
  3. Visits of the scientists to farmers field.
  4. Visits of the Farmers at the centre.
  5. Training for the Farmers
Contact :
       Dr. V. N. Patel
       Research Scientist (Dry Farming)
       Main Dry Farming Research Station
       Junagadh Agricultural University
       TARGHADIA -360 003, Ta & Dist : Rajkot (Gujarat)
       Phone :  Office : 0281 - 2784260, 2784722,  Mobile : 94277 28523
       Fax No. : 0281 - 2784722
       E-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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