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Agricultural Research Station, Amreli

1.  Name of Research Station :

     Agricultural Research Station, Junagadh Agricultural University, Dist. : Amreli-365601.

2.  Brief History of Sation :
Agricultural Research Station was established by Gayakwad State as a Model Farm in the year 1926. Then it was transferred to the Department of Agriculture, Gujarat State, and later on to Gujarat Agricultural University in 1972. With the formation of Junagadh Agricultural University on 1-5-2004, this research station is working under Junagadh Agricultural University Administration. Vide G.R.No. 8-16067-Com-Scheme-1, dated 31-3-67 from ICAR, New Delhi, All India Co-ordinated Research Project was started at this centre from 1st March 1967. It was further extended vide G.R.No. Agricultural and Co-operation department ICAR/1966-15104-8, New Delhi, dated 5-3-88.
         This project was started at Umrala of the district Bhavnagar in the year 1967-68 and later on, it was shifted to Amreli in the year 1978-79. The scheme is being run by only post of Assistant Research Scientist (Plant breeding). Then after considering the workload, the ICAR has sanctioned one post of Junior Agronomist and one post of Junior breeder in VIIth plan for Rabi-Summer Groundnut and Sunflower. Up to April 2004, this centre was working as a part of Gujarat Agricultural University. Now, it is working under the control of Junagadh Agricultural University and Research Scientist (Plant Breeding) is the Head of Unit. 
3. Faculty Profile :
SN
Name
Designation
Qualification
Specialization
1
Dr. V. N. Gohil
I/c. Res. Sci.
Ph.D.
Plant Breeding
2
Sh. B.V. Radadiya
Asso. Res. Sci.
M.Sc. (Agri)
Entomology
3
Dr. J.J. Vaghani
Asstt. Res. Sci.
Ph.D.
Agriculture Chemistry & Soil science
4
Dr. V.R. Akabari
Asstt. Res. Sci.
Ph.D.
Plant Breeding
5
Ms. Bansi M. Devani
(Head quarter at Junagadh)
Asstt. Res. Sci.
M. Tech.
Processing & Food Engineering
6
Sh. A.R. Japda
Agril. Officer
M.Sc. (Agri)
Bio Chemistry
7
Sh. C.M. Lathiya
Agril. Sup.
Agril. Diploma
-
8
Sh. P.M. Lakhani
Agril. Asstt.
Agril. Diploma
-
9
Sh. R.D. Paramar
Agril. Asstt.
Agril. Diploma
-
10
Sh. D.D. Paramar
Agril. Asstt.
Agril. Diploma
-
11
Sh. J. C. Chodavadiya
Agril. Asstt.
B.Sc. (Agri)
-
12
Sh. U.C. Dudhat
Sr. Clerk
H.S.C.
-
13
Smt. R.Z. Mandaliya
Jr. Clerk
H.S.C.
-
14
Sh. D.V. Sagathiya
Tractor Driver
S.S.C.
-
15
Sh. R.B. Borisagar
Khedut kamdar
Std. 8th
-
4.  Agroclimatic Information of  Centre :
(a) Name of the Agro-climatic Zone : North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone-VI
(b) Rainfall : Average rainfall 580 mm.
(c) Soil : Medium black, medium in organic carbon. Soil pH is 7.5 to 8.3 and C/N ratio is 8  to 12
(d) Climate
:
 
The area represents the subtropical conditions with semi arid climate. Monsoon commences by third week of June and ceases by middle of September. The July & August are the months of heavy rains. The winter is short, while summer is quite hot
(e) Geographical Details : Climate  : Subtropical,
  Latitude : 21'35 N
  Longitude : 71' 12 E
  Altitude : 130 m ASL
  Temperature varies : 6 to 45 C0
  Average Rainfall : 580 mm
Available K2O : 320 kg/ha
Electrical Conductivity : 0.23 dSm-1
Water properties : pH 8.10
5.  Infrastructure :
Total area of farm : 23.25 ha
Farm area under cultivation : 17.25 ha
Area under roads, farm bunds and waste, farm structure/ buildings : 6.00 ha
Irrigated area : 7.00 ha
Source of irrigation : Tube well-3, well-2
Office/Lab building : 1
Guest house : 1
No of quarter : 21
Water proof godawn /Store room : 5
Jeep : 1
Tractor : 2
Livestock : 0
6.  Mandate :

*    Collection, evaluation and maintenance of germplasm of different oilseed crops viz; Sesame, Soybean and Arboreum Cotton

*    Development of varieties of above crops with high yield potential, better seed quality and tolerance to different biotic and abiotic stress.

*    Development of location specific production technology

*    Dissemination of technology to the farmers

*    Monitoring of diseases & pests of oilseed crops in the state

*    Seed production programme of varieties of oilseed crops recommended for different production systems in the state

7.  Thrust Areas :  

1.  Yield enhancement and stability in oilseeds production through versatilevarieties/hybrids of different maturity groups for different growing conditions

2.  Quality enhancement through correcting anti-nutritional factors and improvement of physical and nutritional quality in oilseed crops

3.  Development of input responsive varieties of oilseed crops in general and sesame in particular

4.  Development of eco-friendly production technology for sustaining oilseed production

8.  Schemes Operating  :
Sr.
No.
Name of scheme
Budget Head
Type of scheme
Funding agency
1
All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Sesame
2008-1(SM)
I.C.A.R.
ICAR
2
Project for Research on Oilseeds
5008
Non-plan
State Govt.
3
Project for Research on  Cotton
5009
Non-plan
State Govt.
4
To Establishment a Centre of Excellence for Cotton
12009
Plan
State Govt.
 
5
Strengthening Research in sesame  
12575
Plan
State Govt.
6
AICRP/NRCG Exp. Testing
2008-1 (G)
I.C.A.R.
ICAR
7
Production programme of seeds
9510-J-14
State Revolving
State Govt.
8
Scheme of evaluation of cotton hybrid entries under AICRP
18009-12
 
Other Agency
ICAR
9
Remittance of Hybrid cotton
18009-13
Other Agency
ICAR
10
Project for breeder seeds programme of oilseed crops
2008-12
 
I.C.A.R. Revolving
ICAR
11
Frontline Demonstration
(FLDs) on sesame
2008-03 (SM)
I.C.A.R.
ICAR
12
"Mega Seed" seed production in agricultural crops
18803-08
 
I.C.A.R.
ICAR
13
AICW & BIP Trial Amreli
18009-17
I.C.A.R.
ICAR
14
Seed Infrastructure under NMOOP project
18009-34
Other Agency
GSSC Ltd, Gandhinagar 
9.  Research Activities
a) Crop Improvement

i.    Enrichment of germplasm that includes collection, evaluation and maintenance as well as its utilization in breeding programmes.

ii.   Generation of breeding materials for developing high yielding better quality genotypes resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses.

iii.  Testing of newly developed genotypes under state as well as AICRP trials.

iv.  Seed multiplication of released varieties on large scale to cater to the need of farmers and various seed producing agencies.

v.   Dissemination of the newly developed technology on the farmer's field through demonstrations.
b) Resource Management

i.    Minimization of risk factors of mono cropping under erratic and irregular rainfall during kharif season by developing suitable inter-cropping systems

ii.   Generation of efficient nutrient management technology for enhancing productivity and quality of minor oilseed crops under inter-cropping system.

iii.  Establishment of integrated nutrient management system for low cost cultivation.

c) Crop Protection

i.    Integrated pest management in sesame, soybean and deshi cotton.

ii.   Biological and chemical control measures of diseases in sesame, soybean and deshi cotton.

iii.  Survey and surveillance of pests and diseases of various oilseed crops.

10.  Research Achievements/ Recommendations

(A) Varieties released

Sr No
Crop/ variety
Year of release
Average yield (kg/ha)
Potential yield (kg/ha)
Remarks
1
Sesame
 
 
 
 
G.Til-1
1979
630
1800
White seeded for kharif cultivation
G.Til-2
1994
790
1950
White seeded for kharif cultivation
G.Til-10
2002
807
2000
Black seeded for kharif cultivation
G.Til-3
2006
729
1600
White & bold seeded for kharif and summer cultivation
G.Til-4
2010
770
1560
White seeded for kharif cultivation
GJT-5
2015
1241
2344
White & bold seeded for summer cultivation
2
Sunflower
 
 
 
 
GSF-1
1994
870
2000
 
3
Safflower
 
 
 
 
Bhima
1994
1496
1950
 
4
Cotton
 
 
 
 
G. Cot-15
1989
712
1800
 
G. Cot-19
1997
1101
2000
 
GJ Cot.-111
2017
1514
2403
Cream yellow flower & pollen color yellow
5
Soybean
 
 
 
 
G.Soy-1
1983
1490
2200
 
G.Soy-2
1983
1277
2000
 
GJS-3
2011
1835
2450
 
(B) Resource management
SESAME

1.   The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing sesame are advised to apply 50 kg N/ha in three split (1/2 at basal, ¼ at 30 DAS and ¼ at 45 DAS).  Nitrogen dose can be raised to 75 kg/ha if protective irrigation is available.(1998)

2.  The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing sesame are advised to apply 5 tone FYM or 1 tone Castor cake/ha with 50 per cent recommended fertilizer (25-12.5-00 NPK kg/ha) along with seed treatment of Azospirillum and P Solubilizing bacteria (125 g/kg seed).(1998)

3.  Farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing sesame (G.Til-2) and applying 50:25:00 NPK kg/ha are advised to use 25 kg N/ha through FYM + PSB (2 kg/ha) + 12.5 kg P2O5/ha as basal and 25 kg N through urea as top dressing. (2002)

4.  Farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing sesame are advised to apply 15 kg sulphur/ha through gypsum (100 kg/ha)/single super phosphate besides the recommended dose of fertilizer (50-25-00 NPK kg/ha). (2002)

5.  The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing sesame (G.Til-2) are advised to keep 60 cm distance between the row and 15 cm within the row.  (2003)

6.  Farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone are advised to Intercrop sesame (G.Til-2) with cotton (G. Cot-Hy-8) in 3:1 ratio or sesame with groundnut (GG-5) or sesame with green gram (K-851) in 3:3 ratio.(2003)

7.  The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone are advised to intercrop the sesame (G.Til-2) with Cotton (G.Cot. Hy-8) in 3:1 or 2:1 or 1:1 row ratio and sesame with castor (GCH-6) in 3:1 row ratio. (2004)

8.  The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing sesame and groundnut in Kharif are advised to inter crop groundnut (G.G.20) with sesame (G.Til-2) in 3:1, 2:1 or 1:2 row ratio. (2004)

9.  The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing sesame are advised to adopt two hand weeding at 15 and 30 days after sowing . Under scarcity of labours pre emergence application of alachlor (1.5 kg/ha) or post emergence application of quizalofop ethyl (0.05 kg/ha at 15 DAS) + one interculturing at 30 days after sowing is recommended. (2005)

10.  Farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing Sesame based intercropping system are advised to fertilize Sesame + Hy. cotton (3:1) with 100 per cent RDF of main and intercrop on area basis. (2005)

11. The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing sesame in Kharif are advised to irrigate sesame crop at flowering stage during dry spell. (2005)

12. The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing kharif sesame and groundnut are advised to open the furrow after each three rows for sesame. The ridges and furrow method should be followed for groundnut crop at 20-30 days after sowing. (2005)

13. The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing groundnut in kharif are advised to prepare the field by adopting deep ploughing every third year besides tractor harrowing every year. (2005)

14. The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing sesame are advised to adopt seed soaking technique (8 hours soaking  of seed in water (1:1) and drying in shade for 12   hours) before sowing followed by one hand weeding at 15 DAS and mulching with dust (soil mulch)  for getting higher seed yield and net return. (2008)

15. The farmers of  North Saurashtra Agro climatic zone are advised to  apply 25 kg N + 25 kg P2O5/ha as basal and 25 kg N/ha as top dressing or FYM  10 t/ha + Azotobacter and  PSB  each @ 5 kg/ha in soil for  Kharif  sesame variety G.Til-10. (2008)

16. The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro climatic zone growing sesame are advised to apply 2.5 tonnes FYM /ha with ZnSO4 @ 20 kg/ha and FeSO4 25 kg/ha to sesame, besides the recommended dose of (50-25-00 NPK kg/ha) fertilizer. (2008)

17. The Farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing kharif sesame in the Fe and Zn deficient soils are advised to apply, mixture grade multi-micronutrients at 20 kg/ha for soil application consisting of Fe-2.0%, Mn-0.5 %, Zn-5.0%, Cu- 0.2% and B-0.5% (equivalent to Government notified general grade–V) in addition to common fertilizer dose of 50 kg N + 25 kg P2O5 /ha.  (2008)

18. The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing sesame (G.Til-3) in          Kharif are advised to apply RDF (50-25, NP kg /ha) as 25 kg N + 25 kg P2O5 /ha as         basal and 25 kg N/ha as top dressing. (2009)

19. The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing sesame (G.Til-2) during Kharif are advised to apply 1.0 tone castor cake/ha or 7.5 t FYM/ha + 750 kg castor cake/ha. (2009)

20. The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing sesame (G.Til-2) in           summer are advised to apply 25 kg N + 25 kg P2O5 per hectare as basal and 25 kg     N/ha as top dressing at 30 DAS. (2009)

21. The farmers of North Saurashtra agro climatic zone growing sesame (G.Til-3) in kharif are advised to apply 40 kg K2O /ha in soil in addition to the recommended dose of chemical fertilizer, (50-25 NP kg/ha) for getting higher yield and net return.(2011)

22. The farmers of North Saurashtra agro climatic zone growing sesame (G.Til-2) in kharif are advised to apply recommended dose of fertilizer (50-25-00 NPK kg/ha) with two foliar application of urea @ 2% at flowering and capsules           formation stages for getting higher yield and net return.  (2011)

23. The farmers of North Saurashtra agro climatic zone are advised to grow kharif sesame var.G.Til-10 and adopt paired row sowing at 30:60 cm for getting higher yield and net return. (2011)

24. The farmers of North Saurashtra agro climatic zone-VI growing sesame in summer season are advised to sow the crop in third week of February at a spacing of 30 cm x 10 cm to get higher yield and net return. (2013)

25. The farmers of North Saurashtra agro climatic zone growing sesame with intercropping system in Kharif are advised to sow pigeon pea var. G. Tuar-101 as an intercrop with sesame var. G.Til-3 in the row ratio of 2:1 with 60 cm distance between two rows to get higher yield and monetary return. (2016)
SUNFLOWER

1.    Intercropping of Sunflower with spreading Groundnut (1:1) found more profitable over sole crop of spreading Groundnut.

2.   The farmers of North and South Saurashtra region interested to grow Sunflower are advised to sow hybrid MSFH-17 at the on-set of monsoon for getting maximum yield of Sunflower under rain fed condition.

3.   The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone are advised to grow Sunflower (Gujarat Sunflower-1) by fertilizing the crop with 90 kg N/ha and 30kg P205/ha. The 45 kg N/ha and 30kg P205/ha should be applied as a basal dose and the remaining 45 kg N/ha should be applied days after sowing. (2009)

4.  The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone are recommended to grow sunflower variety G. Suf.-1 during kharif season and apply 40 kg S/ha through gypsum (266 kg/ha) in soil in addition to the recommended  dose of chemical fertilizer (90-30-00 NPK kg/ha).(2009)
SOYBEAN
1.  The farmers of AES-IX of North Saurashtra are advised to fertilize their soybean crop with 30 : 30, N and P205 kg/ha,  respectively.
(C)   Plant protection

1.    Yield losses in sesame (G.Til-2) due to pest complex i.e. leaf webber (Antigastra catalaunalis), gallfly (Asphondylia sesame), mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus) and leaf eating beetles (Pucneforus impressusa) was 38.70 percent. (2006)

2.   Sesame genotypes/varieties G.Til-10 and NG-2-177 were tolerant to leaf webber/capsule borer (Antigastra catalaunalis). Entries G.Til-10, NG-2-177, AT-103 and AT-93 were tolerant to gall fly (Asphondylia sesame). Entry AT-93 was tolerant to mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus). (2006)

3.   The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone are advised to apply three sprays of Endosulphan 0.07% (20 ml/10 lit. ) at vegetative, flowering and capsule stage of sesame crop for effective control of sesame leaf webber in kharif season (2010).

4.   For effective and economical bio-pesticides based management of leaf webber/capsule borer in Kharif sesame, three sprays of Beuveria bassiana 5 g/l or neem seed kernel extract 5 % (500 g/10 l water) at 15 days interval starting from the pest infestation are recommended for farmers of North Saurashtra Agro Climatic Zone (2011).

5.   Farmers of North Saurashtra Agro Climatic Zone growing sesame in Kharif season are advised to apply three sprays of Propiconazole 5 EC 0.0025% (10 ml/10 liter) or Hexaconazole 5 EC 0.005% (10 ml/10 liter) or Carbendazim 12 % W.P + Mancozab 63% W.P. 0.15% at 12 days interval starting from 40 days after sowing for effective and economical management of leaf/stem/capsule spots in sesame crop (2011).

6.   Two sprays of lamda cyhalothrin 5 EC 0.005% (10 ml/10 lit. water) or emamectin benzoate 5 SG 0.0035% (7g/10 lit. water) (1st spray at ETL of 0.25 larva/plant and 2nd spray at 15 days  after 1st spray) found effective and economic for management of leaf weber of sesame in kharif in North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone.

        Two sprays of dicofol 18.5 EC 0.037% (20 ml/ 10 lit. water), 1st spray at appearance of mite and 2nd spray at 15 days after 1st spray found effective and economical. Residues of above pesticides in sesame seed were not detected at 30 days after 2nd spray. (2016)

7.  The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing sesame are advised to treat seed with Trichoderma harzianum 1 % WP 5g/kg seed or Pseudomonas fluorescens 1% WP 5g/kg seed along with soil application of Trichoderma harzianum 1 % WP 2.5 kg/ha with 300 kg FYM or castor cake at the time of sowing were found effective and economical for management of soil born diseases (Macrophomina stem rot and Phytopthora blight) of sesame. (2016)
11.  Transfer of Technologies

*    Organizing farmer's day/Agril. Fair at the station every two-year.

*    Participating in the "Krushi Mela", farmer's days and Agril. Exhibition organized by University and other agencies.

*    Educating govt. officials in pre-seasonal training, diagnostic team visit and other training programmes.

*    Conducting demonstration plot and organizing field days on farmers field.

*    Educating students during Kendra Nivas and to farmers during visit of this station.

*    Awareness through TV and Radio talk, literature, press note, personnel/spot field diagnosis and letter etc.
12. Publications: (Last Five Years)
 
No.
(a) Useful to the farmers
15
(b) Useful to the scientific community
40
13.  Details of Contact Person:
Name 
Telephone no (with STD code)
Mobile Number
Residence Phone No.
Fax No.
E-Mail
Dr. V.N. Gohil
02792-222247
9909440416
-
02792-222247
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