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Millet Research Station, Jamnagar

Pearlmillet Research Station

Junagadh Agricultural University

Jamnagar, Gujarat

 

Year of Establishment : 1962
Introduction:
Gujarat is ranking third in area under Bajra crop as compare to all other states of India. Thus bajra is an important crop for the state of Gujarat. Realizing this importance, Government of Gujarat had started the bajra research scheme in the year 1962 keeping Jamnagar as the main station. Besides four sub stations are also provided viz., Mahuva in Bhavnagar district, Kothara in Kutch district, Sardar Krishinagar in Banaskantha district and Anand in Anand district.
Since the establishment of bajra research station at Jamnagar, a great headway had been made and as a result of research efforts in bajra crop, the average normal yield of farmers fields of  310 kg/ha (1961) has gone high up to 1418 kg/ha (2007-08). This has become largely possible because of development of bajra hybrids and its extensive use on farmers fields.  The Jamnagar Station has been proved to be the most suitable selection for conducting the research in bajra crop, as under Jamnagar conditions, it is possible to raise three different crops of Bajra during one year viz., Kharif,  Pre-rabi and Hot weather. Thus helping in generation advancement breeder seed production under time isolation and testing the material in short time.
Mandate :
Multidisciplinary work on pearl millet involving disciplines of Plant Breeding, Plant Pathology, Agronomy, Entomology, Plant Physiology, Seed Technology and Biochemistry is in progress under the coordinated as well as state project at Jamnagar. Besides, seed technological research on seed technology under the coordinated project and DUS project on castor are also operating at Jamnagar. Evaluation and testing of varieties/hybrids of oil seeds is also in progress under the state oil seed project. In Brief, the main mandate research activities of the Millet Research Station, J.A.U., Jamnagar are presented as under;
  1. Development and evaluation of early, medium duration, disease and pest resistant hybrids of pearl millet suitable for different agro-ecological zones of the country and Gujarat under different growing seasons.
  2. Development and use of diversified downy mildew resistant restorer lines, cytosterile lines and maintainers with various CMS sources of pearl millet.
  3. Development of appropriate seed production technology for newly released Pearl millet hybrid.
  4. Collection and maintenance of Pearl millet germplasm.
  5. Varietal characterization of castor, Sesamum, pearl millet etc.
  6. Research on improvement and evaluation of seed quality and seed production technology of seed crops.
  7. Identification and assessment of environmental stress resistance/tolerance of pearl millet hybrids/parents.
  8. Breeder seed production of parental lines of pearl millet.
  9. To accomplish the agronomic practices and operations, fertilizer management, weed management, moisture conservation techniques, cropping system and cropping sequences of the rainfed/irrigated (summer/pre-rabi) pearl millet to improve and increase grain and fodder yield.
  10. The mandate of plant protection aspects for Bajra crop are mainly on screening of different Bajra varieties against major insect pest and diseases. Development of resistant Bajra lines against major pest and diseases, management of major pest and diseases through chemical and other cultural control measures and monitoring and survey of major pests and diseases of Bajra  crop including activity of store grain pests in storage.
  11. Evaluation of newly developed varieties/hybrids of oilseeds (groundnut, castor, Sesamum, mustard).
  12. Trainings, FLDs on seed production and pearl millet hybrids.
Thrust areas:
  1. To conduct location specific research on priority areas in arid, semi-arid zone vis-a-vis collection and utilization of genetic resources for development of high yielding hybrids with wide adaptability.
  2. To identify early maturity high yielding disease, pest and bird resistant hybrids for different  agro-ecological situations.
  3. Diversification of male sterile lines to over come narrow genetic base of cultivated hybrids through development of downy mildew resistant  CMS lines in A5 and A4 sources.
  4. Production of parental breeder seeds as per state and national indents.
  5. Screening of Pearl millet hybrids, parents and varieties for their resistance to various diseases viz., downy mildew, ergot, smut, rust and blast.
  6. Control of diseases using plant products, bio agents and new fungicides.
  7. Application of tissue cultures for in vitro selection of downy mildew resistance and for studying various patho types of Sclerospora graminicola.
  8. Evaluation of newly developed hybrids for drought tolerance.
  9. Testing of combining ability of male sterile and inbred lines for developing new bajra hybrids.
  10. Research on fertilizer requirement of newly released hybrids,  moisture conservation techniques etc.
  11. Research on moisture conservation techniques for early maturing hybrids under rainfed condition.
  12. Fertilizer requirement of different intercropping systems keeping Pearl millet  as a main crop.
  13. Development of IPM module for the control  of ear head worms (Heliothis arrmigera)
  14. Study on incidence of store grain pests infesting bajra grains.
  15. Breeding for quality improvement in bajra.
  16. Variety characterization, lab as well as field study for newly released  and promising hybrids of pearl millet.
  17. Studies on seed technology aspects viz., seed production and certification, seed physiology, storage and testing, seed health and seed entomology.
  18. Application  of biotechnology, tissue culture and protoplast techniques for development of inbred, Male sterile lines and the restorer lines which can be used for making high yielding, drought, salinity and disease resistant hybrids. 
  19. Breeding for dry fodder quality improvement in dual purpose hybrids of pearl millet.
Research Activities :
a) Plant Breeding and Crop Physiology :
 
1.
Development of high yielding/dual purpose pearl millet hybrids/varieties having stable performance, consumer attracting quality and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses.
2.
Development of input responsive varieties/hybrids of pearl millet for non traditional cultivation.
3.
Development of superior hybrids compared to the prevailing ones with higher grain and fodder yields and resistant to pests and diseases.
4.
Identification of suitable hybrids for cultivation under adverse climatic conditions.
5.
Development  of input responsive downy mildew resistant short or medium duration high yielding hybrids for summer and irrigated Kharif conditions.
6.
Diversification of various sources of CMS lines by developing new diverse and disease resistant CMS lines and B lines of A1, A4 and A5 sources.
7.
Development of diverse and pest / disease resistant R lines with high combining ability
8.
Research on appropriate seed production technology of newly developed hybrids/varieties.
9.
Identification of stable diagnostic characters for new   bajra and castor hybrids
10.
Laboratory study for varietal characterization
11.
Survey of seed production Problems in seed plot of bajra and castor
12.
Determination of plating ratio for new bajra hybrid
13.
Identification and assessment of drought resistance and screening and multiplication evaluation for drought resistant entries.
14.
Partitioning patterns in pearl millet and study of stay green character and thermo tolerance are also underway.
b) Resource Management :
 
1.
Development of refined production technology to harvest higher grain as well as fodder yield of best quality.
2.
To develop efficient production technologies of pearl millet based cropping system.
3.
Fertilizer requirement for new and advanced hybrids and population.
4.
Moisture conservation techniques.
5.
Crop sequence -Bajra-Bajra, Bajra-Legume and Bajra-oilseed
6.
Integrated nutrient management in Bajra -Mustard crop sequence
7.
Long term effect of FYM and use of bio fertilizer with chemical fertilizer and   without chemical fertilizer.
c) Crop Protection :
 
1.
Screening of plant breeding materials against disease such as downy mildew, smut, rust, ergot and blast
2.
Screening for disease and pests to find out suitable integrated control measures.
3.
Management and control of diseases using chemicals and bio agents
4.
Study on the pathogen diversity of downy mildew, in pearl millet
5.
Study on the development and intensity of various diseases such as tikka, rust, downy mildew, ergot, and powdery mildew of groundnut, pearl millet, and mustard for monitoring and forecasting
6.
Effect of chemicals (insecticides and fungicides) on mycoflora of pearl millet and mung bean
7.
Use of insecticides and screening of promising bajra entries against major insect -pests along with development of shoot fly resistant bajra line are under way.
8.
Work is also in progress to determine ETL of bajra shoot fly
9.
Studies on population dynamics of gallfly and leaf roller of sesamum, control of    gallfly of sesamum and thrips of garlic crop with insecticides along with seed entomology work are also going on.
10.
Research on seed pest  and seed storage of different crops and   monitoring of resistance in storage pest infesting in go down are in progress.
Faculty Profile :
Sr.
Name & Designation
Qualification
1
Dr. P.R. Padhar, Research Scientist (Pearl Millet)
Ph.D.
2
Shri H.K.Kandoriya, Associate Research Scientist (Agronomy)
M.Sc.
3
Dr. D.L. Kadvani, Associate Research Scientist (Pl. Pathology)
Ph.D.
4
Dr. K. K. Dhedhi, Associate Research Scientist (Pl. Breeding)
Ph.D.
5
Dr. K.. D. Mungra, Associate  Research Scientist (Pl. Breeding)
Ph.D.
6
Mrs. Asha C.Mehta, Asstt.  Research Scientist (Agronomy)
M.Sc.
7
Shri J. S. Sorthiya, Asstt Research Scientist (Pl. Breeding)
M.Sc.
8
Shri Raj Kumar P.Juneja, Asstt Research Scientist (Entomology)
M.Sc.
9
Dr.S.K. Parmar Asstt Research Scientist (Pl. Breeding)
Ph.D.
10
Shri C.B. Dhobi, Asstt Research Scientist (Entomology)
Ph.D.
11
Shri L. K. Mungra, Agril Officer
B.Sc.
12
Shri.P.M.Makavana, Agril. Officer
B.Sc.
13
Shri N. M. Chaudhari, Agril. Officer
M.Sc.
14
Shri.C.R. Sable, Agril. Officer
Diploma Agri. 
15
Shri R.S. Patel, Agril. Officer
Diploma Agri. 
16
Shri P.R. Patel, Agril. Officer
M.Sc.

 

Research projects and schemes – ongoing
Sr.
Name of the scheme
Budget Head
Type of Scheme (Plan/Non-Plan)
Funding Agency
1
Scheme for StrengtheningResearch in Millet
10002
Plan
State Govt.
2
Scheme of Agricultural Meteorology 
10907
Plan
State Govt.
3
Project for Research in Millet
5002
Non-Plan
State Govt.
4
National Agricultural  Research Project (Pearl Millet)
7082-B
Non-Plan
State Govt.
5
Project for Research in Oilseeds
5008
Non-Plan
State Govt.
6
All India Coordinated Pearl Millet Improvement Project
2002
ICAR
ICAR
7
Seed Technology Research Unit
2076-2
ICAR
ICAR
8
Front Line Demonstration on Pearl Millet
2704-43
ICAR
ICAR
9
Equipping and Strengthening of Designated DUS center
2002-5
PPV & FRA
GOI
10
Testing  fees for conduct of AICMIP
2259
Adhoc
PC (Unit)
11
India Grassland & Fodder Research
2259A
Adhoc
PC (Unit)
12
Revolving Fund
2002-5
ICAR
ICAR
13
Application of biotechnology for Pearl Millet improvement
18247-11
RKVY
GOI
14
Management of cotton milibug, ferisia veergata (cocrel)
11547-10
RKVY
GOI
15
 ICRISAT-JAU collaborative project on “Harnessing opportunity for productivity enhancement (HOPE) of pearl millet” (Starting from 2010) (International Project)
-
Adhoc
ICRISAT
16
 ICRISAT-JAU collaborative project on “Genetically enhanced micronutrient dense pearl millet grains for improved human nutrition in the Western Africa and India” (Starting from 2010) (International Project)
-
Adhoc
ICRISAT
Hybrids / Varieties Released during last ten years :
Sr. No.
Hybrids/
Variety
Pedigree
Year of release
Condition
of recomme-ndation
Area of adoption
Maturity duration and salient features
 1
GHB-526
ICMA-95222
X
J-2372
2002
Summer-Pre-rabi
Across the country for summer cultivation
75-80 days, medium tall, good tillering, narrow leaves with greenish white mid rib,  compact conical  ear heads, obovate  gray brown grains.
2
GHB-558
ICMA-94555
X
J-2290
2002
Kharif
Across the country for kharif  cultivation
75-80 days, medium tall, good tillering, broad leaves,  long thick compact conical  ear heads, obovate dark  gray bold grains.
3
GHB-577
JMSA-101
X
J-2405
2003
Kharif
For Zone ‘A’ of the country
70-75 days, tall, good tillering, medium thick stem with basal pigmentation, semi compact cylindrical   ear heads, globular  grains.
4
GHB-558
ICMA-94555
X
J-2290
2003
Summer
Across the country for   summer cultivation
75-80 days, medium tall, good tillering, broad leaves,  long thick compact conical  ear heads, obovate dark  gray bold grains.
 
5
GHB-538
95444A
X
J -2340
2004
Kharif
For Zone 'A1' of the country
65-70 days, medium tall, good tillering, drought resistant,   compact cylindrical  ear heads, globular light brownish gray grains. 
6
GHB-719
95222A
X
J -2454
2006
Kharif
For Zone 'A1' of the country
70-74 days, medium tall, good tillering, drought resistant,   compact cylindrical with bristle  ear heads, globular light brownish gray grains. 
7
GHB-757
ICMA 92777
X
J-2467
2007
Kharif
For Zone 'A1'
of the country
Early maturing, drought resistant Nodal pigmentation is Present, head shape is cylindrical with purple anther color violet panicle tip, synchronous tillering, appealing ear head, medium bold grain size and attractive seed color .
8
GHB-744
ICMA 98444
X
J-2340
2007
Kharif
For Zone 'A'
of the country
Medium thick stem with basal pigmentation, anther color yellow, cylindrical head shape,  compact, bristle absent, grey brownish grain color with globular grain shape
9
GHB-732
ICMA 96222
X
J-2340
2007
Kharif
For Zone 'A'
of the country
Medium thick stem with basal pigmentation, anther color purple, lancelet  head shape,  compact, bristle absent, grey brownish grain color with globular grain shape
10
GHB-905
ICMA
04999
 X
J-2454
2012
Kharif
For  ‘A’ zone of the country
75-80 days, medium tall, good tillering, drought resistant, compact, medium long with bristled ear head, medium grain size with attractive color.
Awards / Significant Achievement of the Faculty :
  1. First popular hybrid HB-3 was released from the Jamnagar center in 1968. Which resulted in quantum jump in pearl millet productivity of the country?
  2. The center has recently released six pearl millet hybrids Viz., GHb-526, GHb-558, GHB-577, GHB-538, GHB-719, GHB-744, GHB-732 and GHB-757 at national level for cultivation in various seasons and agro ecological situations of the country. Total 1 hybrids have been released from J.A.U., Jamnagar 
  3. Dr. H.R. Dave and Co-workers were awarded Sardar Patel award in 1997 for the development and release of first summer pearl millet hybrid GHB-183.
  4. Chaudhari Devilal out standing All-India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) Award for the year 2003 was awarded to pearl millet in which J.A.U., Jamnagar has made significant and major contribution and received the certificate from Project Coordinator(pearl millet).
  5. The Jamnagar center has received the award of the best All India Coordinated Pearl Millet Research Center from Society for Millet Research and AICPMIP on 2nd May, 2005.
  6. Seed multiplication and parental breeder seed production of pearl millet was successfully carried out as per the  state and national indents.
  7. Center has recently developed eight new elite CMS lines and more than 100 restorer lines. Huge and diverse elite pearl millet breeding material after the development of new CMS lines/restorer lines is on hand for future breeding programme.
  8. The research paper presented by Dr. C.J. Dangaria and co-workers at National Symposium on alternative use of millets in India held at Bikaner on 30th April, 2005 was judged as a best paper. 
  9. Dr. A.K. Joshi and Co-workers also received the best poster paper award during national seminar on stress management in arid and semi arid ecosystems for productivity enhancement in Agriculture on sustainable basis  held at Sardar Krishinagar held during 11-13 April, 2005.
  10. Dr. C.J. Dangaria, Research Scientist (Pearl Millet) was awarded best scientist award by Indian Society of Millet Research on 10th April, 2006 for significant contribution in pearl millet improvement by the Jamnagar center.
Publications :
Research Papers Published in International Journals : 45
Research Papers Published in National Journals : 90
Research Papers Published in Seminar/Symposia/Conference : 80
Technical Bulletins / Booklets : 10
Popular Articles Published for Farming Community : 98
Transfer of Technologies / Extension Activities :
Apart from the regular training programme on kharif and summer bajra crop production, the   trainings are also organized for various levels including farmers and field staff SSC, SSCA and STL with special reference to ODV and other seed technological aspects.
The scientist of the center are actively taking part in Krishi  Mahotsav in Gujarat.
Recently this center has released GHB-558, GHB- 526, GHB-538, GHB-719, GHB-732, and GHB-744 for kharif and summer season at national and state level. Due its high yielding potentiality good fodder quality it has become popular among the farmer. More over these hybrids become more popular due to large number of FLDs through out the state.
Center is providing training and guidance on various agricultural technologies to extension workers and farmers. Front line demonstration and field days on various crops of the district. Scientist of the center are attending the meetings organized by line departments like Department of Agriculture, Panchayats, DRDA, GSFC, GNFC and various bank's to provide the information on recent production technologies. Taking active part in agricultural fairs in the state to provide information on recent pearl millet production technologies.
Recommendation for Scientific community
Year: 2001-02
Pearl Millet
Spraying the extracts of mint leaves , neem seed kernels (NSKS) & neem leaves @ 5 % at 10 & 20 days after germination are found effective against bajra shootfly , Atherigona appriximata. (Main Pearl Millet Research Station, JAU, Jamnagar)
Recommendation for farming  community
Year: 2006-07
Sesamum
Farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic zone growing sesame are advised to take plant protection measures starting from 28 days after sowing  (DAS) for the control of leaf roller and 42 DAS for gall fly. Moreover, the farmers are further advised to take care that the leaf roller infestation is found more when there is more rainfall/rainy days and gall fly infestation is more when there is low rain/dry period. (Main Pearl Millet Research Station, JAU, Jamnagar)
STR: Farmer Recommendation:Year: 2010-11
Suppression of interspersed staminate flowers (ISF) in non- environmental sensitive (NES) pistillate line for hybrid seed production of castor.
Castor hybrid seed production growing farmers/ seed producers are recommended to apply two spray of Ethrel @ 0.05 per cent on pistillate parent (JP-65) at 45 and 65 days after sowing to significantly reduce the number of interspersed staminate flowers in racemes of female parent, ultimately to reduce the per cent of selfing in hybrid seed of castor hybrid GCH-6 and to derive more profit per hectare from hybrid seed production programme.
A. Nutrient Management
1. The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro climatic Zone-VI growing hybrid pearl millet during kharif season are advised to apply 25% more nitrogen over recommended dose (800 kg N/ha) and 30 kg phosphorus per hectare for obtaining maximum yield of pearl millet and net return. (2015)
2.The farmers of North Saurashtra agro-climatic zone-VI growing hybrid pearl millet during kharif are recommended to apply ZnSO4 @ 20 kg/ha along with recommended chemical fertilizers (80:40:00 kg NPK/ha) and FYM 5 t/ha for getting higher grain yield and net return as well as for improvement of quality (Protein, Zn and Fe content) of grain of pearl millet. (2015)
B. Cropping System
Agronomy:
Year: 2014-15:

1. The farmers of North Saurashtra agro-climatic zone-VI adopting pearl millet (kharif) – gram (rabi) cropping sequence and interested in organic farming are advised to apply FYM @ 7.5 t/ha every year to only pearl millet for securing higher net realization and sustain organic carbon contain in soil.
The yield of crops with application of FYM 7.5 t/ha was almost equal to recommended dose of fertilizers (80:40:0 N:P2O5:K2O/ha) after four years under organic farming. (2015)
F. Weed Management
G. Cropping System Diversification

Agronomy:
Year: 2013-14:

1.The farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing summer hybrid pearl millet are recommended to sow the crop during Second fortnight of February (30 0C Av. Max. Temp.) to obtain higher yield and net realization.(2014)
Plant Protection:
2013-14

Farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing kharif pearl millet are advised to treat the seeds with thiamethoxam 35 FS @ 9.0 ml/kg or imidacloprid 600 FS @ 8.75 ml/kg at the time of sowing followed by spray of either profenophos 40% + cypermethrin 4.0%, 44% EC (ready mix formulation) 0.044% (10 ml/10 lit. water) or cartap hydrochloride 50% SP 0.05% (10g/ 10 lit. water) or thiodicarb 75% WP 0.15% (2g/10 lit. water) at 30 days after germination of the crop for the effective management of shoot fly and stem borer. The residues of insecticides after 61 days of spray in bajra grains were below detection level.
2014-15
Farmers of North Saurashtra Agro-climatic Zone growing kharif pearl millet are advised to treat the seeds with imidacloprid 600 FS @ 8.75 ml/kg (4.20 g a.i./kg) at the time of sowing followed by spray either of imidacloprid 17.8 SL 0.009% (5.0 ml/10 litre water, 45.39 g a.i./ha) or spinosad 45 SC @ 0.009% (2.0 ml/10 litre water, 45 g a.i./ha) at 35 days after germination of the crop for the effective management of shoot fly and stem borer. The PHI for these insecticides is 42 days. 
 

 

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